Early classical history includes the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Earlier periods of history including prehistory and antiquity can be used to give background information. Other periods of classical and medieval history can be used to examine the context of early classical history. This period has been studied in modern times and these studies can be expected to continue into the future.
Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social structure and change can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC. Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern peoples are most prominent, but South Asian peoples and Oriental peoples can be considered. Classical Western Civilization was developing. Little is known of Africa, but American Indian peoples were also developing notable civilizations.
Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and families can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Pagan religion including Asian pagan religion, European pagan religion, African pagan religions, and American Indian religion can be connected. Neopagan religion had not yet developed. Asian pagan religion can be connected. European pagan religion can be connected. African pagan religion can be connected. American Indian religion can be connected.
Asian religion including Indian religion, East Asian religion, and Persian religion can be connected.
Secularism began to develop in this period.
Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be connected.
International government including colonial empires and traditional empires can be connected. Modern compacts had not yet developed. National government can be connected. Local government can be connected.
Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be connected.
State relations including warfare, diplomacy, and intelligence can be connected. Administration including security, public works and lands, welfare, and taxation can be connected. Succession including election, appointment, inheritance, and seizure can be connected.
Government structure including legislative systems, judicial systems, and policial parties and interest groups can be connected. Forms of government can be connected. Executive systems can be connected. Legislative systems can be connected.
Law including international law, Western law, Asian law, and tribal law can be connected.
Industries including commercial and financial industries, communications industries, transportation industries, building related industries, manufacturing and extraction industries, and food and agricultural industries can be connected. Social and medical services including institutional services, personal and social services, and recreation and entertainment industries can be connected.
Economic activity including consumption, distribution and exchange, and production can be connected.
School systems including higher education, secondary education, and primary education can be connected. Educational organization including administration, faculty, students, and course material can be connected. Cultural institutions including performance venues, libraries, and museums can be connected. Teaching can be connected. Research can be connected.
Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Cultural events including holidays, disasters, expeditions, awards, gatherings, and performances can be connected. Recreation and entertainment including sports, games, theater, dance, and music can be connected. Occupations including service occupations, industrial occupations, communication occupations, transportation occupations, building occupations, and food-related occupations can be connected. Customs including institutional customs, social interaction customs, clothing and dress customs, living and dwelling customs, and vital customs can be connected.
Philosophy including philosophical schools and doctrines, special topics, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, and logic can be connected. Applied science including applied social science, medical science, information science, accounting, navigation, engineering science, and measurement can be connected. Mathematics including mathematical rigorization, statistics, geometry, analysis, algebra, and arithmetic can be connected. Literature including particular works, literary types and genres, literary forms, and oral tradition can be connected. Graphic arts including animation, photography, printmaking, painting, and drawing can be connected. Language including languages of the world, writing, and linguistics can be connected.
Miscellaneous artifacts such as sculpture, musical instruments, toys, and medicines can be connected. Communications technology including electronic communication, graphic communication, and written communication can be connected. Transportation technology including space technology, air transportation, water transportation, land transportation, and packaging can be connected. Clothing and dress including garments, adornment, and fabrics can be connected. Foodstuffs including prepared foods, preserved and processed foods, and raw foodstuffs can be connected. Building technology including outdoor structures, complete buildings, building components, furnishings, and materials can be connected. Industrial technology including advanced technology, utilities, weaponry, machinery, chemical technology, fuels, and tools can be connected.
Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be used to examine the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC.
Particular groups can be connected.
Asian geography including Southwest Asian geography, South Asian geography, Central Asian geography, North Asian geography, East Asian geography, and Southeast Asian geography can be connected. European geography including Balkan geography, Eastern European geography, Central European geography, Italian geography, Northwest European geography, Iberian geography, Scandinavian geography, and Island European geography can be connected. African geography including North African geography, West African geography, North Central African geography, South Central African geography, East African geography, and South African geography can be connected. North American geography including Northeastern American geography, Northwestern American geography, and Southwestern American geography can be connected. South American geography including Amazon geography, Andean geography, and Argentine geography can be connected. Oceanic geography including Australian geography, Pacific Island geography, and Antarctic geography can be connected.
Social psychology can be connected. Personality can be connected. Mental disorders can be connected. Developmental psychology can be connected. Behavior patterns can be connected. Mind can be connected. Behavioral elements can be connected.
Biohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic life can be connected. Ecology including biogeography, ecosystems, evolution, system ecology, community ecology, population ecology, and behavioral ecology can be connected. Systematics including animals, fungi, plants, protists, and microbes can be connected. Organism biology including behavior, life cycle, morphology and form, organ systems, tissues, and habitat can be connected. Cell biology had not yet developed. Molecular biology had not yet developed.
Geohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic periods can be connected. Physical geography including mapping, oceanic geography, and terrestrial geography can be connected. Atmospheric science including climatology, meteorology, and atmospheric structure can be connected. Hydrospheric science including oceanography, glaciology, groundwater, and fresh water can be connected. Geology including interior geology, geologic processes, landforms, petrology, and mineralogy can be connected.
Galactic astronomy had not yet developed. Stellar astronomy including astrocartography, star groupings, stars, exoplanets, and the interstellar medium can be connected. Local astronomy including the Sun, planetary systems, minor bodies, and the interplanetary medium can be connected.
Chemical systems including organic, inorganic, gas, liquid, and solid chemistry can be connected. Chemical change including nuclear reactions, chemical reactions, and physical changes can be connected. Chemical substances including mixtures, compounds, and elements can be connected.
Physics including the structure of matter, electromagnetism, thermodynamics, and mechanics can be connected.
The structure of matter including exotic matter, common bulk matter, molecular physics, atomic physics, and subatomic physics can be connected. Quantum physics had not yet developed. Relativity had not yet developed. Electromagnetism including optics, magnetism, electric current, and electrostatics can be connected. Thermodynamics including statistical mechanics, nonclassical thermodynamics, and classical thermodynamics can be connected. Mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics can be connected.
Created 11 Mar 2013 Last updated 3 Oct 2017