Pliocene Prehistory

5.322 million years to 2.588 million years BP. Stone tools and remains classified as Paranthropus and Australopithecus can be identified from this period.

   

Other history

Other history including other prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history can be used to examine Pleistocene prehistory. This period was not distinguished from antiquity until modern times, and most discussion of it was speculative, mythological or religious.

Other prehistory including other early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be connected. Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected. Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be connected.

Modern history

Modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be connected. Little was known about this period in early modern times. Serious examination of Pliocene prehistory began in the 19th century and expanded throughout the 20th century.

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. Humans were included in biological classifications.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected. The earliest discoveries of fossilized human remains and stone tools dating to this period were made.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. In the 1820s to 1850s, the terms for geological time units were adopted. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected. Most discoveries of fossilized human remains and stone tools dating to Pliocene times were made in the 20th century.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. The first skeleton recognized as Australopithecus was found in South Africa in 1924. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected. More remains recognized as Australopithecus were found in Tanzania and South Africa. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. More remains recognized as Australopithecus were found in parts of Africa. The most famous of these, "Lucy", was discovered in 1974.

The late 20th century including the early 1980s and late 1980s can be connected. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1993, and 1995 can be connected. Remains classified as Ardipithecus were found in Ethiopia beginning in 1992. The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 can be connected. Other remains classified as Australopithecus were found in South Africa in 1997.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected. Various discoveries have been made, chiefly in Africa.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected. The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. Other fossils classified as Autralopithecus sediba were found in 2007.

The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, and 2014 can be connected. 2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.

The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected. 2016 including the first quarter 2016, second quarter 2016, third quarter 2016, and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

Sociology

Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social mechanics can be used to examine Pliocene prehistory.

Peoples of the world

Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Nations such as South Africa, South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali, Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Chad, Cuba, Belgium, Greece, Rwanda, Tunisia, Portugal, Czech Republic, Bolivia, Guinea, Burundi, Haiti, Hungary, Somalia, Sweden, Belarus, Dominican Republic, Azerbaijan, Benin, Austria, Honduras, United Arab Emirates, South Sudan, Switzerland, Israel, Tajikistan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hong Kong, Papua New Guinea, Libya, Paraguay, Jordan, Laos, El Salvador, Togo, Nicaragua, Eritrea, Denmark, Kyrgystan, Slovakia, Finland, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Turkmenistan, Norway, Central African Republic, Ireland, and Georgia can be examined for connection.

African peoples including Eastern African peoples can be connected. Congo DR can be connected. Western African peoples such as those of Nigeria are not presently connected. Eastern African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected.

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern, South Asian, Oriental peoples, and Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples are not connected. It is not thought that regions later occupied by Asiatic peoples were inhabited during this period. Thailand is not connected.

Middle Eastern people such as Egyptian and Persian peoples are not connected. Turkey is not connected. Egypt is not connected. Persian peoples such as those of Iran are not connected.

South Asian peoples are not connected. India, Pakistan and Bangladesh are thought to have been uninhabited.

Oriental peoples are not connected. China and Japan are thought to have been uninhabited during this period.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Southeast Asian Island peoples are not connected. Vietnam is not thought to have been inhabited. Southeast Asian Island peoples are not connected. It is not believed that hominids inhabited Indonesia or the Philippines during this period.

European peoples are not connected. Italy is not connected. It is not thought that regions later occupied by Latin peoples such as those of France, Germanic peoples such as those of Germany, Anglic peoples such as those of the United Kingdom, or Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia were were inhabited during this period.

American Indian peoples are not connected. Mexico is not connected. It is not thought that regions occupied by North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States, Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the southwestern United States, or South American Indian peoples such as those of Brazil were inhabited during this period.

Communities

Cities such as Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris, Nagoya, Lima, Chicago, Kinshasa, Tianjin, Chennai, Bengaluru, London, Saigon, Donguan, Hyderabad, Chengdu, Lahore, Jonannesburg, Tehran, Essen, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Wuhan, Ahmedabad, Chongqing, Baghdad, Hangzhou, Toronto, Kuala Lumpur, Santiago, Dallas, San Francisco, Quanzhou, Miami, Shenyang, Belo Horizonte, Philadelphia, Nanjing, Madrid, Houston, Xian, Milan can be examined for connections.

World cities can be considered. Tokyo had not yet been founded. Seoul had not yet been founded. Mumbai had not yet been founded. Jakarta had not yet been founded. Mexico City had not yet been founded. New York City had not yet been founded.

Social mechanics

Social mechanics including social change, social types, and social structure can be connected. Social mechanics are thought to have been rudimentary.

Social change

Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected.

Particular changes and movements including stone age developments can be connected. The agricultural revolution, agrarian developments and the industrial revolution had not yet begun. Social change factors including institutional change, cultural change, demographic change, and natural change can be connected. Social change processes including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.

Social types

Social types including hunting and gathering societies can be connected. Industrial societies, agrarian societies, and horticultural societies had not yet developed. Hunting and gathering society can be connected.

Social structure including class structure, institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected. Community and regional structure can be connected.

Institutions

Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and family studies can be connected. Much of this had not yet developed, but later developments can be applied.

Religion

Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected. Much of this had not yet developed, but later developments can be applied.

Particular religions including Pagan religion, Abrahamic religion, Asiatic religion, and secularism can be connected. Religious organization can be connected. Religious practice can be connected. Religious belief can be connected.

Government including government structure and law can be connected. Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be connected. Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be connected.

Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be connected. Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected. Family studies including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.

Culture

Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected.

Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be connected. Much of this had not yet developed, but later developments can be applied. Conceptual culture including philosophy, applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and language can be connected. Much of this had not yet developed, but later developments can be applied. Material culture including miscellaneous artifacts, communications technology, transportation technology, clothing and dress, foodstuffs, building technology, and industrial technology can be connected. Most of these areas had not yet developed.

Anthropology

Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Particular groups can be connected. Human geography including African geography, Asian geography, European geography, North American geography, South American geography, and Oceanic geography can be connected. Human ecology including human effects on the environment, relations with other life forms, and environmental effects on people can be connected. Physical anthropology including human dispersion, racial variation, and human origins can be connected. Demography including population change, population size and structure, migration, death, and birth and fertility can be connected. Social foundations including social group behavior, social group types, social control, social interaction, and social presentation can be connected.

Personal studies

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.

Biography is not connected. Psychology including social psychology, personality, mental disorders, developmental psychology, behavior patterns, mind, and behavioral elements can be connected. The human body including form and appearance, disease, life cycle, body functions, and body systems can be connected.

Science

Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.

Biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology can be connected. Earth Science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology can be connected. Astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy can be connected. Chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances can be connected. Physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics can be connected.


Created 26 Feb 2015 Last updated 12 Feb 2018