Late 2000s

This includes events of 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010. A "new Atheism" movement emerged. Barak Obama succeeded George W. Bush as US President. A global financial crisis was followed by an economic recession.

Nicolas Sarkozy was elected President of France in 2007. The 2008 financial crisis affected Spain considerably. Vicente Fox was succeeded as President of Mexico by Felipe Calderon. Alvaro Uribe was re-elected President of Colombia, succeeded in 2010 by Juan M Santos. Hugo Chavez continued as president of Venezuela. Alan García was elected President of Peru in 2006.

Angela Merckel was re-elected as Chancellor of Germany in 2009. Jan Peter Balkenende served as Prime Minister of the Netherlands and was succeeded by Mark Rutte in 2010. Dmitri Medvedev was elected President of Russia.

Egypt underwent economic liberalization, but increased political restrictions. The Justice and Development Party (AKP) dominated politics of Turkey. In Iran, Ahmedjinidad was re-elected President in 2009. Abdulaziz Boutifleka presided in Algeria. In Saudi Arabia, Abdullah ruled as king. He introduced some government and economic reforms.

There was considerable progress in India's space program. Pakistan had a change of government with Yousaf Raza Gillani becoming Prime Minister and effective head of government. in Bangladesh, Sheikh Hasina succeeded Khalida Zia as head of government. Nepal was declared a Federal Republic and the monarchy was abolished in 2008.

Hu Jintao was the foremost leader of China, but events have not yet been fully assimilated. Shinzo Abe, Yasuo Fukuda, Taro Aso, and Naoto Kan served as Prime Ministers of Japan. [South Korea needs to be better investigated.]

Tran Ðuc Luong was succeded as President of Vietnam by Nguyen Minh Triet in 2006. Economic reforms continued. In Thailand, A military coup in 2006 was followed by a restoration of a civilian government under Samak Sundaravej in 2007. Various protests arose. Somchai Wongsawat and then Abhisit Vejjajiva emerged as Prime ministers in 2010. In Burma, There were anti-government protests in 2007 and in 2008 Cyclone Nargis struck the country. Susilo Bambang Yudhoyono was re-elected President of Indonesia in 2009 and Mount Merapi erupted in 2010. Gloria Macapagal-Arroyo presided over the Philippines.

Jakaya Kikwete served as President of Tanzania. Edward Lowassa and Mizengo Pinda served as Prime Ministers. A disputed Presidental election resulted in Raila Odinga being named as Prime Minister of Kenya. Olusegun Obasanjo was succeded as President of Nigeria by Umaru Yar'Auda. John Kufuor was succeded by John Atta Mills as President of Ghana in 2009. Tandja Mamadou presided over Niger. until he was overthrown by a coup in 2010. The Second Tuareg Rebellion took place. Blaise Compaoré remained President of Burkina Faso. Joseph Kabila was elected President. Several rebellions and conflicts began. [Events in Angola need to be investigated.] In South Africa, there was rioting in 2008. Armando Guebuza presided over Mozambique. Bingu wa Mutharika was re-elected President of Malawi in 2009. Rupia Bandia succeeded Levy Mwanawasa as President of Zambia in 2008.


The first quarter 2006, second quarter 2006, third quarter 2006, and fourth quarter 2006 can be connected. Iran reported that it had produced enriched Uranium. Montenegro declared independence from Serbia and Montenegro. Saddam Hussein was sentenced to death by hanging. North Korea claimed to have conducted a nuclear test.


The first quarter 2007, second quarter 2007, third quarter 2007, and fourth quarter 2007 can be connected. Bulgaria and Romania joined the European Union. The 2007 - 2012 global financial crisis began.


The first quarter 2008, second quarter 2008, third quarter 2008, and fourth quarter 2008 can be connected. Kosovo declared independence from Serbia. The 2008 Summer Olympics was held in China. Barak Obama was elected President of the United States.


The first quarter 2009, second quarter 2009, third quarter 2009, and fourth quarter 2009 can be connected. Sri Lanka claimed victory over the Tamil Tigers liberation group. Manuel Zelaya was removed as president of Honduras. Ireland ratified the treaty of Lisbon concerning the European Union.


The first quarter 2010, second quarter 2010, third quarter 2010, and fourth quarter 2010 can be connected. The DeepWater Horizon oil spill occurred. Wikileaks began publishing US diplomatic correspondence.

Other history

Other periods of history including prehistory, antiquity, classical and medieval history; other modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and other 20th century history; and the future can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.


Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples; communities; and social mechanics can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009 and 2010.


Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and family can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.


Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Particular religions

Particular religions including Abrahamic religion, secularism, Asian religion, and pagan religion can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Abrahamic religion

Abrahamic religion including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism can be connected.

Christianity including early Christianity, Catholicism, Protestantism, Orthodoxy, and Mormonism can be connected. Islam can be connected. Judaism can be connected.

Secularism can be connected.

Asian religion including Indian religion, East Asian religion, and Persian religion can be connected. Pagan religion including European pagan religion, Asian pagan religion, African pagan religion, American Indian religion, and neopagan religion can be connected.

Religious organization can be connected. Religous practice can be connected. Religious belief can be connected.


Government can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Particular governments

Particular governments including international government, national government, and local government can be connected.

International government including compacts, colonial empires, and traditional empires can be connected. National government can be connected. Local govenment can be connected.

Government activity including succession can be connected. State relations including warfare, diplomacy, and intelligence can be connected. Administration including security, public works and lands, welfare, and taxation can be connected.

Government structure including executive systems, legislative systems, judicial systems, and policial parties and interest groups can be connected. Forms of government can be connected.

Law including international law, Western law, Asian law, and tribal law can be connected.


Economics including economic systems, industries, and economic activity can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Economic systems including networks and firms can be connected. Economic system behavior can be connected. Economic system types can be connected.

Industries including commercial and financial industries, communications industries, transportation industries, building related industries, manufacturing and extraction industries, and food and agricultural industries can be connected. Social and medical services including institutional services, personal and social services, and recreation and entertainment industries can be connected.

Economic activity including consumption, distribution and exchange, and production can be connected.


Education can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

School systems including secondary education and primary education can be connected. Higher education can be connected.

Educational organization including administration, faculty, students, and course material can be connected. Cultural institutions including performance venues, libraries, and museums. Teaching can be connected. Research can be connected.


Family studies can be used to examine 2009, and 2010. Particular families can be connected. Kinship can be connected. Parenting can be connected. Marriage can be connected.


Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Behavioral culture

Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Cultural events including holidays, disasters, expeditions, awards, and gatherings can be connected. Recreation and entertainment including sports, games, theater, dance, and music can be connected. Occupations including service occupations, industrial occupations, communication occupations, transportation occupations, building occupations, and food-related occupations can be connected. Customs including institutional customs, social interaction customs, clothing and dress customs, living and dwelling customs, and vital customs can be connected.

Conceptual culture

Conceptual culture including philosophy, applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and lanuage can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Philosophy including philosophical schools and doctrines, special topics, aesthetics, ethics, metaphysics, epistemology, and logic can be connected. Applied science including applied social science, medical science, information science, accounting, navigation, engineering science, and measurement can be connected. Mathematics including mathematical rigorization, statistics, geometry, analysis, algebra, and arithmetic can be connected. Literature including particular works, literary types and genres, literary forms, and oral tradition can be connected. Graphic arts including animation, photography, printmaking, painting, and drawing can be connected. Language including languages of the world, writing, and linguistics can be connected.

Material culture

Material culture including miscellaneous artifacts, communications technology, transportation technology, clothing and dress, foodstuffs, building technology, and industrial technology can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Miscellanous artifacts including sculpture, musical instruments, toys, and medicines can be connected. Communications technology including electronic communication, graphic communication, and written communication can be connected. Transportation technology including space technology, air transportation, water transportation, land transportation, and packaging can be connected. Clothing and dress including garments, adornment, and fabrics can be connected. Foodstuffs including prepared foods, preserved and processed foods, and raw foodstuffs can be connected. Building technology including outdoor structures, complete buildings, building components, furnishings, and materials can be connected. Industrial technology including advanced technology, utilities, weaponry, machinery, chemical technology, fuels, and tools can be connected.


Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Particular groups

Particular groups can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Human geography

Human geography including Asian geography, European geography, African geography, North American geography, South American geography, and Oceanic geography can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Asian geography including Southwest Asian geography, South Asian geography, Central Asian geography, North Asian geography, East Asian geography, and Southeast Asian geography can be connected. European geography including Balkan geography, Eastern European geography, Central European geography, Italian geography, Northwest European geography, Iberian geography, Scandinavian geography, and Island European geography can be connected. African geography including North African geography, West African geography, North Central African geography, South Central African geography, East African geography, and South African geography can be connected. North American geography including Northeastern American geography, Northwestern American geography, and Southwestern American geography can be connected. South American geography including Amazon geography, Andean geography, and Argentine geography can be connected. Oceanic geography including Australian geography, Pacific Island geography, and Antarctic geography can be connected.

Human ecology

Human ecology including human effects on the environment, relations with other life, and environmental effects on people can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Human effects on the environment can be connected. Relations with other life can be connected. Environmental effects on people can be connected.

Physical anthropology

Physical anthropology including human dispersion, racial variation, and human origins can be connected.

Human dispersion can be connected. Racial variation can be connected. Human origins can be connected.


Demography including population change, population size and structure, migration, mortality, and birth and fertility can be connected.

Population change can be connected. Population size and structure can be connected. Migration can be connected. Mortality and morbidity can be connected. Birth and fertility can be connected.

Social foundations

Social foundations including social group behavior, social group types, social control, and social interaction can be connected.

Social group behavior can be connected. Social group types can be connected. Social control can be connected. Social interaction can be connected. Social presentation can be connected.

Personal studies

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.


Biography can be connected.


Psychology including social psychology, personality, mental disorders, developmental psychology, behavior patterns, mind, and behavioral elements can be connected.

Social psychology can be connected. Personality can be connected. Mental disorders can be connected. Developmental psychology can be connected. Behavior patterns can be connected. Mind can be connected. Behavioral elements can be connected.

Human body

The human body including human form and appearance, human disease, the human life cycle, body functions, and body systems can be connected.

Human form and appearance can be connected. Human disease can be connected. Human life cycle can be connected. Body functions can be connected. Human body systems can be connected.


Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be used to examine 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010.

Biology including molecular biology can be connected. Biohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic life can be connected. Ecology including biogeography, ecosystems, evolution, system ecology, community ecology, population ecology, and behavioral ecology can be connected. Systematics including animals, fungi, plants, protists, and microbes can be connected. Organism biology including behavior, life cycle, morphology and form, organ systems, tissues, and habitat can be connected. Cell biology including cell types, cell behavior, and cell structure can be connected.

Earth science including atmospheric science, hydrospheric science, and geology can be connected. Geohistory including Precambrian, Paleozoic, Mesozoic, and Cenozoic periods can be connected. Physical geography including mapping, oceanic geography, and terrestrial geography can be connected.

Astronomy including galactic astronomy, stellar astronomy, and local astronomy can be connected. Chemistry including chemical systems, chemical change, and chemical substances can be connected.

Physics including the structure of matter can be connected. Quantum physics can be connected. Relativity including general relativity and special relativity can be connected. Electromagnetism including optics, magnetism, electric current, and electrostatics can be connected. Thermodynamics including statistical mechanics, nonclassical thermodynamics, and classical thermodynamics can be connected. Mechanics including gravitation and celestial mechanics, general mechanics, rigid body mechanics, and particle mechanics can be connected.

Created 25 Feb 2013 Last updated 16 Jan 2018