Sudan

Introductory material

   

Content

History

History including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be connected.

Prehistory

Prehistory including early prehistory, middle prehistory, and late prehistory can be connected.

Early prehistory including Pliocene prehistory, early Pleistocene prehistory, early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. I have no details for this period. Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected. Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected. By the 8th millennium BC, Neolithic cultures similar to those of Egypt were present.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected.

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected. The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected. The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, and 16th century BC can be connected. The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected. The kingdom of Kush began to become prominent. The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected. The Kingdom of Kush was important.

Classical and medieval history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected. the Kingdom of Kush was significant. Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. The Kingdom of Kush was important. Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected. Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected. Islam began to predominate in the area.

Modern history

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The Funj empire preominated. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The Funj empire predominated. The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. The Funj empire predominated.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected. The Funj empire was conquered by Egypt, and Europeans began to be involved in Sudanese affairs.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. Muhammad Ali of Egypt conquered the last Funj sultan in 1820. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. Ottoman forces established the Turkyah in northern Sudan. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. Sudan was mostly under the rule of the Turkiyah. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. Sudan was under the rule of Egypt. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected. Sudan was first beset by a religious figure known as the Mahdi, and came to be administered by the British under nominally Egyptian rule.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. Sudan was nominally under Egyptian rule but was administered by the British. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. Sudan was administered by the British. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected. Sudan was granted independence from the British in 1956. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. A military coup in 1969 established a new government under Gaafar Nimeiry. The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected. A bloodless military coup in 1989 established a new government under Omar al-Bashir.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected. The civil war in South Sudan continued and Chad became involved in 2004. The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. A Darfur peace agreement was sighed and UN peacekeeping troops were placed in Sudan. The war between Sudan and Chad came to an end.

The early 2010s including 2011 and 2012 can be connected. South Sudan gained independence.

2013 including the first quarter 2013 can be connected. The second quarter 2013 including April 2013, May 2013, and June 2013 can be connected.

The third quarter 2013 can be connected.

July 2013 including 2013 week 27, 2013 week 28, 2013 week 29, 2013 week 30, and 2013 week 31 can be connected.

August 2013 including 2013 week 31, 2013 week 32, and 2013 week 33 can be connected. September 2013 can be connected. The fourth quarter 2013 can be connected.

2014 can be connected. The first quarter 2014 including January 2014 can be connected. The second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected.

2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected.

2016 including the first quarter 2016 and second quarter 2016 can be connected.

The second quarter 2016 including April 2016 and May 2016 can be connected.

May 2016 including 2016 week 19 and 2016 week 20 can be connected.

The third quarter 2016 and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

2017 including the first quarter 2017 and second quarter 2017 can be connected.

Future

The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

Other sociology

Other peoples of the world including major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Other nations such as South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali can be connected.

Other African peoples including Other Eastern African, Western African, and Central African peoples can be connected. South Africa can be connected. Other East African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected. West African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected. Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR can be connected.

Asiatic peoples

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern, South Asian, Oriental, and Southeast Asian peoples can be connected. Thailand can be connected.

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian peoples can be connected. Turkey can be connected. Egypt can be connected. Egypt has been a close neighbor of Sudan and there has been mutual influence from prehistory. Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected.

South Asian peoples such as those of Bangladesh can be connected. India can be connected. Pakistan can be connected.

Oriental peoples such as those of Japan can be connected. China can be connected.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Southeast Asian island peoples can be connected. Vietnam can be connected. Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of Vietnam can be connected. The Philippines can be connected. Indonesia can be connected.

Western Civilization including Anglic, Latin, Germanic, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. Italy can be connected.

Anglic peoples including Anglo-American peopls can be connected. The United Kingdom can be connected. Anglo-American peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Latin peoples including Lusitanic peoples can be connected. France can be connected. Hispanic peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Lusitanic peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected.

Germanic peoples such as those of Germany can be connected.

Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia can be connected.

American Indian peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected. South American Indian peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Communities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris can be examined for connection.

Social mechanics including social structure can be connected. Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected. Social types including industrial societies, agrarian societies, horticultural societies, and hunting and gathering societies can be connected.

Institutions

Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and family can be connected.

Religion including particular eligions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected. Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected. Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be connected. Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected. Family including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.

Culture including conceptual culture and material culture can be connected. Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be connected.

Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.

Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistrya, and physics can be connected.


Created 22 Apr 2013 Last updated 16 Jan 2018