History of Physics

History including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be used to examine physics.

   

History

History can be used to examine the structure of matter, relativity, quantum theory, electromagnetism, thermodynamics; and mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics

Prehistory

Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be used to examine physics, although there are few developments known from this period.

Early prehistory

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected.

Pliocene prehistory can be connected. Early Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Early mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected.

Middle prehistory

Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected.

The 5th decamillennium BP including the early 5th decamillennium BP, early mid 5th decamillennium BP, mid 5th decamillennium BP, late mid 5th decamillennium BP, and late 5th decamillennium BP can be connected. The 4th decamillennium BP including the early 4th decamillennium BP, early mid 4th decamillennium BP, mid 4th decamillennium BP, late mid 4th decamillennium BP, and late 4th decamillennium BP can be connected. The 3rd decamillennium BP including the early 3rd decamillennium BP, early mid 3rd decamillennium BP, mid 3rd decamillennium BP, late mid 3rd decamillennium BP, and late 3rd decamillennium BP can be connected. The 2nd decamillennium BP including the early 2nd decamillennium BP, early mid 2nd decamillennium BP, mid 2nd decamillennium BP, late mid 2nd decamillennium BP, and late 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected.

Late prehistory

Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected.

The 8th millennium BC including the early 8th millennium BC, early mid 8th millennium BC, mid 8th millennium BC, late mid 8th millennium BC, and late 8th millennium BC can be connected. The 7th millennium BC including the early 7th millennium BC, early mid 7th millennium BC, mid 7th millennium BC, late mid 7th millennium BC, and late 7th millennium BC can be connected. The 6th millennium BC including the early 6th millennium BC, early mid 6th millennium BC, mid 6th millennium BC, late mid 6th millennium BC, and late 6th millennium BC can be connected. The 5th millennium BC including the early 5th decamillennium BC, early mid 5th decamillennium BC, mid 5th decamillennium BC, late mid 5th decamillennium BC, and late 5th decamillennium BC can be connected. The 4th millennium BC including the early 4th millennium BC, early mid 4th millennium BC, mid 4th millennium BC, late mid 4th millennium BC, and late 4th millennium BC can be connected.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected.

Early 3rd millennium BC

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected.

The 30th century BC including the early 30th century BC, early mid 30th century BC, mid 30th century BC, late mid 30th century BC, and late 30th century BC can be connected. The 29th century BC including the early 29th century BC, early mid 29th century BC, mid 29th century BC, late mid 29th century BC, and late 29th century BC can be connected. The 28th century BC including the early 28th century BC, early mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 28th century BC, and late 28th century BC can be connected. The 27th century BC including the early 27th century BC, early mid 27th century BC, mid 27th century Bc, late mid 27th century BC, and late 27th century BC can be connected. The 26th century BC including the early 26th century BC, early mid 26th century BC, mid 26th century BC, late mid 26th century BC, and late 26th century BC can be connected.

Late 3rd millennium BC

The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected.

The 25th century BC including the early 25th century BC, early mid 25th century BC, mid 25th century BC, late mid 25th BC, and late 25th century BC can be connected. The 24th century BC including the early 24th century BC, early mid 24th century BC, mid 24th century BC, late mid 24th century BC, and late 24th century BC can be connected. The 23rd century BC including the early 23rd century BC, early mid 23rd century BC, mid 23rd century BC, late mid 23rd century BC, and late 23rd century BC can be connected. The 22nd century BC including the early 22nd century BC, early mid 22nd century BC, mid 22nd century BC, late mid 22nd century BC, and late 22nd century BC can be connected. The 21st century BC including the early 21st century, early mid 21st century, mid 21st century BC, late mid 21st century BC, and late 21st century BC can be connected.

Early 2nd millennium BC

The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected.

The 20th century BC including the early 20th century BC, early mid 20th century BC, mid 20th century BC, late mid 20th century BC, and late 20th century BC can be connected. The 19th century BC including the early 19th century BC, early mid 19th century BC, mid 19th century BC, late mid 19th century BC, and late 19th century BC can be connected. The 18th century BC including the early 18th century BC, early mid 18th century BC, mid 18th century BC, late mid 18th century BC, and late 18th century BC can be connected. The 17th century BC including the early 17th century BC, early mid 17th century BC, mid 17th century BC, late mid 17th century BC, and late 17th century BC can be connected. The 16th century BC including the early 16th century BC, early mid 16th century BC, mid 16th cenury BC, late mid 16th century BC, and late 16th century BC can be connected.

Late 2nd millennium BC

The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected.

The 15th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 15th century BC, mid 15th century BC, late mid 15th century BC, and late 15th century BC can be connected. The 14th century BC including the early 14th century BC, early mid 14th century BC, mid 14th century BC, late mid 14th century BC, and late 14th century BC can be connected. The 13th century BC including the early 13th century BC, early mid 13th century BC, mid 13th century BC, late mid 13th cenury BC, and late 13th century BC can be connected. The 12th century BC including the early 12th century BC, early mid 12th century BC, mid 12th century BC, late mid 12th century BC, and late 12th century BC can be connected. The 11th century BC including the early 11th century BC, early mid 11th century BC, mid 11th century BC, late mid 11th century BC, and late 11th century BC can be connected.

Early 1st millennium BC

The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected.

The 10th century BC including the early 10th century BC, early mid 10th century BC, mid 10th century BC, late mid 10th century BC, and late 10th century BC can be connected. The 9th century BC including the early 9th century BC, early mid 9th century BC, mid 9th century BC, late mid 9th century BC, and late 9th century BC can be connected. The 8th century BC including the early 8th century BC, early mid 8th century BC, mid 8th century BC, late mid 8th century BC, and late 8th century BC can be connected. The 7th century BC including the early 7th century BC, early mid 7th century BC, mid 7th century BC, late mid 7th century BC, and late 7th century BC can be connected. The 6th century BC including the early 6th century BC, early mid 6th century BC, mid 6th century BC, late mid 6th century BC, and late 6th century BC can be connected.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be used to examine the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mecahnics. There were observations by Greeks and medieval Islamic scolars in these areas.

Early classical history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected.

The 5th century BC including the early 5th century BC, early mid 5th century BC, mid 5th century BC, late mid 5th century BC, and late 5th century BC can be connected. The 4th century BC including the early 4th century BC, early mid 4th century BC, mid 4th century BC, late mid 4th century BC, and late 4th century BC can be connected. The 3rd century BC including the early 3rd century BC, early mid 3rd century Bc, mid 3rd century BC, late mid 3rd century BC, and late 3rd century BC can be connected. The 2nd century BC including the early 2nd century BC, early mid 2nd century BC, mid 2nd century BC, late mid 2nd century BC, and late 2nd century BC can be connected. The 1st century BC including the early 1st century BC, early mid 1st century BC, mid 1st century BC, late mid 1st century BC, and late 1st century BC can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed.

Late classical history

Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected.

The 1st century CE including the early 1st century CE, early mid 1st century CE, mid 1st century CE, late mid 1st century CE, and late 1st century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 2nd century CE including the early 2nd century CE, early mid 2nd century CE, mid 2nd century CE, late mid 2nd century CE, and late 2nd century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 3rd century CE including the early 3rd century CE, early mid 3rd century CE, mid 3rd century CE, late mid 3rd century CE, and late 3rd century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 4th century CE including the early 4th century CE, early mid 4th century CE, mid 4th century CE, late mid 4th century CE, and late 4th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 5th century CE including the early 5th century CE, early mid 5th century CE, mid 5th century CE, late mid 5th century CE, and late 5th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed.

Early medieval history

Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected.

The 6th century CE including the early 6th century CE, early mid 6th ccentury CE, mid 6th century CE, late mid 6th century CE, and late 6th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 7th century CE including the early 7th century CE, early mid 7th century CE, mid 7th century CE, late mid 7th century CE, and late 7th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 8th century CE including the early 8th century CE, early mid 8th century CE, mid 8th century CE, late mid 8th century CE, and late 8th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 9th century CE including the early 9th century CE, early mid 9th century CE, mid 9th century CE, late mid 9th century CE, and late 9th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 10th century CE including the early 10th century CE, early mid 10th century CE, mid 10th century CE, late mid 10th century CE, and late 10th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed.

Late medieval history

Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected.

The 11th century CE including the early 11th century CE, early mid 11th century CE, mid 11th century CE, late mid 11th century CE, and late 11th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 12th century CE including the early 12th century CE, early mid 12th century CE, mid 12th century CE, late mid 12th century CE, and late 12th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 13th century CE including the early 13th century CE, early mid 13th century CE, mid 13th century CE, late mid 13th century CE, and late 13th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 14th century CE including the early 14th century CE, early mid 14th century CE, mid 14th century CE, late mid 14th century CE, and late 14th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed. The 15th century including the early 15th century CE, early mid 15th century CE, mid 15th century CE, late mid 15th century CE, and late 15th century CE can be connected. Aristotelian physics prevailed.

Modern history

Modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be used to examine the structure of matter, relativity, quantum theory, electromagnetism, thermodynamics; and mechanics includin gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics. The scientific revolution beginning in this period resulted in significant advances in physics.

16th century

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be used to examine the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The early 16th century including the early 1500s, late 1500s, early 1510s, and late 1510s can be connected. Aristotelian mechanics prevailed. The early mid 16th century including the early 1520s, late 1520s, early 1530s, and late 1530s can be connected. Aristotelian mechanics prevailed. The mid 16th century including the early 1540s, late 1540s, early 1550s, and late 1550s can be connected. Aristotelian mechanics generally prevailed. The late mid 16th century including the early 1560s, late 1560s, early 1560s, and late 1570s can be connected. Aristotelian mechanics generally prevailed. The late 16th century including the early 1580s, late 1580s, early 1590s, and late 1590s can be connected. Galileo invented a thermoscope and a hydrostatic balance. In 1600 William Gilbert published De Magnete, Magneticisque Corporibus, et de Magno Magnete Tellure (On the Magnet, Magnetic bodies, and that Great Magnet the Earth).

17th century

The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected.

The early 17th century including the early 1600s, late 1600s, early 1610s, and late 1610s can be connected. Galileo continued working in physics. Descartes began working in mathematics as applied to physics. The early mid 17th century including the early 1620s, late 1620s, early 1630s, and late 1630s can be connected. Descartes continued work in mathematics and philosophy. Galileo continued to work in physics. The mid 17th century including the early 1640s, late 1640s, early 1650s, and late 1650s can be connected. The late mid 17th century including the early 1660s, late 1660s, early 1670s, and late 1670s can be connected. Descartes had an important influence on physics. The late 17th century including the early 1680s, late 1680s, early 1690s, and late 1690s can be connected. Newton published his "Principia Mathematica" which revolutionized the science of mechanics.

18th century

The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected.

The early 18th century including the early 1700s, late 1700s, early 1710s, and late 1710s can be connected. Newton continued to work in physics. The early mid 18th century including the early 1720s, late 1720s, early 1730s, and late 1730s can be connected. The mid 18th century including the early 1740s, late 1740s, early 1750s, and late 1750s can be connected. The late mid 18th century including the early 1760s, late 1760s, early 1770s, and late 1770s can be connected. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, lae 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. Dalton published his atomic theory of chemistry. Michael Faraday began working with electricity and chemistry. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. Faraday continued to work in chemistry and electricity. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. Faraday and Maxwell did work with electricity and electromagnetism.The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. Maxwell did work in electromagnetism. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

Early 20th century

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected.

The early 1900s including 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, and 1905 can be connected. The late 1900s including 1905, 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910 can be connected. The early 1910s including 1911, 1912, 1913, 1913, and 1915 can be connected. The late 1910s including 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, and 1920 can be connected.

Early mid 20th century

The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected.

The early 1920s including 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, and 1925 can be connected. The late 1920s including 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930 can be connected. The early 1930s including 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 can be connected. The late 1930s including 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940 can be connected.

Mid 20th century

The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected.

The early 1940s including 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 can be connected. The late 1940s including 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, and 1950 can be connected. The early 1950s including 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, and 1955 can be connected. The late 1950s including 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and 1960 can be connected.

Late mid 20th century

The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected.

The early 1960s including 1961, 1962, 2963, 1964, and 1965 can be connected. The late 1960s including 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970 can be connected. The early 1970s including 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. The late 1970s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected.

Late 20th century

The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected.

The early 1980s including 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985 can be connected. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 2993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected.

The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, and 1998 can be connected. 1999 including the first quarter 1999, second quarter 1999, third quarter 1999, and fourth quater 1999 can be connected. 2000 including the first quarter 2000, second quarter 2000, third quarter 2000, and fourth quarter 2000 can be connected.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.

Early 2000s

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected.

2001 including the first quarter 2001, second quarter 2001, third quarter 2001, and fourth quarter 2001 can be connected. 2002 including the first quarter 2002, second quarter 2002, third quarter 2002, and fourth quarter 2002 can be connected. 2003 including the first quarter 2003, second quarter 2003, third quarter 2003, and fourth quarter 2003 can be connected. 2004 including the first quarter 2004, second quarter 2004, third quarter 2004, and fourth quarter 2004 can be connected. 2005 including the first quarter 2005, second quarter 2005, third quarter 2005, and fourth quarter 2005 can be connected.

Late 2000s

The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected.

2006 including the first quarter 2006, second quarter 2006, third quarter 2006, and fourth quarter 2006 can be connected. 2007 including the first quarter 2007, second quarter 2007, third quarter 2007, and fourth quarter 2007 can be connected. 2008 including the first quarter 2008, second quarter 2008, third quarter 2008, and fourth quarter 2008 can be connected. 2009 including the first quarter 2009, second quarter 2009, third quarter 2009, and fourth quarter 2009 can be connected. 2010 including the first quarter 2010, second quarter 2010, third quarter 2010, and fourth quarter 2010 can be connected.

Early 2010s

The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 can be connected.

2011 including the first quarter 2011, second quarter 2011, third quarter 2011, and fourth quarter 2011 can be connected. 2012 including the first quarter 2012, second quarter 2012, third quarter 2012, and fourth quarter 2012 can be connected.

2013 including the first quarter 2013, second quarter 2013, and third quarter 2013 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2013 including October 2013 and November 2013 can be connected. December 2013 including 2013 week 49, 2013 week 50, 2013 week 51, 2013 week 52, and 2013 week 53 can be connected.

2014 can be connected. The first quarter 2014 including March 2014 can be connected. January 2014 including 2014 week 1, 2014 week 2, 2014 week 3, 2014 week 4, and 2014 week 5 can be connected. February 2014 including 2014 week 5, 2014 week 6, 2014 week 7, 2014 week 8, and 2014 week 9 can be connected. The second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected.

2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, and third quarter 2015 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2015 including October 2015, November 2015, and December 2015 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 and 2017 can be connected.

2016

2016 including the first quarter 2016, second quarter 2016, third quarter 2016, and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

The first quarter 2016 including January 2016, February 2016, and March 2016 can be connected. The second quarter 2016 including April 2016, May 2016, and June 2016 can be connected. The third quarter 2016 including July 2016, August 2016, and September 2016 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2016 including October 2016, November 2016, and December 2016 can be connected.

2017

2017 including the first quarter 2017, and second quarter 2017 can be connected. The third quarter 2017 including July 2017, August 2017, and September 2017 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 2 Mar 2017 Last updated 12 Feb 2018