2016 Week 15

This includes events from Sunday, April 3, 2016 through Saturday April 9, 2016.


Events among Anglic peoples including Anglo-American peoples are numerous and not yet well analyzed. Events among Latin peoples include the release of the Panama papers, with international implications, and impeachment proceeding in Brazil. Among Germanic peoples, the aftermath of the bombings in Belgium continued. Events among Northeast European peoples are not yet well analyzed.

Middle Eastern peoples have numerous unanalyzed events. Afew are reported for Egypt. Events in India and Pakistan are not yet well connected to others. Events in China are not well connected. Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples have various miscellanous events.

Events among Eastern African, Western African, and Central African peoples are not yet well connected to others.

Other History

Other history including prehistory, antiquity, and classical and medieval history can be connected.

Other modern history

Other modern including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, and 19th century can be connected.

Other periods of the 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, and late mid 20th century can be connected. The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected. (1991-95 war in Croatia), Russian athletic doping

Other periods of the 21st century including the early 2000s can be connected. 2002 event inKyrgystan The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. 2006 event in Kyrgystan, 2007 Kenya Presidential election. 2010 event in Kyrgystan. 2010 David Cameron became PM

The early 2010s including 2011and 2012 can be connected. 2012 Kidnapping of a US Photographer 2013 including the first quarter 2013, second quarter 2013, third quarter 2013, and fourth quarter 2013 can be connected. 2014 including the first quarter 2014, second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected. NATO cut relations with Russia. Civil wars in Libya and Iraq began.

2015 including the first quarter 2015 can be connected. A PKK rebellion in Turkey began. Protest bagan in Brazil The second quarter 2015 including April 2015, March 2015, and June 2015 can be connected. The third quarter 2015 including July 2015, August 2015, and September 2015 can be connected.

The fourth quarter 2015 including October 2015 and November 2015 can be connected. The terrorist attack in Paris was remembered. Revelation of Russian athletic doping December 2015 including 2015 week 49, 2015 week 50, 2015 week 51, 2015 week 53, and 2015 week 53 can be connected.

Other periods of the late 2010s including other periods of 2016 can be connected.

Other 2016

Other periods of 2016 including the first quarter 2016 and other periods of the second quarter 2016 can be connected.

First quarter 2016

The first quarter 2016 including January 2015, February 2016, and March 2016 can be connected.

January 2016 including 2016 week 1, 2016 week 2, 2016 week 3, 2016 week 4, 2016 week 5, and 2016 week 6 can be connected. February 2016 including 2016 week 6, 2016 week 7, 2016 week 8, 2016 week 9, and 2016 week 10 can be connected. (Committee on drone regulations) March 2016 including 2016 week 10, 2016 week 11, 2016 week 12, 2016 week 13 (Brussels bombing) and 2016 week 14 can be connected. An attack killed an American officer

Other periods of the second quarter 2016 can be connected.

Other periods of April 2016 including 2016 week 14 can be connected. 2014 week 16 can be connected. 2016 week 17 can be connected.

The future can be connected.


Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Nations such as South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali, Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe, Chad, Cuba, Belgium, Greece, Rwanda, Tunisia, Portugal, Czech Republic, Bolivia, Guinea, Burundi, Haiti, Hungary, Somalia, Sweden, Belarus, Dominican Republic, Azerbaijan, Benin, Austria, Honduras, United Arab Emirates, South Sudan, Switzerland, Israel, Tajikistan, Bulgaria, Serbia, Hong Kong, Papua New Guinea, Libya, Paraguay, Jordan, Laos, El Salvador, Togo, Nicaragua, Eritrea, Denmark, Kyrgystan, Slovakia, Finland, Sierra Leone, Singapore, Turkmenistan, Norway, Central African Republic, Ireland, Georgia can be connected.

Western Civilization

Western Civilization including Anglic peoples, Latin peoples, Germanic peoples, and Northeast European peoples can be connected. Italy can be connected. Cities such as New York City can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 An attacker throws a grenade and fires shots outside a sports hall in the small town of Zubin Potok in northern Kosovo, just hours before Serbian Prime Minister Aleksandar Vucic was due to hold an election rally there. "A hand grenade exploded outside the sports hall but there are no injuries," Besim Hoti, a Kosovo police commander in the area, told Reuters. (Reuters)

Monday April 4, 2016 Panama Papers Icelandic Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson refuses to resign after leaked "Panama Papers" tax documents showed he and his wife used an offshore firm to allegedly hide million-dollar investments. "I have not considered quitting because of this matter nor am I going to quit because of this matter," Gunnlaugsson told Icelandic television Channel 2. (AFP via Times Live)

Monday April 4, 2016 European migrant crisis Greece starts deporting migrants to Turkey. (BBC)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Panama Papers Icelandic Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson temporarily steps down amid allegations his family attempted to hide millions in an offshore account. (The Guardian) The Prime Minister of Pakistan Nawaz Sharif sets an independent judicial commission to investigate allegations of graft against his family following documents leaked as part of the Panama papers showed his sons owned several offshore accounts. (AP via ABC News America)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 The International Criminal Tribunal for the former Yugoslavia, in a majority vote, ordered an "indefinite" halt in the war crimes trial of Croatian Serb rebel leader Goran Hadžic, who is terminally ill with brain cancer and declared "unfit to stand trial." Hadžic was charged with 14 war crimes and crimes against humanity for his role in the 1991–95 war in Croatia. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Hashim Thaçi is sworn in as the new President of Kosovo. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Friday April 8, 2016 Macedonian opposition leader Zoran Zaev pledges to boycott the early Macedonian parliamentary elections, saying it is due to a lack of government reforms. (Business Insider)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 European migrant crisis Five migrants drown off the island of Samos close to Turkey. (AP)

Anglic peoples including Anglo-American peoples can be connected. The United Kingdom can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 At least 18 people are injured following a collision between two trains at Plymouth railway station in the city of Plymouth, Devon. The crash has caused significant disruption to rail services in South West England. (Sky News)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Queensland term length referendum, 2016 The results of a referendum last month in the Australian state of Queensland with voters agreeing to plans for a four year fixed parliamentary term. (AAP via Yahoo! News)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 2015–16 Rangers F.C. season Rangers F.C., the association football club with the most domestic league titles in the world, earn promotion to the Scottish Premiership, returning to the nation's top division for the first time since their triple relegation for financial reasons in 2012. (BBC Sport)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Panama Papers United Kingdom Prime Minister David Cameron admits he benefited from a Panama-based offshore trust, Blairmore Holdings Inc., set up by his late father. Cameron says he divested himself of his shares, for £31,500 (US$44,300), before becoming prime minister in 2010. (The Guardian) (AP via The Washington Post) Jürgen Mossack, co-founder of the Mossack Fonseca law firm, resigns from an honorary, unpaid post on the National Council of Foreign Relations, which advises Panama's government on foreign policy. (The New York Times)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Australian mining and materials company Arrium goes into voluntary administration with 7,000 jobs under threat in Australia, including 1,000 at the Whyalla Steelworks in South Australia. (ABC News)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Panama Papers Thousands of people protest in Whitehall calling on British Prime Minister David Cameron to resign over his financial affairs and his handling of them in relation to revelations made by the leak of the Panama Papers. (Independent)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 British horse Rule The World wins the 2016 Grand National. (BBC)

Anglo-American peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 The Health Information Trust Alliance, a nonprofit industry group, warns that hospitals in the United States must prepare for more ransomware attacks. A review late last year of some 30 mid-sized U.S. hospitals found 52 percent were infected with malicious software. This week, an attack on MedStar Health forced the largest healthcare provider in the Washington, D.C. area, to shut down much of its computer network. (Reuters).

Sunday, April 3, 2016 2016 Chester, Pennsylvania train derailment Two people are killed and 35 injured when a United States Amtrak passenger train on the Palmetto route traveling from New York City to Savannah, Georgia, with 341 passengers and seven crew on board, derails in Chester, Pennsylvania, after striking a backhoe that was on the track. Local media reports the deceased are veteran Amtrak workers. Area hospitals are treating the injured; none in life-threatening condition. (CNN) (NBC Philadelphia) (BBC) (Reuters)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 2016 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Tournament The 2016 United States women's college basketball national championship will be decided when two former Big East Conference foes meet at Bankers Life Fieldhouse in Indianapolis at 8:30 p.m. EDT, Tuesday, April 5, 2016. Connecticut topped Oregon State 80–51, and Syracuse claimed an 80–59 win over Washington in Sunday's semifinals. Syracuse (30–7, 13–3 ACC) will be making its first appearance in the NCAA title game. UConn (37–0, 18–0 American), a 10-time national champion and defending champion for the fourth straight season, has won every title game it has played in. (ESPN) (ESPN²)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 The Associated Press reports a government-sponsored committee of 27 companies/trade associations, set up by the U.S. FAA in February, on Friday submitted recommendations that could clear the way for commercial drone flights over populated areas, and help speed the introduction of package delivery drones. (AP)

Monday April 4, 2016 North Korea and weapons of mass destruction, North Korea–United States relations North Korea threatens a genocide against the United States of America. (News.com.au)

Monday April 4, 2016 The United States Supreme Court unanimously rules the one person, one vote requirement may be satisfied by drawing election districts based on the total population of a place, turning down a legal effort to reinterpret the rule that it be based only on the number of people eligible to vote. (The Washington Post) (The Atlantic)

Monday April 4, 2016 The Supreme Court decided two cases where businesses appealed the previous rulings, finding for the plaintiffs in both. The Court upheld a more than $150 million class action judgment on Walmart's treatment of workers in Pennsylvania, and upheld a $203 million judgment against Wells Fargo over allegations the bank imposed excessive overdraft fees. (Reuters via CNBC)

Monday April 4, 2016 Alaska Airlines announces plans to acquire Virgin America for $4 billion. (Street Insider)

Monday April 4, 2016 Tax inversion The U.S. Treasury Department announces new regulations to curb tax-avoiding corporate inversions, i.e., where U.S. companies slash their tax bills by claiming a new tax home overseas, though their core operations and management remain in the United States. The pending $160 billion merger of Pfizer Inc. and Allergan, Plc could be cancelled because of these new rules. (CNN Money) (Reuters)

Monday April 4, 2016 Five people are killed when a tourist helicopter crashes in the American town of Sevierville, Tennessee. (Fox News)

Monday April 4, 2016 Sport Basketball 2016 NCAA Men's Division I Basketball Championship Game In American college basketball, the Villanova Wildcats defeat the North Carolina Tar Heels 77–74. (NBC Sports)

Monday April 4, 2016 The Naismith Memorial Basketball Hall of Fame announces its 2016 induction class, consisting of 10 individuals who will formally enter the Hall on September 9. Zelmo Beaty, Allen Iverson, Shaquille O'Neal, Cumberland Posey, Sheryl Swoopes, and Yao Ming will be inducted as players, Tom Izzo and John McLendon as coaches, Jerry Reinsdorf as a contributor, and Darell Garretson as a referee. (Hall of Fame press release)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 United States presidential election, 2016 Voters in the U.S. state of Wisconsin go to the polls for a primary election with Ted Cruz winning the Republican Party contest and Bernie Sanders winning the Democratic Party primary. (ABC News America), (Reuters via ABC News Australia)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 LGBT rights in the United States Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant approves a new law that allows religious groups and private businesses to deny services to gay and transgender people. (AP via The Washington Post)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 In American football, Twitter wins the bidding contest over Amazon, Verizon, and others, for streaming rights to 10 of 16 National Football League (NFL) regular season Thursday Night Football Games, ones that will also be telecast by either CBS or NBC. The league streamed one game last year with Yahoo!. Verizon, meanwhile, already owns the mobile rights to all NFL games which are available to subscribers via a mobile app; the 10 NFL games on Twitter will be free. (Re/code) (ESPN) (NFL.com)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Tax inversion Pfizer Inc. decides to terminate its $160 billion merger with Allergan, Plc as officials in Washington crack down on corporate inversions. Pfizer will need to pay a $400 million fee to Allergan for expenses relating to the deal. (Bloomberg)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 2016 NCAA Women's Division I Basketball Championship Game In women's college basketball, the Connecticut Huskies top the Syracuse Orange to cap a perfect season (38-0) with the program's fourth straight national championship, and in all four, UConn's senior center Breanna Stewart wins the Final Four's Most Outstanding Player. (CNN) (ESPN)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 Hedge fund impresario Bill Ackman faces skeptical questioning from investors after his Pershing Square fund loses big on both Herbalife and Valeant Pharmaceuticals. (Reuters)

Thursday April 7, 2016 United States presidential election, 2016, Donald Trump endorsements Former New York City mayor Rudy Giuliani endorses Donald Trump for U.S. President, predicting Trump will get more than 50% of the statewide vote. (CBS News)

Thurdsay April 7, 2016 Planned Parenthood and the American Civil Liberties Union sue Indiana stating the U.S. state's new abortion law is unconstitutional because it bans the procedure if sought because of genetic abnormalities. (CBS News with AP) (Reuters)

Thursday April 7, 2016 LGBT rights in the United States The Mississippi Hospitality and Restaurant Association, in response to the potential backlash from Mississippi Governor Phil Bryant's signing of the so-called religious freedom bill which permits denial of services because of religious belief, will distribute decals that say "Everyone's Welcome Here." Mike Cashion, MHRA director, says the bill "created a level of controversy" that affects Mississippi's image. (Jackson Free Press)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Bloomberg News reports Verizon Communications plans a bid for Yahoo Inc.’s Web business, including Yahoo Japan Corp., next week. Google, Time Inc., and private equity funds Bain and TPG are considering bidding for Yahoo’s core business. AT&T Inc., Comcast, and Microsoft Corp. reportedly aren't interested. (Reuters) (Bloomberg News)

Thursday April 7, 2016 American Idol (season 15) Trent Harmon is declared as the last winner of the American singing competition series, American Idol, which concluded after 15 seasons. (E! Online)

Friday April 8, 2016 LGBT rights in the United States A group of United States mayors forms "Mayors Against Discrimination" in the wake of recent discriminatory laws enacted in North Carolina and Mississippi against LBGT individuals. The founding members are city leaders from Honolulu, New York City, Philadelphia, Portland, Oakland, San Francisco, Sante Fe, Seattle, Tampa, and Washington, D.C. (AP) (Huffington Post) (Mayor Edward Murray)

Friday April 8, 2016 United States presidential election, 2016 The Colorado Republican Party continues choosing its delegates to the 2016 Republican National Convention in Cleveland. Ted Cruz has swept all of the delegates available so far. The process which began last Saturday (April 2, 2016) will conclude tomorrow. (Washington Post)

Friday April 8, 2016 At least two people are reported dead following a shooting at Lackland Air Force Base, in the U.S. state of Texas. (CNBC)

Friday April 8, 2016 Syria–United States relations Syria releases American freelance photographer Kevin Patrick Dawes who was kidnapped in 2012. (Washington Post)

Friday April 8, 2016 Bangladesh–United States relations U.S. State Department spokesman Mark Toner condemns Wednesday's "barbaric murder" of Nazimuddin Samad, and says federal officials are considering granting refuge to a select number of Bangladeshi writers who are under "imminent danger" because of their critical views of radical Islamists. (UPI)

Friday April 8, 2016 Both Starwood Hotels and Resorts Worldwide and Marriott International shareholders approve Marriott's acquisition of Starwood, which will create the world's largest hotelier. The deal has cleared the pre-merger antitrust reviews in the United States and Canada; approvals from the European Union and China is pending. Last week, Anbang Insurance Group topped Marriott's bid, then withdrew their offer three days later. (Reuters) (UPI)

Friday April 8, 2016 North Carolina bathroom bill Bruce Springsteen and the E Street Band cancels their Sunday night concert in Greensboro, North Carolina, to protest the state's controversial "bathroom bill." (Rolling Stone)

Friday April 8, 2016 Three people are killed, and there was one survivor, following the crash of a small plane headed to Angoon in Southeast Alaska, United States. (KTUU-TV)

Friday April 8, 2016 SpaceX CRS-8 SpaceX launches a NASA cargo run to the International Space Station, and in a spaceflight first, successfully lands its reusable main-stage booster on an autonomous spaceport drone ship. (The Verge) (Reuters)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Former New Orleans Saints defensive end Will Smith is shot dead in a road rage incident. (CNN)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 United States presidential election, 2016 Registered Democratic voters in the U.S. state of Wyoming gather, by county, for the Wyoming Democratic caucuses. Bernie Sanders is projected to win. (Wyoming Tribune), (The Hill)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Puerto Rican Governor Alejandro García Padilla announces he ―declared a state of emergency at the Commonwealth's Government Development Bank yesterday, which allows withdrawals only to fund necessary costs for health, public safety, and education services. Without this measure and debt restructuring, the United States territory would be forced to default as it faces nearly $2.5 billion in bond payments from May through July. (AP via The Washington Post)

Latin peoples including Hispanic and Lusitanic peoples can be connected. France can be connected. Cities such as Mexico City can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Guillaume Pepy, France's national railway company president, announces armed train marshals, in civilian dress, will be patrolling some passenger trains. (AP)

Friday April 8, 2016 Egypt–Italy relations, Murder of Giulio Regeni Italy recalls its ambassador to Egypt for consultations in protest over the lack of progress in a probe into the fate of murdered Cambridge University student Giulio Regeni. "We want only one thing, the truth about what happened to Giulio," Foreign Minister Paolo Gentiloni said on Friday. (AFP via Yahoo! News)

Friday April 8, 2016 The French occupy movement known as Nuit debout enters its ninth day, "March 40," spreading across dozens of French cities and to Belgium, Germany, and Spain. (The Guardian)

Friday April 8, 2016 Aftermath of the November 2015 Paris attacks Six people are arrested in Belgium including: Mohamed Abrini, wanted in connection with the 2015 Paris attacks, is arrested in Belgium. (Reuters via Ynet) Osama Krayem, thought to have assisted the bomber at the subway during the 2016 Brussels bombings. (BBC News)

Hispanic peoples such as those of Mexico can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Panama Papers A leak of 11.5 million documents from law firm Mossack Fonseca reveals details of shell companies used by 12 current or former world leaders including President of Russia Vladimir Putin whose aides allegedly shuffled billions of dollars. (ABC News via 9MSN) The documents, 2.6 terabytes of information, were obtained more than a year ago from an anonymous source by the German newspaper Süddeutsche Zeitung. Journalists from more than 80 countries have been working with this data. The documents expose holdings of 12 current and former world leaders, and 128 more politicians and public officials worldwide. The national leaders named include Pakistan Prime Minister Nawaz Sharif; Ukraine's President Petro Poroshenko, and Iceland's Prime Minister Sigmundur Davíð Gunnlaugsson. (The Guardian)(USA Today)

Monday April 4, 2016 Mexico City authorities declare a pollution alert after smog rose to 1.5 times acceptable limits the day before implementation of the City's new, temporary air quality program that will keep one-fifth of the city's cars at home every weekday. (AP)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Mexico–United States relations Due to concerns about an increasingly anti-Mexican climate across the border, Mexico unexpectedly changes two of its top officials responsible for U.S. relations. Foreign Minister Claudia Ruiz Massieu told local media, "We have been warning that our citizens have begun to feel a more hostile climate. This (anti-Mexican) rhetoric has made it clear that we have to act in a different way so that this tendency being generated doesn't damage the bilateral relationship." (Reuters)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Panama Papers France places Panama back on its list of countries that do not cooperate in catching tax evaders. "France has decided to put Panama back on the list of uncooperative countries, with all the consequences that will have for those who have transactions" with the Central American state, Finance Minister Michel Sapin, told Parliament on Tuesday. (AFP via Al Jazeera)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Peruvian general election, 2016 Peruvians protest in five cities, including the capital Lima, against the presidential candidacy of Keiko Fujimori, daughter of imprisoned ex-president Alberto Fujimori, who exactly 24 years ago this day carried out a coup by shutting down Congress and taking over the courts with the support of the military. Keiko Fujimori is the front runner in Sunday's April 10, 2016, election. Yesterday, Fujimori committed to respect democratic liberties and the rule of law, and to work against corruption, which some opponents have rejected. The Organization of American States says the election could lack credibility unless two recently-disqualified candidates are allowed to run. (NBC News) (AP via The Washington Post) (Prensa Latina)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Panama Papers The government of Panama announces that it is creating an "international panel" to help improve transparency in its offshore financial industry. The move follows the leak of millions of documents from law firm Mossack Fonseca, showing it helped some clients evade tax and avoid sanctions. (BBC)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Colombia's Constitutional Court votes in favor of same-sex marriage, in a 6-3 decision. (ABC News) (The Advocate)

Friday April 8, 2016 Panama Papers El Salvador officials seize documents and equipment during a raid of the local offices of Panamanian law firm Mossack Fonseca. Attorney General Douglas Melendez says authorities interviewed seven employees, and confiscated 20 computers and some documents. (Reuters)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Internal conflict in Peru At least two people are killed in a remote part of Peru in an attack by Shining Path guerillas. (Daily Mail)

Friday April 8, 2016 At least 245 people are reportedly injured following a head-on collision between two commuter trains in San José, Costa Rica. (The Star)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 At least 23 people are killed and 32 others injured after a bus plunges into a river in southeastern Peru. (AFP via ABC News)

Lusitanic peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected.

Tuesday April 5, 2016 2015–16 protests in Brazil Marco Aurélio Mello, a Supreme Federal Court judge orders Brazil's Chamber of Deputies to start impeachment proceedings against Vice President Michel Temer over charges he helped doctor budget accounting as part of President Dilma Rousseff's administration. (Reuters)

Germanic peoples such as those of Germany can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Aftermath of the 2016 Brussels bombings Two weeks after the deadly suicide bombings, Brussels Zaventem International Airport will reopen today with three symbolic flights to Faro, Athens, and Turin. On Thursday, the airport had said it was "technically ready" to resume partial services, but the opening was held up because police unions threatened to strike unless additional security checks were introduced. (AsiaOne) (The Jewish Press)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 Dutch Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement referendum, 2016 Voters in the Netherlands go to the polls for a non-binding referendum on approval of the Ukraine–European Union Association Agreement. (EU Observer) The results, while not official yet, show voters solidly rejecting the approval of the Association Agreement with 61.1 percent and turnout reaching over the 30 percent threshold for the referendum to be valid. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 2016 Brussels bombings Mohamed Abrini has reportedly admitted to being the "man in the hat" sought after the Brussels bombings. He is also being charged with involvement in the November 2015 Paris attacks. (BNO News)

Northeast European peoples such as those of Russia can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 European migrant crisis Czech Minister of the Interior Milan Chovanec says that authorities in Prague will send a group of 25 Iraqi Christians back to Iraq after they tried to move to Germany rather than staying in the Czech Republic. The refugees were on their way to Germany via bus before being stopped at the border. Czech authorities agreed to a request by the German police to take the people back. Chovanec said the 25 Iraqis abused Czech generosity and should go back to Iraq within seven days. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty) Last month's agreement between the European Union and Turkey will be implemented Monday as migrants currently on Greek islands will be returned to the Turkish mainland. (AP)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Abortion in Poland Thousands of people attended a pro-choice rally outside Parliament of Poland in Warsaw after Jaroslaw Kaczynski, the leader of the ruling Law and Justice party, backed a call by Polish Catholic bishops for a full ban on abortion. (Euronews via Reuters)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 The President of Russia Vladimir Putin announces the creation of a new National Guard, which he said would fight terrorism and organized crime. However, some critics claim the creation of the National Guard is linked to the upcoming legislative election this September with them saying that Putin fears unrest, something Putin's spokesman Dmitry Peskov denies. (BBC)

Friday April 8, 2016 NATO–Russia relations NATO announces it will hold a meeting of the NATO–Russia Council at the ambassadorial level at NATO headquarters in Brussels in the next two weeks after a two-year break since NATO cut all practical cooperation with Russia in 2014. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Friday April 8, 2016 China-Russia relations Russia postpones a transfer of missile engines to China. There is concern the technology could be passed on to a third country, such as North Korea. China is not a member of the Missile Technology Control Regime, a voluntary, informal partnership between 34 countries to prevent proliferation of missile delivery systems that could carry weapons of mass destruction. (UPI)

Friday April 8, 2016 Russian Sports Minister Vitaly Mutko says they will not open up a formal investigation into the doping scandals that were reported by the World Anti-Doping Agency last November, where it documented Russian athletes systematically taking banned performance-enhancing drugs with state support. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Asiatic peoples including Middle Eastern peoples, South Asian peoples, Oriental peoples, and Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples can be connected. Thailand can be connected. Cities such as Seoul can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict 2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes Azerbaijan calls a unilateral ceasefire in its fight with ethnic Armenians one day after 30 soldiers died. The Associated Press reports rebel forces reject Azerbaijan's claims, saying they see no sign the government has stopped fighting. (AP), (BBC) (NPR)

Monday April 4, 2016 Nagorno-Karabakh conflict, Armenia–Azerbaijan relations Armenia will recognize the independence of the breakaway Nagorno-Karabakh Republic from Azerbaijan if military actions there continue, according to Armenian President Serzh Sargsyan. Azerbaijan has resorted to an "unprecedented provocation along the entire perimeter of the contact line" with Nagorno-Karabakh, Sargsyan told a meeting with ambassadors from member states of the Organization for Security and Co-operation in Europe, referring to the latest flare-up of the conflict. (Reuters)

Monday April 4, 2016 The President of Kyrgyzstan Almazbek Atambayev signs a presidential decree officially recognizing March 17, March 24, and April 7 as public holidays for Kyrgyzstan. The dates are meant to commemorate the days of Kyrgyzstan's massive anti-government revolts. On March 17, 2002, during anti-government protests in the Aksy District, police killed four protesters, while March 24 and April 7 commemorate the Tulip Revolution of 2006 and the Second Kyrgyz Revolution of 2010, respectively. (Radio Free Europe/Radio Liberty)

Friday April 8, 2016 2016 Armenian–Azerbaijani clashes An ethnic Armenian soldier dies in overnight clashes. (News Armenia)

Middle Eastern peoples including Egyptian and Persian peoples can be connected. Turkey can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Yemeni President Abd Rabbuh Mansur Hadi sacks Prime Minister and Vice President of Yemen Khaled Mahfoudh Bahah. Hadi named top general Ali Mohsen al-Ahmar as his new Vice President and appointed Ahmed Obeid bin Daghr, a former official in Saleh's General People's Congress as the new Prime Minister. (Reuters)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Syrian Civil War Battle of al-Qaryatayn (March–April 2016) The Syrian Army retakes control of al-Qaryatayn, Homs Governorate, after driving out ISIL militants. (Reuters) The Syrian Observatory for Human Rights reports the al-Nusra Front's spokesperson Abu Firas al-Suri was among 20 militants killed in a suspected Russian airstrike on a village near the city of Idlib in northwestern Syria. (Reuters)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Military intervention against ISIL, Iraq Civil War The United States military reports a drone attack killed ISIL rocket expert Jasim Khadijah. The unmanned airstrike also killed other IS militants and destroyed at least one makeshift drone. Khadijah, a former Iraqi officer, is believed responsible for the March attack that killed a U.S. Marine in northern Iraq. (UPI) (Daily Mail) Iraqi forces capture the northern part of the ISIL held town of Hit, west of Baghdad. (AP)

Monday April 4, 2016 Iraqi Civil War (2014–present) More than 20 people have been killed in attacks targeting Shiite militias and government forces. (Reuters)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Syrian Civil War Al-Nusra Front militants shoot down a Syrian Arab Air Force Sukhoi Su-22 fighter jet and capture its pilot in the northern Aleppo Governorate. (The Telegraph)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 PKK rebellion (2015–present) The Turkish military say it carried out air strikes in northern Iraq against targets belonging to the Kurdistan Workers' Party, hitting weapon stores and shelters. (Al Jazeera)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 Libyan Civil War (2014–present) The self-declared National Salvation government, one of the rival governments of Libya, resigns and gives up power to the UN-backed Libyan Presidential Council in Tripoli. (The Guardian)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 Syrian Civil War Aleppo offensive (April 2016) The Syrian Army and its allies launch an offensive south of Aleppo. (Jerusalem Post)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Syrian Civil War According to Syrian state television, ISIL militants kidnapped over 300 staff members from a cement factory outside of the city of Al-Dumayr earlier this week and no contact with them has been made since. (Al Jazeera)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Military intervention against ISIL Turkish Armed Forces shell ISIL positions hours after projectiles hit Turkey's Kilis Province. (Hurriyet)

Friday April 8, 2016 Djiboutian presidential election, 2016 Voters in Djibouti go to the polls for the first round of voting in a presidential election with current President Ismaïl Omar Guelleh winning a fourth term in office. (BBC), (AFP via Daily Mail)

Friday April 8, 2016 Iraqi Civil War (2014–present) Hit offensive (2016) The Iraqi Army recaptures the western town of Hit, Al Anbar Governorate, after driving out hundreds of ISIL militants. (Reuters)

Friday April 8, 2016 Syrian Civil War Damascus offensive (April 2016) ISIL militants reportedly execute 175 workers who were captured earlier this week at a cement factory situated to the east of Damascus. (RT) (Daily Mail)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Military intervention against ISIL The United States Air Force deploys B-52 bombers to Al Udeid Air Base in Qatar to join operations against ISIL in Syria and Iraq. This is the first time they have been stationed in the Middle East since the end of the Gulf War in 1991. (Reuters)

Egypt can be connected.

Friday April 8, 2016 Egypt–Saudi Arabia relations King of Saudi Arabia Salman bin Abdulaziz Al Saud announces, during his trip to Cairo, that a bridge crossing the Red Sea will be built, linking Egypt and Saudi Arabia. Egyptian President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi says the bridge will be named after the Saudi monarch. A Saudi–Egypt Causeway project has been in the works for years. (BBC)

Friday April 8, 2016 Sinai insurgency At least seven people are killed, including five Egyptian Army soldiers, a military officer and a civilian woman in two separate blasts in Egypt's Sinai Peninsula. ISIL's Sinai branch claimed responsibility for the attacks on several websites. (Reuters)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Egypt–Saudi Arabia relations Egypt and Saudi Arabia reach an agreement on the disputed islands of Tiran Island and Sanafir Island, placing the formerly Egyptian-administered islands officially under Saudi Arabian sovereignty. (Daily Mail)

Persian peoples such as those of Iran can be connected.

South Asian peoples such as those of India and Pakistan can be connected. Bangladesh can be connected.

April 7, 2016 Attacks on secularists in Bangladesh Attackers in Bangladesh wielding machetes kill Nazimuddin Samad, a liberal blogger. (Reuters) Students from Jagannath University in Dhaka, where Nazimuddin Samad studied, protest the killing and tell reporters that police inaction over previous killings contributed to the death of Samad. (BBC)

India can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 India–Saudi Arabia relations In Riyadh, India's Prime Minister Narendra Modi and Saudi Arabia's King Salman sign five agreements, including plans to increase investments, and to cooperate in intelligence sharing. (AP)

Monday April 4, 2016 Mehbooba Mufti, leader of the Peoples Democratic Party, becomes Jammu and Kashmir's first female Chief Minister. (The Guardian)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 India's health ministry orders government agencies to enforce a new rule for larger health warnings that cover 85 percent of a cigarette pack's surface, up from 20 percent now. India's biggest cigarette maker ITC Ltd., part-owned by British American Tobacco, and Godfrey Phillips India Ltd., a partner of U.S.-based Philip Morris International, shut factories on Friday in protest. (Reuters)

Pakistan can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 2016 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa flood At least 45 people are killed and another 34 hospitalized following heavy rains and flash floods in the northwestern Pakistani province of Khyber Pakhtunkhwa. (Dawn) (AP)

Monday April 4, 2016 -- 2016 Khyber Pakhtunkhwa flood At least 63 people are killed and over 30 are injured as flash floods ravage Khyber Pakhtunkhwa, Azad Kashmir and other parts of northwest Pakistan. (Al Jazeera)

Oriental peoples such as those of China can be connected. Japancan be connected. Cities such as Tokyo can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Japan–Philippines relations A Japanese Navy submarine makes a port call in the Philippines, the first in fifteen years, in a show of growing military cooperation amid tension triggered by China's growing assertiveness in the South China Sea. It was escorted into the former U.S. Naval Base at Subic Bay by two Japanese destroyers on a tour of Southeast Asia. (Reuters)

Monday April 4, 2016 China–Vietnam relations Vietnam seizes a Chinese fishing vessel for intruding in its waters and tows the vessel to the port of Hai Phong. (AP)

Monday April 4, 2016 Law and crime South Korea announces plans to reduce the amount of immigrants entering the country illegally. (Yonhap)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 North Korea and weapons of mass destruction South Korea has determined North Korea is capable of mounting a nuclear warhead on its medium-range Rodong-1 ballistic missile, which could reach all of South Korea and most of Japan, according to a senior government official. (The New York Times)

Friday April 8, 2016 North Korea–South Korea relations, North Korean defectors A group of 13 North Koreans working at a restaurant in an unidentified country defect en masse to South Korea, according to Seoul's Ministry of Unification. (USA Today)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 North Korea and weapons of mass destruction North Korea claims to have successfully tested the engine for an intercontinental ballistic missile. (BBC)


Tuesday April 5, 2016 China–North Korea relations China's Ministry of Commerce says that it is restricting trade with North Korea, in line with the recent sanctions approved by the United Nations Security Council last March. China will be banning the export of jet fuel and import of gold, some coal and "rare earth metals" used in high-tech goods. (BBC)

Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples including Southeast Asian Island peoples can be connected. Vietnam can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 A 6.9 magnitude earthquake occurs off the coast of Vanuatu with a tsunami warning issued. (USGS)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Moro attacks on Sabah, Moro Conflict Four Sarawakian Malaysians are kidnapped off the coast of Sabah by suspected members of the Abu Sayyaf, a group linked to the Islamic State of Iraq and the Levant. (The New York Times)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 The Military junta of Thailand gives the Royal Thai Armed Forces broad police-like powers. The military is now allowed to prevent or suppress over 27 types of offenses. The move created an outcry from human rights organizations and prompted the United States to express its concern over the growing influence of the military in the country. (The Guardian)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 2015–16 South Pacific cyclone season Cyclone Zena, now a category 3 storm, heads for Fiji, where a tropical depression already dumped up to 12 inches of rain on the western and northern parts of Fiji's largest and most populous island, Viti Levu, triggering major flash flooding that's killed at least two people. The archipelago is still recovering from category 5 Cyclone Winston that killed 44 people in February. (Weather.com) (Television New Zealand)

Thursday April 7, 2016 The National Assembly of Vietnam approves Nguy?n Xuân Phúc as the country's new prime minister, succeeding Nguy?n T?n Dung. (Reuters) (Shanghai Daily)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Aung San Suu Kyi, now the State Counsellor of Myanmar, says she will press for the release of political prisoners and student activists in the country, hinting that a mass amnesty may be imminent, a week after her government took power. (The Guardian)

Thursday April 7, 2016 Another earthquake measuring at 6.7 strikes off the northwest of Vanuatu, the third earthquake in the same region this week. However, the Pacific Tsunami Warning Center says the earthquake poses no tsunami threat. (Radio New Zealand)

Friday April 8, 2016 A Myanmar court releases 69 jailed student activists in the first wave of amnesty for the country's political prisoners, with more releases expected. This comes after State Counsellor Aung San Suu Kyi vowed to push for the release of all the political prisoners in Myanmar. (Al Jazeera)

Southeast Asian Island peoples such as those of Indonesia can be connected. The Philippines can be connected.

Tuesday April 5, 2016 Philippine general election, 2016 Imee Marcos (daughter of Ferdinand and Imelda Marcos and sister of vice presidential candidate Bongbong Marcos), her three sons, and JV Ejercito (son of Manila mayorial candidate Joseph Estrada) are among hundreds of Filipino celebrities and politicians implicated for laundering money in tax havens. (GMA News), (Philippine Daily Inquirer)

Friday April 8, 2016 The Prime Minister of Madagascar Jean Ravelonarivo and his cabinet resign from office with no explanation given. (The Guardian)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 Moro Conflict 2016 Battle of Basilan At least 18 soldiers are killed and 52 injured in clashes with Abu Sayyaf militants and allied gunmen in Basilan island, Philippines. (FOX News)

Indonesia can be connected.

African peoples including Eastern African, Western African, and Central African peoples can be connected. South Africa can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 The Parliament of South Africa announces it will debate a motion to impeach President Jacob Zuma this coming Tuesday. This comes after Zuma is facing mounting pressure when the Constitutional Court ruled that Zuma violated the constitution by using state funds to renovate his mansion. Yesterday, anti-apartheid veteran Ahmed Kathrada joined opposition leaders in calling for Zuma's resignation. (Al Jazeera)

Tuesday April 5, 2016 The South African Parliament debates a minority motion to impeach President Jacob Zuma following last week's Constitutional Court judgment that Zuma had violated the constitution in a spending scandal involving the president's private home. The African National Congress has a 249 - 151 majority, making this motion's chance of gaining a two-thirds majority unlikely. (AP via The Washington Post) (Reuters) The motion failed by 243 votes to 133. (News24)

East African peoples such as those of Ethiopia can be connected.

Tuesday April 5, 2016 The International Criminal Court terminates the case against Kenya's Deputy President William Ruto and ends his trial, saying there is insufficient evidence he was involved in deadly violence that erupted after his country's 2007 presidential election. (Al Jazeera)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 2016 Ethiopia flood Deadly floods hit Ethiopia, leaving at least 28 people dead as seasonal rains come early to the country. The majority of these deaths occurred in the city of Jijiga while elsewhere, heavy downpours of rain were reported with more floods expected in the next few days. (Al Jazeera)

Thursday April 7, 2016 South Sudanese Civil War Former Vice President and opposition leader Riek Machar says he will return to the capital Juba on April 18 to form a transitional government with President Salva Kiir Mayardit in the hopes of bringing peace to South Sudan after their acrimonious split ignited more than two years of war. (Al Jazeera)

West African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 Police forcibly break up a protest in Malé, Maldives, with tear gas and pepper spray and detain multiple journalists. The demonstration was against government moves to introduce a new law to criminalize defamation. (BBC)

Monday April 4, 2016 Armed conflicts Boko Haram insurgency Nigeria's army says it has arrested Khalid al-Barnawi, a leader of the Boko Haram splinter group Ansaru. (Reuters)

Wednesday April 6, 2016 Beninese businessman Patrice Talon is sworn in as the new President of Benin. (Euronews via Reuters)

Central African peoples such as those of Congo DR can be connected.

Monday April 4, 2016 Republic of the Congo presidential election, 2016 Fighting erupts between unknown assailants and police in the southern part of Brazzaville, capital of the Republic of the Congo, after a disputed Presidential election that brought Denis Sassou Nguesso back to power for a third term. The reason for the clashes is not immediately clear but they have taken place in districts where support for the opposition is strong. The government blames the violence on the Ninjas, a militant group active during the Second Republic of the Congo Civil War. (Al Jazeera) (BBC)

American Indian peoples

American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian, South American Indian, and North American Indian peoples can be connected. Mexico can be connected.

Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the southwestern United States can be connected. South American Indian peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.


Cities such as Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris, Nagoya, Lima, Chicago, Kinshasa, Tianjin, Chennai, Bengaluru, London, Saigon, Donguan, Hyderabad, Chengdu, Lahore, Jonannesburg, Tehran, Essen, Bangkok, Hong Kong, Wuhan, Ahmedabad, Chongqing, Baghdad, Hangzhou, Toronto, Kuala Lumpur, Santiago, Dallas, San Francisco, Quanzhou, Miami, Shenyang, Belo Horizonte, Philadelphia, Nanjing, Madrid, Houston, Xian, Milan can be connected.

World cities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, and Mumbai can be connected.

Social mechanics

Social mechanics including social change, social types, and social structure can be connected.

Social change

Particular changes and movements including stone age developments and the agricultural revolution can be connected. Agrarian developments including bronze age developments, American civilization, early iron age developments, late iron age developments, and modernization can be connected. The industrial revolution including the early industrial revolution, middle industrial revolution, and late industrial revolution can be connected.

Social change factors including institutional change, cultural change, demographic change, and natural change can be connected. Social change processes including innovation, transmission, adaptation, and extinction can be connected.

Social types including horticultural societies and hunting and gathering societies can be connected. Industrial societies can be connected. Agrarian societies can be connected.

Social structure including community and regional structure, class structure, institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected. Community and regional structure can be connected.


Institutions including religion, government, economics, education, and family studies can be connected.


Religion including particular religions, religous organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected.

Particular religions including pagan religion can be connected. Abrahamic religion including Christianity, Islam, and Judaism can be connected. Asian religion including Indian religion, East Asian religion, and Persian religion can be connected. Secularism can be connected.

Friday April 8, 2016 Pope Francis issues Amoris Laetitia or the Joy of Love, a document on the Roman Catholic approach to love, sex, marriage and family life. (AP) In the 256-page document, the Pope encourages the clergy to embrace sinners as well as saints, opens the door a bit for divorced and civilly remarried Catholics, and stresses that Catholics, with their own informed consciences guided by the light of the Gospel, address tricky moral questions in their life, and not only be guided by dogmatic rules from above. Francis also asserts the right to a natural death without aggressive treatment; firmly rejects the death penalty; and reiterates the Church's opposition to same-sex marriage. (AP²) (The Washington Post) (Vatican)

Religious organization can be connected. Religious practice can be connected. Religious belief can be connected.


Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected.

Particular governments including international government, national government and local government can be connected. Government activity including state relations, administration, and succession can be connected. Government structure including government forms, executive systems, legislative systems, judicial systems, and political parties and interest groups can be connected. Law including international law, Western law, Asian law, and tribal law can be connected.

Monday April 4, 2016 United Nations Secretary-General selection, 2016 Former New Zealand prime minister Helen Clark is running for Secretary-General of the United Nations, to succeed Ban Ki-moon whose second term expires at the end of this year. Clark, who is the first non-European and fourth woman among the eight announced candidates, was prime minister for nine years (1999–2008) and has been Administrator of the United Nations Development Programme since April 2009. The United Nations Trusteeship Council will begin preliminary meetings with candidates next week in New York City. (The Guardian) (AP via The Washington Post)

Economics including industries and economic activity can be connected. Economic systems including economic system behavior, economic system types, networks, and firms can be connected.

Education including school systems, educational organization, cultural institutions, teaching, and research can be connected.

Families including particular families, kinship, parenting, and marriage can be connected.


Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected.

Behavioral culture including cultural events, recreation and entertainment, occupations, and customs can be connected.

Sunday, April 3, 2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20, 2016 ICC Women's World Twenty20 West Indies women's national cricket team beat defending champions Australia women's national cricket team by 8 wickets the final in Kolkata. (ICC)

Sunday, April 3, 2016 2016 ICC World Twenty20 Defending champions The West Indies beat England by 4 wickets in the final in Kolkata. (BBC)

Saturday, April 9, 2016 In boxing, Anthony Joshua wins the International Boxing Federation heavyweight championship defeating Charles Martin the defending champion. (The Guardian)

Conceptual culture including philosophy, applied science, mathematics, literature, graphic arts, and language can be connected.

Material culture including miscellaneous artifacts, communications technology, transportation technology, clothing and dress, foodstuffs, building technology, and industrial technology can be connected.


Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Particular groups can be connected. Human geography including Asian geography, European geography, African geography, North American geography, South American geography, and Oceanic geography can be connected. Human ecology including human effects on the environment, relations with other life forms, and environmental effects on people can be connected. Physical anthropology including human dispersion, racial variation, and human origins can be connected. Demography including population change, population size and structure, migration, death, and birth and fertility can be connected. Social foundations including social group behavior, social group types, social control, social interaction, and social presentation can be connected.

Personal studies including the human body can be connected. Biography can be connected. Psychology including social psychology, personality, mental disorders, developmental psychology, behavior patterns, mind, and behavioral elements can be connected.

Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.

Created 8 Apr 2016 Last updated 28 Apr 2016