Afghanistan

Introductory material

   

Content

History

History including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be connected.

Prehistory

Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be connected.

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, and mid Pleistocene prehistory, late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Neanderthal habitation is known from about 52,000 years BP. Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillenniun BP can be connected. The region was inhabited but I have few details of this period. Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected. The region was inhabited but I have few details of this period.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected.

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected. There were some connections with Iranian peoples. The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected. There was some influence from the Harappan civilization. The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected. The Bactra-Margiana Archaeological Complex flourished about this time. The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected. Little is known of what is now Afghanistan in this period. The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected. The Medes may have ruled what is now Afganistan. This became part of the Achamaenid Persian Empire.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical history, late classical history, early medieval history, and late medieval history can be connected.

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected. This was part of the Archamaenid Persian empire, the Seleucid empire following the conquest of Alexander, and the Greco-Bactrian kingdom. Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. The Indo-Parthians, Kushan Empire, and Sassanian Persians successively ruled. Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected. The region was ruled by Sassanian Persians and then Islamic conquerors. The Janjay Rajput empire ruled for a time. Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected. The Islamic Ghaznavids and Ghurhids were influential in what was called the Islamic Golden Ages. These were overrun by the Mongol conquest, and the Timurids followed.

Modern history

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The Khanate of Bukahara, Safavids, and Mughal empire ruled parts of Afghanistan. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The Khanate of Bukahara, Safavids, and Mughal empire ruled parts of Afghanistan. The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. The Khanate of Bukahara, Safavids, and Mughal empire ruled parts of Afghanistan. The Hotak dynasty and Durrani empire were prominent in Afghanistan.

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, and late mid 19th century can be connected. The British and Russians exercised influence in Afghanistan. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected. Abdur Rahman Khan ruled Afghanistan, but the British had conttrol of its foreigng relations.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. Abdur Rahman died and was succeeded by his son Habibullah, who was assassinated in 1919. Amanullah succeded him. The third Anglo-Afghan war occurred. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. Amanullah Khan ruled Afganistan until he was overthown. Mohammed Nadir Khan took the throne, but was assassinated in 1933 and succeeded by his son Mohammed Zamir Shah. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected. Zamir Shah ruled Afghanistan. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. The monarchy was overthrown in 1973 and a coup in 1978 established Communist rule. The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected. The USSR intervened in a civil war, but withdrew its troops. The Taliban emerged as the dominant political-religious force in the country.

The early 21st century including the early 2000s can be connected. The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. The early 2010s including 2011 and 2012 can be connected. 2013 including the first quarter 2013 and second quarter 2013, can be connected.

The third quarter 2013 can be connected.

July 2013 including 3013 week week 27, 2013 week 28, 2013 week 29, 2013 week 30, and 2013 week 31 can be connected.

August 2013 including 2013 week 31, 2013 week 32, and 2013 week 33 can be connected. September 2013 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2013 can be connected. 2014 including the first quarter 2014 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 and 2017 can be connected.

2016 including the first quarter 2016 and second quarter 2016 can be connected.

The second quarter 2016 including April 2016, May 2016, and June 2016 can be connected. The third quarter 2016 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

2017 including the first quarter 2017 and second quarter 2017 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

Other sociology

Other peoples of the world including major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Other nations such as Thailand, France, United Kingdom, Italy, South Africa, South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali can be connected.

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern, South Asian, Oriental, and Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples can be connected. Turkey can be connected.

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian peoples can be connected. Iran can be connected. Egypt can be connected.

South Asian peoples such as those of India and Pakistan can be connected. Bangladesh can be connected. India can be connected. Pakistan can be connected.

Oriental peoples such as those of China can be connected. Japan can be connected. China can be connected.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Southeast Asian Island peoples can be connected. Vietnam can be connected. Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of Indonesia can be connected. The Philippines can be connected. Indonesia can be connected.

African peoples including Eastern African and Western African peoples can be connected. Congo DR can be connected. Eastern African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected. Western African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected.

Western Civilization including Anglic, Latin, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. Germany can be connected. Anglic peoples such as those of the United States can be connected. Latin peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Lusitanic peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia can be connected.

American Indian peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the southwestern United States can be connected. South American Indian peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Communities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris cn be examined for connection.

Social mechanics including social types and social structure can be connected. Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected.

Institutions including family can be connected. Religion including particular religions of the world, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected. Government including particular governmens, goverment activity, government structure, and law can be connected. Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be connected. Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected.

Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected. Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, physical anthropology, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.

Science will be connected as the site develops.


Created 11 May 2013 Last updated 7 Feb 2018