Spain

Introductory material

   

Content

History

Prehistory

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Remains dating from about 1.2 million years to 780 thousand years BP and Neantherthals from about 200,00 years BP onward have been identified. Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected. Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected.

Antiquity

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected. The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected. The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected. The late 2nd millenium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected. The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected.

Classical and medieval history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected. The territory of Spain was conquered and absorbed into the Roman republic. Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 5th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. Spain was part of the Roman empire, but as the Roman empire declined, it was invaded by various tribes. Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected. Most of Spain was conquered by the Moslems. Late medieval history including the 11th century BC, 12th century BC, 13th century BC, 14th century BC, and 15th century BC can be connected. Over a period of time, Spain was reconquered by Christians.

Modern history

The 16th century including the early 16th century and early mid 16th century can be connected. Spain was the leading power in Europe. The mid 16th century including the early 1540s, late 1540s, early 1550s, and late 1550s can be connected. Charles V abdicated in 1556 and divided Habsburg domains between his brother Ferdinand (who inherited the Holy Roman empire) and his son Philip II, who inherited Spain. The late mid 16th century including the early 1560s, late 1560s, early 1570s, and late 1570s can be connected. Philip II ruled Spain. The Eighty Years War in the Netherlands, in which the Spanish sought to reimpose Habsburg control, began. The late 16th century including the early 1580s, late 1580s, early 1590s, and late 1590s can be connected. Philip II ruled Spain. Philip IIP came to the throne in 1598. Spain was at war with England and unsuccessfully sent the Spanish Armada against it and also fought a war with France.

17th century

The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. Spain was the leading power in Europe.

The early 17th century including the early 1600s, late 1600s, early 1610s, and late 1610s can be connected. Philip III ruled Spain and there was a truce with the Dutch, but Spain entered the thirty years war. The early mid 17th century including the early 1620s, late 1620s, early 1630s, and late 1630s can be connected. Begining in 1621, Philip IV ruled Spain which was involved in the Thirty Year's War. The mid 17th century including the early 1640s, late 1640s, early 1650s, and late 1650s can be connected. Philip IV ruled Spain. The late mid 17th century including the early 1660s, late 1660s, early 1670s, and late 1670s. Charles II came to the throne of Spain although he was not physically, mentally, or emotionally fit to rule. The late 17th century including the early 1680s, late 1680s, early 1690s, and late 1690s can be connected. Charles II ruled Spain.

18th century

The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. Spain began to decline with respect to other European powers.

The early 18th century including the early 1700s, late 1700s, early 1710s, and late 1710s can be connected. Charles II died without children and was the last of the Spanish Habsburgs. Philip V sucessfully claimed the throne of Spain following the War of the Spanish Successon. The early mid 18th century including the early 1720s, late 1720s, early 1730s, and late 1730s can be connected. Philip V ruled Spain. The mid 18th century including the early 1740s, late 1740s, early 1750s, and late 1750s can be connected. Philip V, Ferdinand IV, and Charles III ruled Spain. The late mid 18th century including the early 1760s, late 1760s, early 1770s, and late 1770s can be connected. Spain assisted the British colonies in the American Revolution. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected. Charles III and then Charles IV ruled Spain and a war with Britain began.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. Spain was at war with Britain, was defeated and occupied by the French under Napolon, and independence movements arose in Spain's American colonies. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. Spain continued to lose its American colonies, and the Carlist wars over political control of Spain began. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. Isabella II came of age and began to rule, but her reign was unpopular. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. Queen Isabella II was deposed in 1868 by the Glorious Revolution, and after a short lived Spanish republic, the Bourbon restoration brought Alfonxo XII to the throne in 1874. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected. Alfonso XIII ruled as a constitutional monarch, but Spain lost Cuba, Puerto Rico, Guam, and the Philippines in the Spanish American War of 1898.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. Spain colonized Western Sahara, Spanish Morocco, and Equatorial Guinea and was neutral in World War I. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. Unrest following the rule of a dicatorial prime minister caused a national collapse, and King Alfonso VIII fled the country. A second Republic was proclaimed, but the Spanish Civil War broke out in 1936. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected. Spain was ruled by Francisco Franco and was neutral in World War II. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. Spain was ruled by Francisco Franco. After his death, the monarchy was restored under Juan Carlos. The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected. Juan Carlos instituted democratic reforms, and Spain joined the European Union.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected. Terrorist bombs exploded on commuter trains in Madrid in 2004. José Luis Rodríguez Zapatero won election as Prime Minister. The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. The 2008 financial crisis affected Spain considerably.

The early 2010s including 2011 can be connected. 2012 including the first quarter 2012, second quarter 2012, third quarter 2012, and fourth quarter 2012 can be connected. 2013 including the first quarter 2013 can be connected. The second quarter 2013 including April 2013 and May 2013 can be connected. June 2013 including 2013 week 22, 2013 week 23, 2013 week 24, 2013 week 25, 2013 week 26, and 2013 week 27 can be connected.

The third quarter 2013 can be connected.

July 2013 including 2013 week 27, 2013 week 28, 2013 week 29, 2013 week 30, and 2013 week 31 can be connected.

August 2013 including 2013 week 31, 2013 week 32, 2013 week 33, and 2013 week 34 can be connected. September 2013 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2013 including October 2013, November 2013, and December 2013 can be connected.

2014 can be connected. The first quarter 2014 including March 2014 can be connected. January 2014 can be connected. 2014 week 1 can be connected. 2014 week 2 can be connected. 2014 week 3 can be connected. 2014 week 4 can be connected. 2014 week 5 can be connected.

February 2014 including 2014 week 8 and 2014 week 9 can be connected. 2014 week 5 can be connected. 2014 week 6 can be connected. 2014 week 7 can be connected.

2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected.

2016 including the first quarter 2016 and second quarter 2016 can be connected.

The first quarter 2016 including January 2016, February 2016, and March 2016 can be connected.

The second quarter 2016 including June 2016 can be connected. April 2016 including 2016 week 14, 2016 week 15, 2016 week 16, 2016 week 17, and 2016 week 18 can be connected.

May 2016

May 2016 including 2016 week 19, 2016 week 20, and 2016 week 21 can be connected.

2016 week 19 can be connected. 2016 week 20 can be connected. 2016 week 21 can be connected.

The third quarter 2016 and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

2017 including the first quarter 2017 and second quarter 2017 can be connected. The first quarter 2017 including January 2017, February 2017, and March 2017 can be connected. The second quarter 2017 including April 2017 can be connected. April 2017 including 2017 week 13, 2017 week 14, 2017 week 15, and 2017 week 16 can be connected. The third quarter 2017 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2017 including October 2017, November 2017, and Decembr 2017 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

Other sociology

Other peoples of the world including major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Other nations such as Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan can be connected.

Western Civilization

Western Civilization including Latin, Germanic, Anglic, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. Argentina can be connected.

Latin peoples including other Hispanic, Lusitanic, French, and Italian peoples can be connected. Spain itself can be connected. Hispanic peoples such as those of Colombia can be connected. Hispanic Mexican American peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Lusitanic peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. French peoples such as those of France can be connected. Italian peoples such as those of Italy can be connected.

Germanic peoples such as those of Germany can be connected.

Anglic peoples such as those of the United Kingdom can be connected. Anglo-American peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Northeast European peoples including East Slavic peoples can be connected. Ukraine can be connected. East Slavic peoples such as those of Russia can be connected.

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern, Southeast Asian and Oceanic, South Asian, and Oriental peoples can be connected. Burma can be connected.

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian peoples and Persian peoples can be connected. Turkey can be connected. Egypt can be connected. Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be onnected.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Southeast Asian Island peoples and mainland Southeast Asian peoples can be connected. Thailand can be connected. Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of the Philippines can be connected. Indonesia can be connected. Mainland Southeast Asian peoples such as those of Vietnam can be connected.

South Asian peoples such as Bangladesh can be connected. India can be connected. Pakistan can be connected.

Oriental peoples such as those of South Korea can be connected. China can be connected. Japan can be connected.

American Indian peoples such as those found in Colombia Argentina can be connected. Middle American Indian peoples including Southwestern American Indian peoples can be connected. Mexico can be connected. Southwestern American Indian peoples such as those of the southwestern United States can be connected. South American Indian peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

African peoples including West African peoples, East African peoples, Central African peoples, and Southern African peoples can be connected. Kenya can be connected.

West African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected.

East African peoples including Northern East African peoples can be connected. Tanzania can be connected. Northern East African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected.

Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR can be connected.

Southern African peoples such as those of South Africa can be connected.

Communities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris can be connected.

World cities such as Tokyo can be connected.

Social mechanics

Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected. Particular changes and movements including stone age developments, the agricultural revolution, agrarian developments, and industrial revolution. can be connected.

Social types including industrial societies, agrarian societies, horticultural societies, and hunting and gathering societies can be connected. Social structure including community and regional structure, class structure, institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected.

Institutions

Religion including religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected. Particular religions including Abrahamic religion, Asiatic religion, pagan religion, and secularism can be connected.

Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected. Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be connected. Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected. Family including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.

Culture including material culture can be connected. Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be connected. Conceptual culture including philosophy, applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and language can be connected.

Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.

Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.


Created 16 Apr 2013 Last updated 18 Jan 2018