History of Astronomy

History including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be used to examine astronomy

   

History

History can be used to examine galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy.

Prehistory

Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be used to examine stellar astronomy and local astronomy. Although there were undoubtedly astronomical observations in prehistory, there were few records kept.

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected. Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millenium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be used to examine stellar astronomy and local astronomy. Astronomy was often entangled with religion by various civilizations.

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC and 29th century BC can be connected. The 28th century BC including the early 28th century BC, early mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 28th century BC, and late 28th century BC can be connected. The 27th century BC including the early 27th century BC, early mid 27th century BC, mid 27th century BC, late mid 27th century BC, and late 27th century BC can be connected. The 26th century BC including the early 26th century BC, early mid 26th century BC, mid 26th century BC, late mid 26th century BC, and late 26th century BC can be connected.

Late 3rd millennium BC

The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected.

The 25th century BC including the early 25th century BC, early mid 25th century BC, mid 25th century BC, late mid 25th century BC, and late 25th century BC can be connected. The 24th century BC including the early 24th century BC, early mid 24th century BC, mid 24th century BC, late mid 24th century BC, and late 24th century BC can be connected. The 23rd century BC including the early 23rd century BC, early mid 23rd century BC, mid 23rd century BC, late mid 23rd century BC, and late 23rd century BC can be connected. The 22nd century BC including the early 22nd century BC, early mid 22nd century BC, mid 22nd century BC, late mid 22nd century BC, and late 22nd century BC can be connected. The 21st century BC including the early 21st century BC, early mid 21st century BC, mid 21st century BC, late mid 21st century BC, and late 21st century BC can be connected.

Early 2nd millennium BC

The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected.

The 20th century BC including the early 20th century BC, early mid 20th century BC, mid 20th century BC, late mid 20th century BC, and late 20th century BC can be connected. The 19th century BC including the early 19th century BC, early mid 19th century BC, mid 19th century BC, late mid 19th century BC, and late 19th century BC can be connected. The 18th century BC including the early 18th century BC, early mid 18th century BC, mid 18th century BC, late mid 18th century BC, and late 18th century BC can be connected. The 17th century BC including the early 17th century BC, early mid 17th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 17th century BC, and late 17th century BC can be connected. The 16th century BC including the early 16th century BC, early mid 16th century BC, mid 16th century BC, late mid 16th century BC, and late 16th century C BC can be connected.

Late 2nd millennium BC

The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected.

The 15th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 15th century BC, mid 15th century BC, late mid 15th century BC, and late 15th century BC can be connected. The 14th century BC including the early 14th century BC, early mid 14th century BC, mid 14th century BC, late mid 14th century BC, and late 14th century BC can be connected. The 13th century BC including the early 13th century BC, early mid 13th century BC, mid 13th century BC, late mid 13th century BC, and late 13th century BC can be connected. The 12th century BC including the early 12th century BC, early mid 12th century Bc, mid 12th century BC, late mid 12th century BC, and late 12th century BC can be connected. The 11th century BC including the early 11th century BC, early mid 11th century BC, the mid 11th century BC, late mid 11th century BC, and late 11th century BC can be connected.

Early 1st millennium BC

The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected.

The 10th century BC including the early 10th century BC, early mid 10th century BC, mid 10th century BC, late mid 10th century BC, and late 10th century BC can be connected. The 9th century BC including the early 9th century BC, early mid 9th century BC, mid 9th century BC, late mid 9th century BC, and late 9th century BC can be connected. The 8th century BC including the early 8th century BC, early mid 8th century BC, mid 8th century BC, late mid 8th century BC, and late 8th century BC can be connected. The 7th century BC including the early 7th century BC, early mid 7th century BC, mid 7th century BC, late mid 7th century BC, and late 7th century BC can be connected. The 6th century BC including the early 6th century BC, early mid 6th century BC, mid 6th century BC, late mid 6th century BC, and late 6th century BC can be connected.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be used to examine stellar astronomy and local astronomy. Various classical and Islamic scholars wrote on astronomy.

Early classical history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected.

The 5th century BC including the early 5th century BC, early mid 5th century BC, mid 5th century BC, late mid 5th century BC, and late 5th century BC can be connected. The 4th century BC including the early 4th century BC, early mid 4th century BC, mid 4th century BC, late mid 4th century BC, and late 4th century BC can be connected. The 3rd century BC including the early 3rd century BC, early mid 3rd century BC, mid 3rd century BC, late mid 3rd century BC, and late 3rd century BC can be connected. The 2nd century BC including the early 2nd century BC, early mid 2nd century BC, mid 2nd century BC, late mid 2nd century BC, and late 2nd century BC can be connected. The 1st century BC including the early 1st century BC, early mid 1st century BC, mid 1st century BC, late mid 1st century BC, and late 1st century BC can be connected.

Late classical history

Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected.

The 1st century CE including the early 1st century CE, early mid 1st century CE, mid 1st century CE, late mid 1st century CE, and late 1st century CE can be connected. The 2nd century CE including the early 2nd century CE, early mid 2nd century CE, mid 2nd century CE, late mid 2nd century CE, and late 2nd century CE can be connected. The 3rd century CE including the early 3rd century CE, early mid 3rd century CE, mid 3rd century CE, late mid 3rd century CE, and late 3rd century CE can be connected. The 4th century CE including the early 4th century CE, early mid 4th century CE, mid 4th century CE, late mid 4th century CE, and late 4th century CE can be connected. The 5th century CE including the early 5th century CE, early mid 5th century CE, mid 5th century CE, late mid 5th century CE, and late 5th century CE can be connected.

Early medieval history

Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected.

The 6th century CE including the early 6th century CE, early mid 6th century CE, mid 6th century CE, late mid 6th century CE, and late 6th century CE can be connected. The 7th century CE including the early 7th century CE, early mid 7th century CE, mid 7th century CE, late mid 7th century CE, and late 7th century CE can be connected. The 8th century CE including the early 8th century CE, early mid 8th century CE, mid 8th century CE, late mid 8th century CE, and late 8th century CE can be connected. The 9th century CE including the early 9th century CE, early mid 9th century CE, mid 9th century CE, late mid 9th century CE, and late 9th century CE can be connected. The 10th century CE including the early 10th century CE, early mid 10th century CE, mid 10th century CE, late mid 10th century CE, and late 10th century CE can be connected.

Late medieval history

Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected.

The 11th century CE including the early 11th century CE, early mid 11th century CE, mid 11th century CE, late mid 11th century CE, and late 11th century CE can be connected. The 12th century CE including the early 12th century CE, early mid 12th century CE, mid 12th century CE, late mid 12th century CE, and late 12th century CE can be connected. The 13th century CE including the early 13th century CE, early mid 13th century CE, mid 13th century CE, late mid 13th century CE, and late 13th century CE can be connected. The 14th century CE including the early 14th century CE, early mid 14th century CE, mid 14th century CE, late mid 14th century CE, and late 14th century CE can be connected. The 15th century CE including the early 15th century CE, early mid 15th century CE, mid 15th century CE, late mid 15th century CE, and late 15th century CE can be connected.

Modern history

Modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be used to examine galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy. Tremendous advances took place in the understanding of astronomy in modern times.

16th century

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The scientific revolution began with the development of a heliocentric (sun-centered) theory of local astronomy.

The early 16th century including the early 1500s, late 1500s, early 1510s, and late 1510s can be connected. In about 1514, Nicholas Copernicus wrote a short tract named the Commentariolus outlining his theories about planetary motion, which he did not publish. The early mid 16th century including the early 1520s, late 1520s, early 1530s, and late 1530s can be connecte. Copernicus continued work in astronomy. The mid 16th century including the early 1540s, late 1540s, early 1550s, and late 1550s can be connected. In 1543, Copernicus published his major work, "De Revolutionibus Orbium Coelestium" describing a heliocentric (sun-centered) theory of local astronomy. The late mid 16th century including the early 1560s, late 1560s, early 1570s, and late 1570s can be connected. Tycho Brahe identified a new star, a supernova. The late 16th century including the early 1580s, late 1580s, early 1590s, and late 1590s can be connected. Tycho continued work in astronomy.

17th century

The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, late 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The work of Galileo in helping establish the helicentric theory of astronomy, the astronomical discoveries of Newton, and the invention of the telescope also advanced astronomy.

The early 17th century including the early 1600s, late 1600s, early 1610s, and late 1610s can be connected. Johannes Kepler proposed his laws of planetary motion. Galileo used a telescope and discovered sunspots, the phases of Venus, craters on the moon, and the moons of Jupiter, and that the Milky Way was composed of stars. The early mid 17th century including the early 1620s, late 1620s, early 1630s, and late 1630s can be connected. The mid 17th century including the early 1640s, late 1640s, early 1650s, and late 1650s can be connected. Christian Huygens observed Saturn's rings and discovered its latest moon Titan. Giovanni Domenic Cassini did similar studies. The late mid 17th century including the early 1660s, late 1660s, early 1670s, and late 1670s can be connected. Cassini established an observatory in France. The late 17th century including the early 1680s, late 1680s, early 1690s, and late 1690s can be connected. Newton published his theory of gravitation.

18th century

The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be used to examine galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy. Telescopic observations improved.

The early 18th century including the early 1700s, late 1700s, early 1710s, and late 1710s can be connected. The early mid 18th century including the early 1720s, late 1720s, early 1730s, and late 1730s can be connected. The mid 18th century including the early 1740s, late 1740s, early 1750s, and late 1750s can be connected. The late mid 18th century including the early 1760s, late 1760s, early 1770s, and late 1770s can be connected. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be used to examine galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy. More telescopic observations were accumulated.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1850s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, and early 1910s can be connected. The late 1910s including 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, and 1920 can be connected.

Early mid 20th century

The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected.

The early 1920s including 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, and 1925 can be connected. The late 1920s including 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930 can be connected. The early 1930s including 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 can be connected. The late 1930s including 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940 can be connected.

Mid 20th century

The mid century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected.

The early 1940s including 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 can be connected. The late 1940s including 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, and 1950 can be connected. The early 1950s including 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, and 1955 can be connected. The late 1950s including 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and 1960 can be connected.

Late mid 20th century

The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected.

The early 1960s including 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. The late 1960s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected. The early 1970s including 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. The late 1970s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected.

Late 20th century

The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected.

The early 1980s including 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985 can be connected. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 can be connected.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected.

The late 2000s including 2006 can be connected. 2007 including the first quarter 2007, second quarter 2007, third quarter 2007, and fourth quarter 2007 can be connected. 2008 including the first quarter 2008, second quarter 2008, third quarter 2008, and fourth quarter 2008 can be connected. 2009 including the first quarter 2009, second quarter 2009, third quarter 2009, and fourth quarter 2009 can be connected. 2010 including the first quarter 2010, second quarter 2010, third quarter 2010, and fourth quarter 2010 can be connected.

Early 2010s

2011 including the first quarter 2011, second quarter 2011, third quarter 2011, and fourth quarter 2011 can be connected. 2012 including the first quarter 2012, second quarter 2012, third quarter 2012, and fourth quarter 2012 can be connected.

2013 including the first quarter 2013, second quarter 2013, and third quarter 2013 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2013 including October 2013, and November 2013 can be connected. December 2013 including 2013 week 39, 2013 week 40, 2013 week 41, 2013 week 42, and 2013 week 43 can be connected.

2014 can be connected. The first quarter 2014 can be connected. January 2014 including 2014 week 1, 2014 week 2, 2014 week 3, 2014 week 4, and 2014 week 5 can be connected. February 2014 including 2014 week 5, 2014 week 6, 2014 week 7, 2014 week 8, and 2014 week 9 can be connected. March 2014 can be connected. The second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected.

2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected.

2016 including the first quarter 2016 and second quarter 2016 can be connected.

The second quarter 2016 including April 2016 can be connected. the third quarter 2016 and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

2017 including the first quarter 2017 and second quarter 2017 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 3 Mar 2017 Last updated 18 Sep 2017