This includes events of the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s.
Italy was divided among several smaller states including Austrian dominions, papal states, and the Kingdom of the Two Sicilies, and efforts for unification continued. Alexander I of Russia died and was succeeded by Nicholas I.
So far I have few details of the Ottoman empire in this period. Muhammad Ali ruled in Egypt, nominally under the Ottoman empire. The British extended the rule of the British East India company in India. The Sikh empire controlled what is now Pakistan. Trade relations with European countries became strained, as Chinese merchants would only accept silver for Chinese goods. The Japanese continued to practice isolation from Western Civilization. The Dutch introduced the Cultivation system into Indonesia.
Arabs controlled the region of Zanzibar and engaged in the slave trade.
Other periods of history including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, other modern history and the future can be used to examine the early mid 19th century.
Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social mechanics can be connected.
Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.
Nations such as Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali, Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Chad, Cuba, Belgium, Greece, Rwanda, Tunisia, Portugal, Czech Republic, Bolivia, Guinea, Burundi, Haiti can be connected.
Hispanic peoples including Hispanic Mexican American and Hispanic Colombian American peoples can be connected. Spain can be connected.
Northeast European peoples including East Slavic peoples can be connected. Poland can be connected. East Slavic peoples such as those of Russia can be connected. Russia can be connected. Alexander I died and was succeeded by Nicholas I. Ukraine can be connected.
Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian, Persian, Turkish, and North African peoples can be connected. Iraq can be connected. Egypt can be connected. Muhammad Ali ruled in Egypt, nominally under the Ottoman empire. Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected. Turkey can be connected. So far I have few details of this period. North African peoples such as those of Algeria can be connected.
Pakistan can be connected. The Sikh empire controlled what is now Pakistan.
China can be connected. Trade relations with European countries became strained, as Chinese merchants would only accept silver for Chinese goods.
Mainland Southeast Asian peoples such as those of Vietnam can be connected. Thailand can be connected. Vietnam can be connected. The Nguyen dynasty ruled Vietnam, and there was some conflict with the French.
African peoples including Eastern African, Western African, Central African, and Southen African peoples can be connected. Sudan can be connected.
Eastern African peoples including Northern East African and Central East African peoples can be connected. Uganda can be connected. Northern East African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected. Central East African peoples such as those of Tanzania can be connected. Kenya can be connected. Tanzania can be connected. Arabs controlled the region of Zanzibar and engaged in the slave trade.
West African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected. Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR can be connected. Southern African peoples such as those of South Africa can be connected.
American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian, South American Indian, and North American Indian peoples can be connected. Canada can be connected.
Middle American Indian peoples including Meso-American and Southwestern American Indian peoples can be connected. Colombia can be connected. Meso-American peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Southwestern American Indian peoples such as those of the Southwestern United States can be connected. Mexico can be connected. The southwestern United States can be connected.
South American Indian peoples including Amazonian and Andean peoples can be connected. Argentina can be connected. Andean peoples such as those of Colombia can be connected. Amazonian peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected.
Cities such as Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris, Nagoya can be examined for connection.
Asiatic cities such Tokyo, Seoul, Mumbai, Jakarta, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, and Karachi can be examined. Western Cities such as Mexico City, New York City, and Sao Paulo can be examined.
Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected.
Particular changes and movements including stone age developments, the agricultural revolution, agrarian developments, and the industrial revolution can be connected.
Stone age developments can be connected. The agricultural revolution can be connected. Agrarian developments including bronze age developments, American civilization, early iron age developments, late iron age developments, and modernization can be connected. The industrial revolution including the early industrial revolution, middle industrial revolution, and late industrial revolution can be connected.
Social change processes including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.
Social types including industrial socieites, agrarian societies, horticultural societies, and hunting and gathering societies can be connected.
Social structure including institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected. Community and regional structure can be connected. Class structure can be connected.
Religion including particular religions, religous organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected.
Particular religions including Asiatic religion and secularism can be connected. Abrahamic religion including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism can be connected. Pagan religion including European pagan religion, Asian pagan religion, African pagan religion, American Indian religion, and neopagan religion can be connected.
Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected.
Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be connected. Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be connected. Government structure including government forms, executive systems, legislative systems, judicial systems, and political parties and interest groups can be connected. Law including international law, Western law, Asian law, and tribal law can be connected.
Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be connected.
Economic systems including economic system behavior, economic system types, networks, and firms can be connected. Industries including social and medical services, commercial and financial industries, communications industries, transportation industries, building related industries, manufacturing and extraction industries, and food and agricultural industries can be connected. Economic activity including consumption, distribution and exchange, and production can be connected.
Education including school lsystems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected.
School systems including higher education, secondary education, and primary education can be connected. Educational organization including administration, faculty, students, and course material can be connected. Cultural institutions including performance venues, libraries, and museums can be connected. Teaching can be connected. Research can be connected.
Family including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.
Behavioral culture including occupations and customs can be connected. Cultural events including holidays, disasters, expeditions, awards, and gatherings can be connected. Recreation and entertainmnent including sports, games, theater, dance, and music can be connected.
Conceptual culture including applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and language can be connected. Philosophy including philosophical schools and doctrines, special topics, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, and logic can be connected.
Material culture including miscellaneous artifacts, communications technology, transportation technology, clothing and dress, foodstuffs, building technology, and industrial technology can be connected.
Particular groups such as the Royal Society can be connected. Human geography including Asian geography, European geography, African geography, North American geography, South American geography, and Oceanic geography can be connected. Human ecology including human effects on the environment, relations with other life forms, and environmental effects on people can be connected. Physical anthropology including human dispersion, racial variation, and human origins can be connected. Demography including population change, population size and structure, migration, death, and birth and fertility can be connected. Social foundations including social group behavior, social group types, social control, social interaction, and social presentation can be connected.
Pesonal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.
Biography can be connected.
Psychology including social psychology, personality, mental disorders, developmental psychology, behavior patterns, mind, and behavioral elements can be connected. The human body including form and appearance, disease, life cycle, body functions, and body systems can be connected.
Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.
Biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology can be connected. Earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology can be connected. Astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy can be connected.
Physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics can be connected. Quantum physics and relativity had not yet developed.
The structure of matter including exotic matter, common bulk matter, molecular physics, atomic physics, and subatomic physics can be connected. Electromagnetism including optics, magnetism, electric current, and electrostatics can be connected. Thermodynamics including statistical mechanics, nonclassical thermodynamics, and classical thermodynamics can be connected. Mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics can be conneced.
Created 3 Apr 2013 Last updated 21 Aug 2017