Third Quarter 2011

This will include events of July 2011, August 2011, and September 2011.

  • July 2011
  • August 2011
  • September 2011

July 2011

July 7 – The world's first artificial organ transplant is achieved, using an artificial windpipe coated with stem cells.[28] July 9 – South Sudan secedes from Sudan, per the result of the independence referendum held in January.[29] July 14 – South Sudan joins the United Nations as the 194th member.[citation needed] July 20 Goran Hadžic is detained in Serbia, becoming the last of 161 people indicted by the International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia.[30] The United Nations declares a famine in southern Somalia, the first in over 30 years.[31] July 21 – Space Shuttle Atlantis lands successfully at Kennedy Space Center after completing STS-135, concluding NASA's space shuttle program.[32] July 22 – Anders Behring Breivik kills 77 people in twin terrorist attacks in Norway, after a bombing in the Regjeringskvartalet government center in Oslo and a shooting at a political youth camp on the island of Utøya.[33][34][35][36] July 31 In Thailand over 12.8 million people are affected by severe flooding. The World Bank estimates damages at 1,440 billion baht (US$45 billion).[37] Some areas are still six feet under water, and many factory areas remained closed at the end of the year. 815[38] people are killed, with 58 of the country's 77 provinces affected.[39] Arab Spring: Because of the uncertaintities associated with a clamp-down of the free press, there are believed to be at least 121 people killed in a Syrian Army tank raid on the town of Hama and over 150 people are reportedly killed across the country.[40][41][42] The total dead throughout Syria may never be known, but an estimate as of September 24 is 3,000.

August 2011

August – Stock exchanges worldwide suffer heavy losses due to the fears of contagion of the European sovereign debt crisis and the credit rating downgraded as a result of the debt-ceiling crisis of the United States.[43][44] August 5 NASA announces that its Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter has captured photographic evidence of possible liquid water on Mars during warm seasons. Juno, the first solar-powered spacecraft on a mission to Jupiter, is launched from Cape Canaveral Air Force Station.[45] August 20–28 – Arab Spring and the Libyan civil war: In the Battle of Tripoli, Libyan rebels take control of the nation's capital, effectively overthrowing the government of Muammar Gaddafi.[46][47][48]

September 2011

September 5 – India and Bangladesh sign a pact to end their 40-year border demarcation dispute.[49] September 10 – Zanzibar ferry sinking: The MV Spice Islander I, carrying at least 800 people, sinks off the coast of Zanzibar, killing 240 people.[50] September 12 – Approximately 100 people die after a petrol pipeline explodes in Nairobi.[51] September 17 – Occupy Wall Street protests begin in the United States. This develops into the Occupy movement which spreads to 82 countries by October.[52][53][54][55][56][57][58][59][60] September 19 – With 434 dead, the United Nations launches a $357 million appeal for victims of the 2011 Sindh floods in Pakistan.[61]

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Created 28 Mar 2013 Last updated 13 Jan 2018