Antiquity Applied to Modern History

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be used to examine modern history. The historical legacy of the civilizations of antiquity is still important.

   

Antiquity

Antiquity can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century. It can be used to examine the 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century; the 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century.

Early 3rd millennium BC

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century; the 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 18th century, and late 17th century; the 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century, and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The early dynastic period of Egypt, the early Harappan civilization of India, and Neolithic Longshan culture of China were important background developments.

30th century BC

The 30th century BC including the early 30th century BC, early mid 30th century BC, mid 30th century BC, late mid 30th century BC, and late 30th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century. It can be used to examine the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century. It can be used to examine the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The first dynasty ruled Egypt. In Pakistan, Harappan civilization was developing. In India, Neolithic communities began to appear in the lower Ganges valley.In China, Neolithic Longshan culture was present in this period.

29th century BC

The 29th century BC including the early 29th century BC, early mid 29th century BC, mid 29th century BC, late mid 29th century BC, and late 29th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century. It can be used to examine the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The first dynasty of Egypt came to an end and the second dynasty ruled. Harappan civilization was developing in Pakistan and India. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. Neolithic Longshan culture was present in China.

28th century BC

The 28th century BC including the early 28th century BC, early mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 28th century BC, and late 28th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century. It can be used to examine the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century. It can be used to examine the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The second dynasty ruled Egypt. In India, The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. Harappan civilization was developing. In China, Neolithic Longshan culture was present.

27th century BC

The 27th century BC including the early 27th century BC, early mid 27th century BC, mid 27th century BC, late mid 27th century BC, and late 27th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. In Egypt, the second dynasty gave way to the third dynasty, and the Old Kingdom is considered to have begun. In India, the early Indus valley civilization can be identified. In Pakistan, Harappan civilization was developing. In China, Neolithic Longshan culture was present.

26th century BC

The 26th century including the early 26th century BC, early mid 26th century BC, mid 26th century BC, late mid 26th century BC, and late 26th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The Fourth dynasty ruled Egypt, and the Pyramids were build during this century. In Pakistan and India, the Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present.

Late 3rd millennium BC

The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, 17th century; 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The old Kingdom of Egypt; Hattian and Hurrian peoples of Turkey, Elamite civilization of Persia; the later Harappan civilization of Pakistan and India, and the legendary Xian dynasty of China were important background developments.

25th century BC

The 25th century BC including the early 25th century BC, early mid 25th century BC, mid 25th century BC, late mid 25th century BC, and late 25th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century; the 19th including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th centruy, and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 5th dynasty of Egypt, the Harappan civilization of Pakistan and India, and the neolithic Longshan culture of China were important developments.

24th century BC

The 24th century BC including the early 24th century BC, early mid 24th century BC, mid 24th century BC, late mid 24th century BC, and late 24th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century, the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 5th and 6th dynasties of Egypt, the Harappan civilization of Pakistan and India, and the neolithic Longshan culture of China were important developments.

23rd century BC

The 23rd century BC including the early 23rd century BC, early mid 23rd century BC, mid 23rd century BC, late mid 23rd century BC, and late 23rd century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 6th dynasty ruled Egypt. The Harappan civilization in Pakistan and India was at its height. Neolithic Longshan culture was present in China.

22nd century BC

The 22nd century BC including the early 22nd century BC, early mid 22nd century BC, mid 22nd century BC, late mid 22nd century BC, and late 22nd century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. In Egypt, the 6th dynasty and the Old Kingdom ended, the first intermediate period began, and the 7th, 8th, 9th, 10th, and 11th dynasties arose. In Pakistan and India, the Harappan civilization had reached maturity. Neolithic Longshan culture was present in China.

21st century BC

The 21s century BC including the early 21st century BC, early mid 21st century BC, mid 21st century BC, late mid 21st century BC, and late 21st century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. Egypt was reunified under the 11th dynasty, beginning its Middle Kingdom. In Pakistan and India, the Harappan civilization had reached maturity. Chinese legend indicates that the Xia dynasty arose during this period.

Early 2nd millennium BC

The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, 16th century BC, and 15th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century; the 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century; the 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. Most of the Middle Kingdom of Egypt and the second Intermediate period occupied this period. Indo-European speaking peoples entered Turkey and Persia. The Harappan civilization of India and Pakistan collapsed and iron age Vedic civilization began to form in its place. The Shang dynasty of China arose.

20th century BC

The 20th century BC including the early 20th century BC, early mid 20th century BC, mid 20th century BC, late mid 20th century BC, and late 20th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century CE, 17 century CE, and 18th century CE; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, and late 20th century. In Egypt, the 11th dynasty ended and the 12th dynasty began. In Pakistan and India, the Harappan civilization had reached maturity. It is claimed that the Xia dynasty existed in China.

19th century BC

The 19th century BC including the early 19th century BC, early mid 19th century BC, mid 19th century BC, late mid 19th century BC, and late 19th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century CE, 17th century CE, and 18th century CE; the 19th century CE including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century CE including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 12th dynasty ruled Egypt. In Pakistan and India, the Harappan civilization was in decline. It is claimed that the Xia dynasty existed in China.

18th century BC

The 18th century BC including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century BC can be used to examine the 16th centrury, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 13th and 14th dynasties ruled Egypt. In what are now Pakistan and India, cities of the Harappan civilization were abandoned. It is believed that Indo-European speaking Aryan peoples were moving into the region, and iron age Vedic culture began to develop. It is claimed that the Xia dynasty existed in China.

17th century BC

The 17th century BC including the early 17th century BC, early mid 17th century BC, mid 17th century BC, late mid 17th century BC, and late 17th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century CE including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century CE including the early 20th century CE, early mid 20th century CE, mid 20th century CE, late mid 20th century CE, late 20th century CE, and early 21st century CE. The 13th and 14th dynasties of Egypt ended and with them the middle Kingdom Egypt. The 2nd intermediate period, and the 15 dynasty, the Hyksos. It is believed that Indo-European speaking Aryan peoples were moving into what is now Pakistan and India. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. It is claimed that the Xia dynasty of China existed during this period.

16th century BC

The 16th century BC including the early 16th century BC, early mid 16th century BC, mid 16th century BC, late mid 16th century BC, and late 16th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century CE including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century CE including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 16th and 17th dynasties ruled Egypt. The second Intermediate period ended and the New Kingdom of Egypt arose with the 18th dnasty. In Pakistan and India, Indo-European speaking Aryan peoples were mofing in, and Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. In China, it is believed that the Shang dynasty arose during this period.

Late 2nd millennium BC

The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century; the 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century; the 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The New Kingdom of Egypt; the Hittites and later, the Assyrians; the Persian, Median, and Parthian tribes; the later Vedic civilization of India and Pakistan; and the Shang and Zhou dynasties of China were important background developments.

15th century BC

The 15th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 15th century BC, mid 15th century BC, late mid 15th century BC, and late 15th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 18th dynasty of Egypt ruled. In Pakistan and India, Iron age Vedic culture was developing. The Shang dynasty ruled China.

14th century BC

The 14th century BC including the early 14th century, early mid 14th century, mid 14th century, late mid 14th century, and late 14th century can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 18th dynasty of Egypt ruled. In Pakistan and India, Vedic culture was developing. The Shang dynasty ruled China.

13th century BC

The 13th century BC including the early 13th century BC, early mid 13th century BC, mid 13th century BC, late mid 13th century BC, and late 14th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 18th dynasty of Egypt ended and the 19th dynasty began. Many of the best-known Pharaohs belong to this period. In Pakistan and Indian, Iron age Vedic culture was developing. The Shang dynasty ruled China.

12th century BC

The 12th century BC including the early 12th century BC, early mid 12th century BC, mid 12th century BC, late mid 12th century BC, and late 12th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 19th dynasty of Egypt was succceeded by the 20th dynasty. The Kuru kingdom can be identified in India. Vedic civilization was forming in Pakistan. The Shang dynasty ruled China.

11th century BC

The 11th century BC including the early 11th century BC, early mid 11th century BC, mid 11th century BC, late mid 11th century BC, and late 11th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 20th dynasty of Egypt and the New Kingdom came to an end, and the third Intermediate period and 21st dynasty began. The Kuru and Videha kingdoms of India are mentioned. Vedic Civilization was present in Pakistan. The Zhou dynasty succeeded the Shang dynasty of China.

Early 1st millennium BC

The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century; the 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century; the 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The third intermediate period of Egypt; Phrygians, Lydians, Carians, and Lycians of Turkey; the Assyrians, Medes and Persians became important, and the Achaemenid Persian Empire; the later Vedic civilization of India; and the Zhou dynasty and Warring States period of China were important background developments.

10th century BC

The 10th century BC including the early 10th century BC, early mid 10th century BC, mid 10th century BC, late mid 10th century BC, and late 10th century BC can be used to examine the 16th centurym 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 21st dynasty of Egypt failed and the 22nd dynasty was established. In India and Pakistan, the Kuru, Panchala, and Videha kingdoms are mentioned. The Zhou dynasty ruled China.

9th century BC

The 9th century including the early 9th century BC, early mid 9th century BC, mid 9th century BC, late mid 9th century BC, and late 9th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 22nd and 23rd dynasties ruled Egypt. In India and Pakistan, the kingdoms of Kuru, Panchala and Videha are mentioned. The Zhou dynasty ruled China.

8th century BC

The 8th century BC including the early 8th century BC, early mid 8th century BC, mid 8th century BC, late mid 8th century BC, and late 8th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 23rd, 24th, and early 25th dynasties ruled in Egypt. In Pakistan, the Kuru kingdom is mentioned. In India, the Panchala and Videha kingdoms are mentioned. In China, the "Spring and Autumn" period of the Zhou dynasty began.

7th century BC

The 7th century BC including the early 7th century BC, early mid 7th century BC, mid 7th century BC, late mid 7th century BC, and late 7th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century; the 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. The 25th dynasty and 26th dynasty ruled in Egypt. In India, a process of urbanization began and some of the works known as the Upanashids were written. In Pakistan, the Kuru kingdom is mentioned. The "Spring and Autumn" period of the Zhou dynasty in China continued.

6th century BC

The 6th century BC including the early 6th century BC, early mid 6th century BC, mid 6th century BC, late mid 6th century BC, and late 6th century BC can be used to examine the 16th century, 17th century, and 18th century, the 19th century including the early 19th century, the early mid 19th century, the mid 19th century, the late mid 19th century, and the late 19th century; and the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century. Egypt and part of Pakistan were conquered by the Achaemenid Persian empire. In India, A process of urbanization continued, and some of the works known as the Upanashids were written. The "Spring and Autumn" period of the Zhou dynasty in China continued.

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Created 23 Oct 2017 Last updated 14 Nov 2017