Institutions Applied to Antiquity

Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and families can be used to examine antiquity.

   

Institutions

Institutions can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC; the late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC; the early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC; the late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC; and the early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC.

Religion

Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC; the late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC; early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC; the late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC; and early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC.

Particular religions

Particular religions including Abrahamic religion, Asian religion, pagan religion, and secularism can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th centuy BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC; the late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC; the early 2nd millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC; the late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC; and early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC.

Pagan religion

Pagan religion including Asian pagan religion, European pagan religion, African pagan religions, and American Indian pagan religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. Neopagan religion had not yet developed.

Asian pagan religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. European pagan religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. African pagan religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. American Indian religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Abrahamic religion

Abrahamic religion including Judaism can be used to examine the late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millenium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. Christianity and Islam had not yet developed. Judaism can be used to examine the early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Asiatic religion

Asiatic religion including Indian religion, East Asian religion, and Persian religion can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Indian religion

Indian religion including Buddhism, Hinduism, and Jainism can be used to examine used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. Sikhism had not yet been founded.

Buddhism originated in this period. Hinduism is thought to have originated in antiquity. Jainism is thought to have originated in antiquity.

East Asian religion

East Asian religion including Confucianism, Taoism, Japanese religion, and Korean religion can be connected.

Confucianism is thought to have originated in antiquity. Taoism may have originated late in antiquity. Japanese religion can be connected. Korean religion can be connected.

Persian religion

Persian religion including Zoroastrianism, Manicheanism, and Mithraism can be connected.

Zoroastrianism can be connected. Manicheanism can be connected. Mithraism can be connected.

Secularism

Secularism seems to have had roots partly in greek philosophy of the early 1st millennium BC.

Religious organization

Religious organization can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Religious practice

Religious practice can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC

Religious belief

Religious belief can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Government

Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Particular governments

Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millenium BC.

International government

International government including traditional empires can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC. Modern compacts and colonial empires had not yet developed.

Traditional empires

Traditinal empires including Asian empires can be connected. It does not appear that European empires had yet developed. Other empires do not seem to have developed.

Asian empires such as Egyptian, Babylonian, Assyrian, and Persian empires can be considered.

National goverment

National government can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Local government

Local government can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Government activity

Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

State relations

State relations including warfare, diplomacy, and intelligence can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Warfare can be connected. Diplomacy can be connected. Intelligence can be connected.

Administration

Administration including welfare, security, public works and land, and taxation can be connected.

Welfare can be connected. Security can be connected. Public works and land can be connected. Taxation can be connected.

Succession

Sucession including appointment, inheritance, election, and seizure can be connected.

Appointment can be connected. Inheritance can be connected. Election can be connected. Seizure can be connected.

Government structure

Government structure including forms of government, executive systems, legistlative systems, judicial systems, and political parties and interest groups can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Forms of government can be connected. Executive systems can be connected. Legislative systems can be connected. Judicial systems can be connected. Political parties and interest groups can be connected.

Law

Law including Asian law, tribal law, international law, and Western law can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Asian law can be connected. Tribal law can be connected. International law can be connected. Western law can be connected.

Economics

Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Economic systems

Economic systems including economic system behavior, economic system types, networks, and firms can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Economic system behavior can be connected. Economic system types can be connected. Networks can be connected. Firms can be connected.

Industries

Industries including social and medical services, commercial and financial cervices, communications industries, transportation industries, manufacturing and extraction industries, and food and agricultural industries can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Social and medical services including institutional services, personal and social services, and recreation and entertainment industries can be connected. Commercial and financial services such as wholesale and retail merchandising, banking and credit, brokers and dealers, renting and leasing, and insurance can be connected. Communications industries including information services, computer services, electronic media, and print media can be connected. Transportation industries including transportation systems, aerospace transportation, water transportation, and land tranportation can be connected. Building and construction industry including accomodation, furnishings and equipment supply, construction, and building materials supply can be used to examine classical and medieval history and modern history. Manufacturing and extraction industries including equipment manufacturing, nonmetallic product manfacturing, metal and mineral product manufacturing, utilities, and extraction can be connected. Food and agricultural industries including food service, food production, forestry, agriculture, and hunting and fishing can be connected.

Economic activity

Economic activity including consumption, distribution and exchcange, and production can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Consumption can be connected. Distribution and exchange can be connected. Production can be connected.

Education

Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

School systems

School systems including higher education, secondary education, and primary education can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Higher education can be connected. Secondary education can be connected. Primary education can be connected.

Educational organization

Educational organization including educational administration, faculty, students, and course material can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC

Educational administration can be connected. Faculty can be connected. Students can be connected. Course material can be connected.

Cultural institutions

Cultural institutions including parformance venues, libraries, and museums can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Performance venues can be connected. Libraries can be connected. Museums can be connected.

Teaching

Teaching can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Research

Research can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Family

Family including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Particular families

Particular famiies can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millenium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Kinship

Kinship can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

Parenting

Parenting can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millenium BC.

Marriage

Marriage can be used to examine the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 9 June 2014 Last updated 25 Oct 2017