Sociology of Science

Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social structure and change can be used to examine the physica and natural sciences.

   

Sociology

Sociology can be used to examine biology biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Peoples of the world

Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Nations

Nations such as Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Chad, Cuba, Belgium, Greece, Rwanda, Tunisia, Portugal, Czech Republic, Bolivia, Guinea, Burundi, Haiti, Hungary, Somalia, Sweden, Belarus, Dominican Republic, Azerbaijan, Benin, Austria, Honduras, United Arab Emirates, South Sudan, Switzerland, Israel, Tajikistan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hong Kong, Papua New Guinea, Libya, Paraguay, Jordan, Laos, El Salvador, Togo, Nicaragua, Eritrea, Denmark, Kyrgystan, Slovakia, Finland, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Turkmenistan, Norway, Central African Republic, Ireland, Georgia, New Zealand, Costa Rica, Palestinian Territories, Croatia, Lebanon, Congo (Rep), Bosnia and Herzegovina, Puerto Rico, Kuwait, Moldova, Liberia, Panama, Mauritania, Armenia, Uruguay, Lithuania, Albania, Mongolia, Oman, Jamaica, Namibia, Lesotho, Latvia, Slovenia, Macedonia, Botswana, Qatar, Gambia, Guinea-Bissau, Gabon, Estonia, Trinidad and Tobago, Mauritius, Bahrain, Swaziland, East Timor, Fiji, Cyprus, and Djibouti can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Western Civilization

Western civilization including Anglic peoples, Latin peoples, Germanic peoples, Northeast European peoples, and Balkan peoples can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Nations such as Guatemala can be connected. Cities such as Buenos Aires can be connected. Western Civilization has been especially prominent in science.

Anglic peoples

Anglic peoples peoples including Anglo-American peoples and British peoples can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. British peoples were more prominent earlier, but Anglo-American peoples have also been significant. Australia can be connected. Cities such as Los Angeles can be connected.

Anglo-American peoples such as those of the United States can be used to examine physics. Canada can be connected. Cities such as New York City can be connected.

The United States can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum mechanics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

British peoples such as those of the United Kingdom can be connected.

Latin peoples

Latin peoples including Italian, French, Hispanic, and Lusitanic peoples can be used to examine biology including biohistory; earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics including electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics. Chile can be connected. Cities such as Sao Paulo can be connected.

Italy can be used to examine physics.

French peoples such as those of France can be connected. Parts of Canada can be connected. France can be used to examine physics.

Hispanic peoples including Spanish, Hispanic Mexican American, and Hispanic Colombian American peoples can be connected. Venezuela can be connected. Cities such as Mexico City can be connected.

Spain can be connected.

Hispanic Mexican American peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected.

Hispanic Colombian American peoples such as those of Colombia can be connected.

Hispanic Peruvian American peoples such as those of Peru can be connected.

Hispanic Argentine American peoples such as those of Argentina can be connected.

Lusitanic peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected.

Germanic peoples

Germanic peoples such as those of Germany can be connected. The Netherlands can be connected. Germany can be connected.

Northeast European peoples

Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia and Ukraine can be connected. Poland can be connected. Cities such as Moscow can be connected.

Russia can be connected.

Ukraine can be connected.

Balkan peoples

Balkan peoples such as those of Romania can be connected.

Asiatic peoples

Asiatic peoples including Oriental peoples, South Asian peoples, Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples, and Middle Eastern people can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics. Nations such as Kazakhstan can be connected. Cities such as Istanbul can be connected.

Middle Eastern peoples

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian, Turkish, Persian, North African, Mesopotamian, and Arabian peoples can be connected. Syria can be connected. Cities such as Cairo can be connected.

Egypt can be connected.

Turkey can be connected.

Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected. Afghanistan can be connected. Iran can be connected.

North African peoples such as those of Algeria can be connected. Morocco can be connected. Algeria can be connected.

Mesopotamian peoples such as those of Iraq can be connected.

Arabian peoples such as those of Saudi Arabia can be connected. Yemen can be connected. Saudi Arabia can be connected.

South Asian peoples

South Asian peoples such as those of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal can be connected. Sri Lanka can be connected. Cities such as Dacca can be connected.

India can be connected. Cities such as Calcutta can be connected. Mumbai can be connected. Delhi can be connected.

Pakistan can be connected. Cities such as Karachi can be connected.

Bangladesh can be connected.

Nepal can be connected.

Central Asian peoples

Central Asian peoples such as those of Uzbekistan can be connected.

Oriental peoples

Oriental peoples including Chinese, Japanese, and Korean peoples can be connected. Taiwan can be connected. Cities such as Canton can be connected.

China including South Central China can be connected. Cities such as Beijing can be connected. South Central China including cities such as Shanghai can be connected.

Japan can be connected. Cities such as Osaka can be connected. Tokyo can be connected.

South Korea can be connected. Cities such as Seoul can be connected.

North Korea can be connected.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Mainland Southeast Asian peoples, Southeast Asian Island peoples, and aboriginal Australian peoples can be connected. Madagascar can be connected. Cities such as Manila can be connected.

Mainland Southeast Asian peoples such as those of Vietnam, Thailand, and Burma can be connected. Malaysia can be connected. Vietnam can be connected. Thailand can be connected. Burma can be connected.

Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of Indonesia and the Philippines can be connected. Malaysia can be connected. Cities such as Jakarta can be connected. Indonesia can be connected. The Philippines can be connected.

Aboriginal Australian peoples such as those of Australia can be connected.

African peoples

African peoples including Eastern African, Western African, Central African, and Southern African peoples can be used to examine astronomy, biology, earth science, and chemistry. Mali can be connected.

Eastern African peoples

Eastern African peoples including Northern East African peoples and Central East African peoples can be connected. Sudan can be connected.

Northern East African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected.

Central East African peoples such as those of Tanzania and Kenya can be connected. Uganda can be connected. Tanzania can be connected. Kenya can be connected.

West African peoples

West African peoples including Southern Coastal West African and Interior West African peoples can be connected. Burkina Faso can be connected.

Southern Coastal West African peoples such as those of Nigeria and Ghana can be connected. Côte d'Ivoire can be connected. Nigeria can be connected. Ghana can be connected.

Interior West African peoples such as those of Niger can be connected.

Central African peoples

Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR and Angola can be connected. Cameroon can be connected. Congo DR can be connected. Angola can be connected.

Southern African peoples

Southern African peoples such as those of South Africa can be connected. Mozambique can be connected. South Africa can be connected.

American Indian peoples

American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian, South American Indian, and North American Indian peoples can be used to examine astronomy, biology, earth science, chemistry, and physics. Guatemala can be connected.

Middle American Indian peoples

Middle American Indian peoples including Southwestern American Indian, Meso-American, and Caribbean peoples can be connected. Venezuela can be connected.

Southwestern American Indian peoples such as those of southwestern United States can be connected. Northern Mexico can be connected. The southwestern United States can be connected.

Meso-American peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected.

Caribbean peoples such as those of Colombia can be connected.

South American India peoples

South American Indian peoples including Andean, Amazonian, and Cono/southern American Indian peoples can be connected. Chile can be connected.

Andean peoples such as those of Colombia and Argentina can be connected. Peru can be connected. Colombia can be connected. Argentina can be connected.

Amazonian peoples such as those of Brazil and Argentina can be connected. Venezuela can be connected. Brazil can be connected. Argentina can be connected.

Cono/Southern American Indian peoples such as those of Argentina can be connected.

North American Indian peoples

North American Indian peoples including Eastern North American Indian peoples and Western North American Indian peoples can be conencted. Canada can be connected. Eastern North American Indian peoples such as those of the eastern United States can be connected. Western North American Indian peoples such as those of the western United States can be connected.

Communities

Cities such as Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris, Nagoya, Lima, Chicago, Kinshasa, Tianjin, Chennai, Bengaluru, London, Saigon, Donguan, Hyderabad, Chengdu, Lahore, Johannesburg, Tehran, Essen, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Wuhan, Ahmedabad, Chongqing, Baghdad, Hangzhou, Toronto, Kuala Lumpur, Santiago, Dallas, San Francisco, Quanzhou, Miami, Shenyang, Belo Horizonte, Philadelphia, Nanjing; Madrid, Houston, Xian, Milan, Luanda, Pune; Singapore, Riyadh can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Oriental cities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Shanghai, Beijing, Osaka, and Canton can be connected. South Asian cities such Mumbai, Delhi, Karachi, Calcutta, and Dacca can be connected. Southeast Asian and Oceanic cities such as Jakarta and Manila can be connected. Middle Eastern cities such as Cairo and Istanbul can be connected.

Western cities such as Mexico City, New York City, Sao Paulo, Moscow, Los Angeles, Buenos Aires, and Rio de Janeiro can be connected.

Social mechanics

Social mechanics including social change, social types, and social structure can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Social change

Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Particular changes and movements

Particular changes and movements including stone age developments, the agricultural revolution, agrarian revolution, and industrial revolution can be used to examine biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics.

Stone age developments can be connected. The agricultural revolution can be connected.

Agrarian development

Agrarian developments including Bronze age developments, American civilization, early iron age, late iron age, and modernization can be connected. Recorded information about science begins with this period.

Bronze age developments can be connected. American Civilization can be connected. Early iron age developments can be connected. Late iron age developments can be connected. There is usually thought to have been little development of science in this period. Modernization can be connected. The scientific revolution is part of modernization.

Industrial revolution

The industrial revolution including the early industrial revolution, middle industrial revolution, and late industrial revolution can be connected.

The early industrial revolution can be connected. Science developed considerable with the aid of large industrial projects. The middle industrial revolution can be connected. Science developed considerably with the aid of automobile and airplane technology and wireless communication. The late industrial revolution can be connected. Science developed considerable with the aid of computer and space technology.

Social change factors

Social change factors including institutional change, cultural change, demographic change, and natural change can be connected.

Institutional change can be connected. Cultural change can be connected. Demographic change can be connected. Natural change can be connected.

Social change processes

Social change factors including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.

Innovation can be connected. Transmission can be connected. Adaptation can be connected. Extinction can be connected.

Social types

Social types including industrial society, agrarian society, horticultural society, and hunting and gathering society can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Industrial society can be connected. Agrarian society can be connected. Horticultural society can be connected. Hunting and gathering society can be connected.

Social structure

Social structure including community and regional structure, class structure, institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be used to examine biology including biohistory, ecology, systematics, organism biology, cell biology, and molecular biology; earth science including geohistory, physical geography, atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology; astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy; chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances; and physics including the structure of matter, quantum physics, relativity, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics.

Community and regional structure can be connected. Class structure can be connected. Institutional structure can be connected. Cultural structure can be connected. Anthropological structure can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 17 May 2014 Last updated 3 Oct 2017