The thirteenth century CE includes events of the early 13th century, early mid 13th century CE, mid 13th century CE, late mid 13th century CE, and late 13th century CE.
Asiatic peoples had developed several civilizations. Oriental peoples were notable for China coming under Mongol rule. American Indian peoples had developed sigificant civilizations which are at present little known due to a scarcity of written records.
Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be connected.
Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected.
The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected. The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century CE, 24th century CE, 23rd century CE, 22nd century CE, and 21st century CE can be connected. The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected. The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected. The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected.
Other classical and medieval history
Other classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and other periods of late medieval history can be connected.
Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected. Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected.
Other periods of late medieval history including the 11th century CE and 12th century CE can be connected.
The 14th century CE including the early 14th century, early mid 14th century, mid 14th century, late mid 14th century, and late 14th century can be connected. The 15th century CE including the early 15th century CE, early mid 15th century CE, mid 15th century CE, late mid 15th century CE, and late 15th century CE can be connected.
The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected.
The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, and late mid 18th century can be connected. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected.
The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected.
The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected.
The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.
The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected.
The late 20th century including the early 1980s can be connected. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 can be connected.
The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.
The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, and 2013 can be connected. 2014 including the first quarter 2014, second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected. 2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.
The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected. 2016 including the first quarter 2016, second quarter 2016, third quarter 2016, and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected. 2017 including the first quarter 2017, second quarter 2017, and third quarter 2017 can be connected.
The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.
Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social mechanics can be connected.
Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.
Nations such as Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali, Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Chad, Cuba, Belgium, Greece, Rwanda, Tunisia, Portugal, Czech Republic, Bolivia, Guinea, Burundi, Haiti, Hungary, Somalia, Sweden, Belarus, Dominican Republic, Azerbaijan, Benin, Austria, Honduras, United Arab Emirates, South Sudan, Switzerland, Israel, Tajikistan, can be connected.
Western Civilization including Latin, Germanic, Anglic, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. Italy can be connected. Latin peoples such as those of France can be connected. Germanic peoples such as those of Germany can be connected. Anglic peoples such as those of the United Kingdom can be connected. Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia can be connected.
Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian and Persian peoples can be connected. Turkey can be connected. Egypt can be connected. The Ayyubid Sultanate was succeded by the Mamluk Sultanate. Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected.
India can be connected. The Delhi sultanate ruled much of northern India and suffered Mongol incursions. Pakistan can be connected. The Delhi Sultanate was important. The Soomra dynasty was succeded by the Samma dynasty. The Mongols invaded part of Pakistan.
Oriental peoples such as those of China can be connected. Japan can be connected. Cities such as Tokyo and Seoul can be connected. China can be connected. The Mongols under Kublai Khan established the Yuan dynasty in place of the Jin and southern Song dynasties in 1271 CE.
African peoples including Eastern African, Western African, and Central African peoples can be connected. South Africa can be connected. Eastern African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected. Western African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected. Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR can be connected.
Cities such as Jakarta, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris, Nagoya, Lima, Chicago, Kinshasa, Tianjin, Chennai, Bengaluru, London, Saigon, Donguan, Hyderabad, Chengdu, Lahore, Jonannesburg, Tehran, Essen can be connected.
World cities including Tokyo, Seoul, Mumbai, and Jakarta can be connected. Tenochtitlan had not yet been founded. New York City and Sao Paulo had not yet been founded.
Social mechanics including social change, social tyes, and social structure can be connected.
Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected.
Particular changes and movements including stone age developments and the agricultural revolution can be connected. Agrarian developments including bronze age developments, American civilization, early iron age developments, late iron age developments, and modernization can be connected. The industrial revolution had not yet begun.
Social change processes including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.
Social types including agrarian, horticultural, and hunting and gathering societies can be connected. Industrial societies had not yet developed.
Social structure including institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected. Community and regional structure can be connected. Class structure can be connected.
Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and family can be connected.
Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected.
Particular religions including Abrahamic religion, Asiatic religion and secularism can be connected. Pagan religion including European pagan religion, Asian pagan religion, African pagan religion, American Indian religion, and neopagan religion can be connected.
Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected.
Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be connected. Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be connected. Government structure including forms of government, executive systems, legislative systems, judicial systems, and political parties and interest groups can be connected. Law including international law, Western law, Asian law, and tribal law can be connected.
Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected. Families including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.
Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected.
Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be connected. Conceptual culture including philosophy, applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and language can be connected. Material culture including miscellaneous artifacts, communications technology, transportation technology, clothing and dress, foodstuffs, building technology, and industrial technology can be connected.
Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.
Particular groups can be connected. Human geography including Asian geography, European geography, African geography, North American geography, South American geography, and Oceanic geography can be connected. Human ecology including human effects on the environment, relations with other life forms, and environmental effects on people can be connected. Physical anthropology including human dispersion, racial variation, and human origins can be connected. Demography including population change, population size and structure, migration, death, and birth and fertility can be connected. Social foundations including social group behavior, social group types, social control, social interaction, and social presentation can be connected.
Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.
Biography can be connected. Psychology including social psychology, personality, mental disorders, developmental psychology, behavior patterns, mind, and behavioral elements can be connected. The human body including form and appearance, disease, life cycle, body functions, and body systems can be connected.
Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.
Biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology can be connected. Earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology can be connected. Astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy can be connected. Chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances can be connected.
Physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, and thermodynamics can be connected. Mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics can be connected.
Created 24 July 2014 Last updated 10 Feb 2018