Sociology Applied to Late Classical History

Sociology including peoples of the world, communities, and social structure and change can be used to examine late classical history

   

Sociology

Sociology can be used to examine the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE.

Peoples of the world

Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be used to examine the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE.

Nations

Nations such as Tajikistan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hong Kong, Papua New Guinea, Libya, Paraguay, Jordan, Laos, El Salvador, Togo, Nicaragua, Eritrea, Denmark, Kyrgystan, Slovakia, Finland, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Turkmenistan, Norway, Central African Republic, Ireland, Georgia, New Zealand, Costa Rica, Palestinian Territories, Croatia, and Lebanon can be used to examine the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE.

Western Civilization

Western Civilization including Latin, Balkan, Germanic, Anglic, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. The Roman empire reached its height and began to decline. Switzerland can be connected.

Latin peoples

Latin peoples including Italian, French, and Hispanic peoples can be connected. Portugal can be connected.

Italian peoples such as those of Italy can be connected.

French peoples such as those of France can be connected.

Hispanic peoples such as those of Spain can be connected.

Balkan peoples

Balkan peoples including East Romance peoples can be connected. Greece can be connected.

East Romance peoples such as those of Romania can be connected.

Germanic peoples

Germanic peoples such as those of Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium can be connected. Austria can be connected.

Germany can be connected. Written history of Germany began. The Netherlands can be conncted. These peoples were principally under Roman rule. Belgium can be connected. This area was chiefly under Roman rule.

Anglic peoples

Anglic peoples such as those of the United Kingdom can be connected.

Northeast European

Northeast European peoples including East Slavic, West Slavic, and Hungarian peoples can be connected. Belarus can be connected.

Hungary can be connected. The Pannonian Basin was under Roman rule, but Huns from Western Asia and Germanic tribes migrated into it.

East Slavic peoples such as those of Russia can be connected. Ukraine can be connected. Russia can be connected. Little is known of Russia in this period.

West Slavic peoples such as those of Poland can be connected. Czech Republic can be connected. Poland can be connected. Little is known of its history in this period.

Scandinavian peoples

Scandinavian peoples such as those of Sweden can be connected.

Asiatic peoples

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern, South Asian, Central Asian, Oriental, and Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples can be connected. Israel can be connected. Cities such as Karachi can be connected.

Middle Eastern peoples

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian, Turkish, Persian, Mesopotamian, North African, and Arabian peoples can be connected. The United Arab Emirates can be connected.

Egypt can be connected. Egypt was part of the Roman, then later the Eastern Roman or Byzantine empire.

Turkey can be connected. What is now Turkey was ruled by the Roman empire.

Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected. Afghanistan can be connected. Iran can be connected. The Parthian empire was succeeded by the Sassanian empire.

Mesopotamian peoples such as those of Iraq can be connected.

North African peoples such as those of Algeria and Morocco can be connected. Tunisia can be connected. Algeria can be connected. Morocco can be connected.

Arabian peoples including those of what is now Saudi Arabia can be connected. Yemen can be connected. Saudi Arabia can be connected.

Levantine peoples such as those of Syria can be connected.

South Asian peoples

South Asian peoples including those of India, Pakistan, Bangladesh, and Nepal can be connected. Sri Lanka can be connected. Cities such as Delhi can be connected.

India can be connected. The Gupta empire was prominent in this period. Cities such as Mumbai can be connected.

Pakistan can be connected. The Indo-Parthian empire, Kushan empire, and Gupta empire successively controlled much of what is now Pakistan. Bangladesh can be connected. The Magahadan empire, the Buddhist Pala dynasty, and the Hindu Sena dynasty seem to have successively ruled in the area. Nepal can be connected.

Central Asian peoples

Central Asian peoples including Inner Asian peoples can be connected. Azerbaijan can be connected. Inner Asian peoples such as those of Uzbekistan can be connected. Kazakhstan can be connected. Uzbekistan can be connected.

Oriental peoples

Oriental peoples including Chinese, Japanese, and Korean peoples can be connected. Taiwan can be connected. Cities such as Shanghai can be connected.

China can be connected. This includes the later period of the Han empire and the beginning of the Three Kingdoms period.

Japan can be connected. Culturally this included part of the Yayoi period. The written history of Japan began in this period.

South Korea can be connected. This is called the Three Kingdoms period of Korean history. Cities such as Seoul can be connected.

North Korea can be connected.

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples

Southeast Asian peoples including Mainland Southeast Asian peoples and Southeast Asian Island peoples can be connected. can be Cambodia connected. Cities such as Jakarta can be connected.

Mainland Southeast Asian peoples such as those of Vietnam and Thailand, and Burma can be connected. Malaysia can be connected. Vietnam can be connected. Vietnam was under Chinese rule. Thailand can be connected. Information about this period is poorly documented. Burma can be connected. The Pyu peoles and Mon peoples were present.

Southeast Asian Island peoples

Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of Indonesia and the Philippines can be connected. Madagascar can be connected.

Indonesia can be connected. The Tarumanagara kindom can be identified. The Philippines can be connected. Little is known of the Philippines in this period. Malaysia can be connected. Little is known of Malaysia in this period.

Aboriginal Australian peoples

Aboriginal Australian peoples such as those of Australia can be connected.

African peoples

African peoples including East African, West African, Central African, and Southern African peoples can be connected. South Sudan can be connected.

East African peoples

East African peoples including Northern East African, Central East African, and Interior East African peoples can be connected. Somalia can be connected.

Northern East African peoples including those of Ethiopia can be connected.

Central East African peoples such as those of Tanzania, Kenya, Uganda, and Rwanda can be connected. Burundi can be connected.

Tanzania can be connected. Kenya can be connected. Uganda can be connected. Rwanda can be connected.

Interior East African peoples such as those of Sudan can be connected. Chad can be connected. Sudan can be connected.

West African peoples

West African peoples including Southern Coastal West African and Interior West African peoples can be connected. Benin can be connected.

Southern Coastal West African peoples such as those of Nigeria and Ghana can be connected. Côte d'Ivoire can be connected. Nigeria can be connected. Little is known of Nigeria in this period. Ghana can be connected.

Interior West African peoples such as those of Niger and Burkina Faso can be connected. Mali can be connected. Niger can be connected. Burkina Faso can be connected.

Western Coastal West African peoples such as those of Senegal can be connected. Guinea can be connected. Senegal can be connected.

Central African peoples

Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR and Angola can be connected. Cameroon can be connected. Congo DR can be connected. It is thought that Bantu peoples were moving into the area. Angola can be connected.

Southern African peoples

Southern African peoples such as those of South Africa, Mozambique, Malawi, and Zambia can be connected. Zimbabwe can be connected. South Africa can be connected. Mozambique can be connected. Malawi can be connected. Zambia can be connected.

American Indian peoples

American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian, South American Indian, and North American Indian peoples can be used to examine the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE. American Indian peoples had developed sigificant civilizations which are at present little known due to a scarcity of written records in this period. Honduras can be connected.

Middle American Indian peoples

Middle American Indian peoples including Meso-American and Southwestern American Indian peoples can be connected. What is now Haiti can be connected.

Southwestern American Indian peoples including those of the Southwestern United States can be connected. Northern Mexico can be connected. The southwestern United States

Meso-American peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected. Guatemala can be connected. Mexico

Caribbean peoples including Caribbean Island and Caribbean South American peoples can be connected. The Dominican Republic can be connected.

Caribbean Island peoples such as those of Cuba can be connected.

Caribbean South American peoples such as those of Colombia can be connected. Venezuela can be connected. Colombia can be connected.

South American Indian peoples

South American Indian peoples including Andean, Amazonian, and Cono/Southern American indian peoples can be connected. Bolivia can be connected.

Andean peoples such as those of Peru, Colombia, Chile, and Argentina can be connected. Ecuador can be connected. Peru can be connected. Colombia can be connected. Chile can be connected. Argentina can be connected.

Amazonian peoples such as those of Brazil and Argentina can be connected. Venezuela can be connected. Brazil can be connected. Argentina can be connected.

Cono/Southern American Indian peoples such as those of Argentina Chile can be connected.

North American Indian peoples

North American Indian peoples including Eastern North American Indian peoples and Western North American Indian peoples can be connected. Canada can be connected. Eastern North American Indian peoples including those of what is now the Eastern United States can be connected. Western North American Indian peoples including those of what is now the western United States can be connected.

Communities

Cities such as Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos can be examined for connection to the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE.

Asian cities including Seoul, Mumbai, Jakarta, Delhi, Shanghai, Karachi, and Beijing can be connected. Tokyo, Manila, and Cairo had not yet been founded. Western cities including Mexico City, New York City, and Sao Paulo had not yet been founded.

Social Mechanics

Social mchanics including social change, social types, and social structure can be used to examine the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE.

Social change

Social change including particular changes and movements, social change factors, and social change processes can be connected.

Particular changes and movements

Particular changes and movements including stone age developments, the agricultural revolution, and agrarian developments can be connected.

Stone age developments can be connected.

The agricultural revolution can be connected. The industrial revolution had not yet begun.

Agrarian developments including bronze age developments, American civilization, early iron age developments, and late iron age developments can be connected. Modernization had not yet begun.

Bronze age developments can be connected. American Civilization can be connected. Early iron age developments can be connected. Late iron age developments can be connected.

Social change factors

Social change factors including institutional change, cultural change, demographic change, and natural change can be connected.

Institutional change can be connected. Cultural change can be connected. Demographic change can be connected. Natural change can be connected.

Social change processes

Social change processes including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.

Innovation can be connected. Transmission can be connected. Adaptation can be connected. Extinction can be connected.

Social types

Hunting and gathering society can be connected. Horticultural societies can be connected. Agrarian society can be connected. Industrial societies had not yet formed.

Social structure

Community and regional structure can be connected. Class structure can be connected. Institutional structure can be connected. Cultural structure can be connected. Anthropological structure can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 3 Oct 2014 Last updated 22 Jan 2018