Category Archives: History


I got to about the 27th century BC and decided that I wanted to backtrack to go through periods of prehistory: Trying to do all the possible connections was just too tedious. But I have made some progress in other areas.

For one, I have finished a review of how other sociology applies to Asiatic peoples, and have begin reviewing religion. For another, I have finally finished connecting biographies to social mechanics, and I am now in a position to consider why the people selected for the biographies were important. For a third, I have finished reviewing connecting nations and cities to culture, and done a review of how peoples are applied. I am now in the process of reviewing how institutions are applied to culture.

Bronze Age

The fourth millennium BC includes the beginning of Bronze age civilization and the beginnings of recorded, written history. At my present stage of development, this is largely concentrated on Egyptian civilization and culture, but I do have references to developing civilizations in Pakistan and China.

At this point, I am shifting to antiquity. Antiquity has much finer subdivisions than prehistory does. The subdivisions of Antiquity are at the level of individual centuries. This is not quite fine enough to work with a conventional narrative history, but summaries of the major peoples and historical figures are possible. Beginning in the early 3rd millennium BC, I can examine the 30th century BC.

Other history can be used to consider the 30th century BC. I have added a few comments about sources. In the 19th century and 20th century, written history has been supplemented by archaeology. I still have a focus on Egypt and the first dynasty. Harappan civilization was developing in Pakistan and India, but since the writing has not been deciphered and translated, its history is not well known.

18th century Anglic history

In the late 18th century from 1781 to 1800, the British recognized American independence, expanded the East India Company holdings in India and began settlement of Australia. The United States established an improved system of government under its Constitution. The French Revolution was important in Europe.

In the early 19th century from 1801-1820, George III was deemed unfit to rule and his son reigned as regent in his stead in the period known as the Regency. Britain was involved in the Napoleonic wars. In the United States, the presidencies of Jefferson, Madison, and Monroe can be connected. The War of 1812 occurred. The New York city street grid was expanded to cover all of Manhattan island. An attempted invasion of Canada by the United States in the war of 1812 was defeated.

In the early mid 19th century from 1821-1840 in the United Kingdom, George IV and William IV ruled, slavery was abolished, there was electoral reform in 1832, and Victoria ascended to the throne in 1837. In the United States, the presidencies of Monroe, John Quincy Adams, Jackson, and Van Buren can be connected. New York City became connected to the agricultural region of the United States with completion of the Erie Canal. The British governed Canada and united the various provinces into a single domain in 1840.


Specifically, the late mid 18th century from 1761-1780 has most of the American Revolution. While losing most of the American colonies, the British consolidated their rule over Canada and expanded their dominions in India.

I have finished a rewrite of the middle prehistory of institutions. I still don’t have the specific detail I would like, but it will come eventually.

Personal studies have gone through a rewrite of their connections to science. The next stage is to further connect personal studies to Sociology. The remaining medium and smaller countries and cities will be better connected to biographies and to contributions in psychology and the human body.

More history

For the early mid 18th century, from 1721-1740, I have a particular interest in British history, which includes the reign of George I. In North America, this included King George’s War, the third of the French and Indian wars. There were other things going on in Europe which had an influence on the Americas, which I will probably discuss more on the next pass through the 18th century.

For the mid 18th century from 1741-1960, I have an interest in British history, which included the reign of George II. The Seven years war with France began. In North America, this was the fourth of the series of the French and Indian Wars. Other European developments also affected the Americas.

When you’re Hot

I normally do at most one post per day, but when you’re hot, you’re hot. (Or, perhaps, when you live in Phoenix, you’re hot…) British peoples were unified as the United Kingdom under Queen Anne. In North America, the second of the French and Indian Wars, Queen Anne’s War, between French and British colonists took place. The War of the Spanish Succession was another event in early 18th century Europe.

I have rewritten the early prehistory of Institutions; not that I really have more information about it, but because there are more connections to be considered. This was an area of much speculation based on insufficient data in the early part of this century, and although more evidence has been uncovered, it appears that there is still more speculation than established fact.

Back in the Saddle

I have had some health problems in the past week, which have delayed my creation of posts for this blog. I expect to pick up the pace

Picking up where I left off in the summary of history, for the late mid 17th century, I have given a little more attention to the British and to the restoration of the British monarchy under Charles II. There was also development of the the British colonies in North America, especially the British takeover of New Amsterdam, which was renamed New York. The British had an increasing presence in India.

For the late 17th century, I also have more attention to the British and the next generation of the British monarchy under William and Mary, continued development of the British colonies in North America and the beginnings of the French and Indian wars between English an French colonists in North America, and an increasing British presence in India.

For my studies in logic, I have been attempting to review Aristotle’s “On Interpretation”, and it’s not exactly easy to digest. In topic or section 1, he begins by attempting to define his terms, “noun” and “verb”, “denial” and “Affirmation”, and “Proposition and sentence”. I’m not inclined to give excessive weight to Aristotle’s authority: It’s a good beginning approach, but the discussion has, or should have, moved beyond him by now. I do note that with the development of mathematical and symbolic logic, his discussion seems more heavily linguistic than I am prepared to discuss. There will be more on this later.

More story

Although I had been working on a story, I like the research process too much to stop and write straight fiction. I’ve been thinking about a historical fantasy series, but that wasn’t working, because I wanted to work from the beginning and there is too much that needs to be connected and developed from later periods. So, I’ve changed tracks yet again.
I started in early modern history and created a fictional society, with a founder, that I will be using as a starting point for exploration. I carried this forward for a few centuries, and like the results enough to go back for another pass, with a little more detail, corresponding to areas I have developed or am developing. I liked this, too.

I was going to post the results of the third pass here, but decided not. For one, it’s in much too embryonic form; one paragraph to cover the 6th through 11th centuries, restricted mostly to France and Italy. Second, I think it would be better to keep work I may want to publish as historical fiction off the blog. I will say that, although I am not a member nor a great fan of the Roman Catholic Church, it did serve as a unifying, civilizing force throughout medieval times. Critiques will come up later as I get more details.

Like an Egyptian

I got to the point of pulling back the history of Thailand through the 16th century, and decided I had enough for the time being, so I went back to early prehistory.
This time, I’ve managed to pull the history of Egypt the rest of the way through antiquity and late prehistory. This gives me a better hold on other prehistory and antiquity.

So far, so good.

So, Donald Trump is now officially the 45th President of the United States. So far, he’s not doing too badly. Some of his Cabinet nominees have already been approved by Congress, and he seems to be appointing sober, responsible people. Some of his opponents have been showing what public-spirited, high-minded statesmen they are (not) by sponsoring riots, breaking windows, and setting fire to limos in Washington DC, and promising more of the same for the next four years.


For late classical times, I have done some connecting of religion, government, and economics. I am developing some background for the early 19th century. I’ve taken the history of Turkey back into the time of the Roman Empire, and have begun to work Congo back through the 16th century. Although the late medieval and 16th century history of Congo is not particularly prominent, this is carrying Eastern Africa along with it, and Eastern Africa is important. I have biography connected back to the 1st century CE, and for the next little while, will be connecting social foundations to 20-year periods of early modern history.