History of Science

History including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be used to examine science.

   

History

History can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, relativity, quantum theory, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Prehistory

Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, and hydrospheric science; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Various observations of nature were made, but not recorded or systematized.

Early prehistory

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, and hydrospheric science; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Pliocene prehistory can be used to examine biology and earth science. Early Pleistocene prehistory can be used to examine biology and earth science. Early mid Pleistocene prehistory can be used to examine biology and earth science. Mid Pleistocene prehistory can be used to examine biology and earth science. Late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be used to examine biology and earth science.

Middle prehistory

Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillennium BP can be be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 5th decamillennium BP including the early 5th decamillennium BP, early mid 5th decamillennium BP, mid 5th decamillennium BP, late mid 5th decamillennium BP, and late 5th decamillennium BP can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 4th decamillennium BP including the early 4th decamillennium BP, early mid 4th decamillennium BP, mid 4th decamillennium BP, late mid 4th decamillennium BP, and late 4th decamillennium BP can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 3rd decamillennium BP including the early 3rd decamillennium BP, early mid 3rd decamillennium BP, mid 3rd decamillennium BP, late mid 3rd decamillennium BP, and late 3rd decamillennium BP can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 2nd decamillennium BP including the early 2nd decamillennium BP, early mid 2nd decamillennium BP, mid 2nd decamillennium BP, late mid 2nd decamillennium BP, and late 2nd decamillennium BP can be used to examine biology and earth science.

Late prehistory

Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 8th millennium BC including the early 8th millennium BC, early mid 8th millennium BC, mid 8th millennium BC, late mid 8th millennium BC, and late 8th millennium BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 7th millennium BC including the early 7th millennium BC, early mid 7th millennium BC, mid 7th millennium BC, late mid 7th millennium BC, and late 7th millennium BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 6th millennium BC including the early 6th millennium BC, early mid 6th millennium BC, mid 6th millennium BC, late mid 6th millennium BC, and late 6th millennium BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 5th millennium BC including the early 5th millennium BC, early mid 5th millennium BC, mid 5th millennium BC, late mid 5th millennium BC, and late 5th millennium BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 4th millennium BC including the early 4th millennium BC, early mid 4th millennium BC, mid 4th millennium BC, late mid 4th millennium BC, and late 4th millennium BC can be used to examine biology and earth science.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, early 1st millennium BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and orgnism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Various observations of parts of nature were made, but were not well organized into a body of knowledge.

Early 3rd millennium BC

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 30th century BC including the early 30th century BC, early mid 30th century BC, mid 30th century BC, late mid 30th century BC, and late 30th century BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 29th century BC including the early 29th century BC, early mid 29th century BC, mid 29th century BC, late mid 29th century BC, and late 29th century BC can be used to examine biology and earth science. The 28th century BC including the early 28th century BC, early mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 28th century BC, and late 28th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 27th century BC including the early 27th century BC, early mid 27th century BC, mid 27th century BC, late 27th century BC, and late 27th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 26th century BC including the early 26th century BC, early mid 26th century BC, mid 26th century BC, late mid 26th century BC, and late 26th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy.

Late 3rd millennium BC

The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 25th century BC including the early 25th century BC, early mid 25th century BC, mid 25th ccentury BC, late mid 25th century BC, and late 25th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 24th century BC including the early 24th century BC, early mid 24th century BC, mid 24th century BC, late mid 24th cntury BC, and late 24th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 23rd century BC including the early 23rd century BC, early mid 23rd century BC, mid 23rd century BC, late mid 23rd century BC, and late 23rd century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 22nd century BC including the early 22nd century BC, the early mid 22nd century BC, mid 22nd century BC, late mid 22nd century BC, and late 22nd century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 21st century BC including the early 21st century BC, early mid 21st century BC, mid 21st century BC, late mid 21st century BC, and late 21st century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy.

Early 2nd millennium BC

The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 20th century BC including the early 20th century BC, early mid 20th century BC, mid 20th century BC, late mid 20th century BC, and late 20th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 19th century BC including the early 19th century BC, early mid 19th century BC, mid 19th century BC, late mid 19th century BC, and late 19th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 18th century BC including the early 18th century BC, early mid 18th century BC, mid 18th century BC, late mid 18th century BC, and late 18th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 17th century BC including the early 17th century BC, early mid 17th century BC, mid 17th century BC, late mid 17th century BC, and late 17th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 16th century BC including the early 16th century BC, early mid 16th century BC, mid 16th century BC, late mid 16th century BC, and late 16th cntury BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy.

Late 2nd millennium BC

The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 15th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 15th century BC, mid 15th century BC, late mid 15th century BC, and late 15th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 14th century BC including the early 14th century BC, early mid 14th century BC, mid 14th century BC, late mid 14th century BC, and late 14th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 13th century BC including the early 13th century BC, early mid 13th century BC, mid 13th century BC, late mid 13th century BC, and late 13th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 12th century BC including the early 12th century BC, early mid 12th century BC, mid 12th century BC, late mid 12th century BC, and late 12th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, and astronomy. The 11th century BC including the early 11th century BC, early mid 11th century BC, mid 11th century BC, late mid 11th century BC, and late 11th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, and chemistry.

Early 1st millennium BC

The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

The 10th century BC including the early 10th century BC, early mid 10th century BC, mid 10th century BC, late mid 10th century BC, and late 10th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, and chemistry. The 9th century BC including the early 9th century BC, early mid 9th century BC, mid 9th century, late mid 9th century, and late 9th century can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. The 8th century BC including the early 8th century BC, early mid 8th century BC, mid 8th century BC, late mid 8th century BC, and late 8th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. The 7th century BC including the early 7th century BC, early mid 7th century BC, mid 7th century BC, late mid 7th century BC, and late 7th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. The 6th century BC including the early 6th century BC, early mid 6th century BC, mid 6th century BC, late mid 6th century BC, and late 6th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organsm biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. The earliest observations that are usually called scientific date from this period.

Early classical history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. The Greeks were notable in advancing science in this period.

The 5th century BC including the early 5th century BC, early mid 5th century BC, mid 5th century BC, late mid 5th century BC, and late 5th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. The 4th century BC including the early 4th century BC, early mid 4th century BC, mid 4th century BC, late mid 4th century BC, and late 4th century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle wrote on many of the sciences. The 3rd century BC including the early 3rd century BC, early mid 3rd century BC, mid 3rd century BC, late mid 3rd century BC, and late 3rd century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important. The 2nd century BC including the early 2nd century BC, early mid 2nd century BC, mid 2nd century BC, late mid 2nd century BC, and late 2nd century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important. The 1st century BC including the early 1st century BC, early mid 1st century BC, mid 1st century BC, late mid 1st century BC, and late 1st century BC can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important.

Late classical history

Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Progress in science was fairly limited.

The 1st century CE including the early 1st century CE, early mid 1st century CE, mid 1st century CE, late mid 1st century CE, and late 1st century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important.The 2nd century CE including the early 2nd century CE, early mid 2nd century CE, mid 2nd century CE, late mid 2nd century CE, and late 2nd century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important. The 3rd century CE including the early 3rd century CE, early mid 3rd century CE, mid 3rd century CE, late mid 3rd century CE, and late 3rd century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important. The 4th century CE including the early 4th century CE, early mid 4th century CE, mid 4th century CE, late mid 5th century CE, and late 4th century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important.The 5th century CE including the early 5th century CE, early mid 5th century CE, mid 5th century CE, late mid 5th century CE, and late 5th century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Aristotle's work remained important.

Early medieval history

Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Progress in science was fairly limited.

The 6th century CE including the early 6th century CE, early mid 6th century CE, mid 6th century CE, late mid 6th century CE, and late 6th century CE can be connected. The 7th century CE including the early 7th century CE, early mid 7th century CE, mid 7th century CE, late mid 7th century CE, and late 7th century CE can be connected. The 8th century CE including the early 8th century CE, early mid 8th century CE, mid 8th century CE, late mid 8th century CE, and late 8th century CE can be connected. The 9th century CE including the early 9th century CE, early mid 9th century CE, mid 9th century CE, late mid 9th century CE, and late 9th century CE can be connected. The 10th century CE including the early 10th century CE, early mid 10th century CE, mid 10th century CE, late mid 10th century CE, and late 10th century CE can be connected.

Late medieval history

Late medieval history including the 11th century, 12th century, 13th century, 14th century, and 15th century can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, and organism biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including stellar astronomy and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Greek learning in science was rediscovered and reviewed.

The 11th century including the early 11th century, early mid 11th century, mid 11th century, late mid 11th century, and late 11th century can be conneted. The 12th century including the early 12th century, early mid 12th century, mid 12th century, late mid 12th century, and late 12th century can be connected. The 13th century CE including the early 13th century CE, early mid 13th century CE, mid 13th century CE, late mid 13th century CE, and late 13th century CE can be connected. The 14th century CE including the early 14th century CE, early mid 14th century CE, mid 14th century CE, late mid 14th century CE, and late 14th century CE can be connected. The 15th century CEincluding the early 15th century CE, early mid 15th century CE, mid 15th century CE, late mid 15th century CE, and late 15th century CE can be connected.

Modern history

Modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substance; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Future

The future including the middle future, and far future can be connected. The near future including next month, next quarter, next year, and the next 5 years can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 18 Dec 2013 Last updated 4 Oct 2017