Science Applied to History

Physical and natural science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be used to examine history.

   

Science

Science can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

Biology

Biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

Biohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic life can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Ecology including biogeography, ecosystems, evolution, systems ecology, community ecology, population ecology, and behavioral ecology can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Systematics including animals, fungi, plants, protists, and microbes can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Organism biology including behavior, life cycle, morphology and form, organ systems, tissues, and habitat can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Cell biology including cell types, behavior, and structure can be used to examine modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Molecular biology including nucleic acids, proteins, lipids, carbohydrates, other organics, and inorganics can be used to examine modern history including the 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century.

Earth Science

Geology including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the arly 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

Geohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic geohistory can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Physical geography including mapping, oceanic geography, and terrestrial geography can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Atmospheric science including climatology, meteorology, and atmospheric structure can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medival history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Hydospheric science including oceanography, glaciology, groundwater, and fresh water can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC, classical and medieval history including early classical, late clasical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Geology including interior geology, geologic processes, landforms, petrology, and mineralogy can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieva, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century.

Astronomy

Astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

Galactic astronomy can be used to examine modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Stellar astronomy can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Local astronomy can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classsical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century.

Chemistry

Chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

Chemical systems including organic, inorganic, gas, liquid, and solid chemistry can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical history, late classical, history, early medieval history, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Chemical change including physical changes, chemical reactions, and nuclear reactions can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Chemical substances including mixtures, compounds, and elements can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century.

Physics

Physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory, antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early medieval, late medieval, early classical, and late classical history; modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century; and the future.

The structure of matter including exotic matter, common bulk matter, molecular physics, atomic physics, and subatomic physics can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical history, late classical history, early medieval history, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Quantum physics can be used to examine modern history including the 20th century. Relativity including general relativity and special relativity can be used to examine modern history including the 20th century.

Electromagnetism including optics and magnetism can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. Electric current including alternating current circuits, direct current circuits, resistance, EMF, and current definition can be connected. Electrostatics including electrical properties of matter, capacitance, electric flux, electric potential, electric field, electric force, charge distributions, and electric charge can be connected.

Thermodynamics

Thermodynanics including statistical mechanics, nonclassical thermodynamics, and classical thermodynamics can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century.

Statistical mechanics including quantum statistical mechanics, relativistic statistical mechanics, and classical statistical mechanics can be connected. Nonclassical thermodynamics can be connected. Classical thermodynamics including thermodynamic laws, processes, and systems and states can be connected.

Mechanics

Mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics can be used to examine prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory; antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC; classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history; and modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century. It has developed most in modern times and is an important part of understanding modern industrial society.

Gravitation and celestial mechanics including nonrigid celestial mechanics, rigid body celestial mechanics, particle celestial mechanics, and surface gravitation can be connected. General mechanics including wave mechanics, which includes studies of vibration and sound, fluid mechanics, and deformable solid bodies including elastic bodies can be connected. Rigid body mechanics including dynamic systems, static systems, rotational dynamics, and rigid body description and motion can be connected.

Particle mechanics including particle systems and energetics can be connected. Kinetics can be connected. Kinematics can be connected. Particle description can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 13 Apr 2016 Last updated 27 Sep 2017