History of New York City

Introductory material



Modern history

Modern history including the 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be connected.

17th century

The 17th century including the early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected.

The early mid 17th century including the early 1620s, late 1620s, early 1630s, and late 1630s can be connected. New York City is considered to have been founded in 1624 by the Dutch as New Amsterdam. The mid 17th century including the early 1640s, late 1640s, early 1650s, and late 1650s can be connected. New Amsterdam was under Dutch rule. The late mid 17th century including the early 1660s, late 1660s, early 1670s, and late 1670s can be connected. The British conquered the city in 1664 and renamed it New York. The Dutch briefly regained control in 1673. The late 17th century including the early 1680s, late 1680s, early 1690s, and late 1690s can be connected. Leisler's Rebellion took place in 1689-1691.

18th century

The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected.

The early 18th cenury including the early 1700s, late 1700s, early 1710s, and late 1710s can be connected. New York city grew as a trading town. The early mid 18th century including the early 1720s, late 1720s, early 1730s, and late 1730s can be connected. The 1735 libel trial of John Peter Zenger was significant. The mid 18th century including the early 1740s, late 1740s, early 1750s, and late 1750s can be connected. New York City was a center of American colonial activity. The late mid 18th century including the early 1760s, late 1760s, early 1770s, and late 1770s can be connected. New York was a primary focus of the Ameican independence movement. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected. New York City became the largest city in the United States.

19th century

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. The city street grid was expanded to cover all of Manhattan island. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. The city became connected to the agricultural region of the United States with competion of the Erie Canal. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. Numerous Irish immigrants fled the Irish Famine between 1845 and 1852. Tammany Hall, a political machine, began to dominate politics in NYC. Central Park was created. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. During the American Civil war between 1851 and 1865, there were notable riots against the military draft. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected. New York city expanded to include the modern boroughs.

20th century

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. Subways and railroad stations developed, and numerous blacks came north from the southern US.

The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, and early 1930s can be connected. Immigrants came into NYC, and numerous buildings and public works were constructed. The late 1930s including 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940 can be connected. Numerous immigrants came from Europe. New York suffered the effects of the Great Depression. La Guardia continued as Mayor.

Mid 20th century

The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected.

The early 1940s including 1941, 1942, 1942, 1944, and 1945 can be connected. New York City's economy prospered during World War II. La Guardia continued as mayor. The late 1940s includinng 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, and 1950 can be connected. NYC emerged as the world's leading city after WW II. The early 1950s including 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, and 1955 can be connected. The UN relocated to new headquarters on the east side of Manhattan. The late 1950s including 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and 1960 can be connected. There was a building boom in Manhattan.

Late mid 20th century

The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected.

The early 1960s including 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1965 can be connected. There was some economic blight and urban decay in the early 1960s. John Lindsay was elected Mayor in 1965 The late 1960s including 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970 can be connected. New York City suffered race riots, gang wars, and some population decline in late 1960s. The late 1970s including 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. New York City narrowly avoided bankruptcy in 1975. Mayor Beame was elected in 1973. The late 1970s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected. There were blackouts in 1977 and several slayings by the "son of Sam". Edward Koch was elected Mayor in 1978.

Late 20th century

The late 20th century century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected. There was some urban renewal.

The early 1980s including 1981, 1982, 2983, 1984, and 1985 can be connected. Wall street finncial industries began to boom. Crime rates were high and vairious notorious incidents gained publicity. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. Mayor Edward Koch was defeated by David Dinkins in 1989. Crime rates were high and various notorious incidents gained publicity. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. Rudolf Giuliani was elected Mayor over David Dinkins in 1993. There was an attempted bombing of the World Trade Center. Crime rates began to drop. The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 can be connected. Rudolf Giuliani continued as Mayor. Crime rates continued to drop.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be connected.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, and 2004 can be connected. The destruction of the World Trade Center in New York City was one of the pivotal events of the early 21st century. 2005 including the first quarter 2005, second quarter 2005, third quarter 2005, and fourth quarter 2005 can be connected. January 27: Nicole duFresne, an aspiring actress, is shot dead in the Lower East Side section of Manhattan after being accosted by a gang of youths.[148] October 31: Peter Braunstein sexually assaults a co-worker while posing as a fireman, later leading officials on a multi-state manhunt. Braunstein was later sentenced to life and will be eligible for parole in 2023. December 20: Third New York City Transit strike lasts three days due to stiff penalties imposed to TWU Local 100 under the Taylor Law.

Late 2000s

The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected.

2006 including the first quarter 2006, second quarter 2006, third quarter 2006, and fourth quarter 2006 can be connected.January 11: 7-year-old Nixzmary Brown died after being beaten by her stepfather, Cesar Rodriguez, in their Brooklyn apartment. Rodriguez was convicted of first-degree manslaughter in March, 2008. February 25: Criminology graduate student Imette St. Guillen was brutally tortured, raped, and killed in New York City after being abducted outside the Falls bar in the SoHo section of Manhattan. Bouncer Darryl Littlejohn was convicted of the crime and sentenced to life imprisonment. April: One World Trade Center construction begins. April 1: New York University (NYU) student Broderick Hehman was killed after being hit by a car in Harlem. Hehman was chased into the street by a group of black teens who allegedly shouted "get the white boy". The death of Hehman echoed the death of Michael Griffith (manslaughter victim) 20 years earlier in Queens. May 29: Jeff Gross, founder of the Staten Island commune Ganas, was shot and wounded by former commune member Rebekah Johnson. Johnson was captured in Philadelphia on June 18, 2007 after being featured on America's Most Wanted. July 10: 66-year-old Romanian immigrant Dr. Nicholas Bartha committed suicide by blowing up his townhouse at 34 East 62nd Street in Manhattan while in the basement of the building. Bartha chose to demolish his home rather than relinquish it to his ex-wife as ordered by the courts. July: Parts of Queens suffered a blackout during a heat wave. July 25: Jennifer Moore, an 18-year-old student from New Jersey was abducted and killed after a night of drinking at a Chelsea bar. Her body was found outside a Weehawken motel. 35-year-old Draymond Coleman was convicted of the crime and sentenced to 50 years in 2010. October 8: Michael Sandy, a 29-year-old man, was hit by a car on the Belt Parkway in Brooklyn after being beaten by a group of white attackers. Sandy died of his injuries on October 13, 2006. The attack, which was being investigated as a hate crime hearkened back to the killing of Michael Griffith in 1986. October 11: A general aviation aircraft owned by New York Yankees pitcher Cory Lidle crashed into the 31st floor of the Belaire Apartments on the Upper East Side of Manhattan. Lidle, 34, was killed in the crash along with his flight instructor. November 25: Four NYPD officers fired a combined 50 shots at a group of unarmed men in Jamaica, Queens wounding, two and killing 23-year-old Sean Bell. The case sparked controversy over police brutality and racial profiling. New York City Global Partners established. Gun offender registration ordinance enacted. 2007 including the first quarter 2007, second quarter 2007, third quarter 2007, and fourth quarter 2007 can be connected. March 14: 32-year-old David Garvin went on a shooting rampage in Greenwich Village, killing a pizzeria employee and two auxiliary police officers before NYPD officers fatally shot him. July 18: A steam pipe explosion killed one and wounded twenty others near the corner of Lexington Avenue and East 41st Street in Manhattan. The New York Times Building was finished. Beaver José was spotted in Bronx River. 2008 including the first quarter 2008, second quarter 2008, third quarter 2008, and fourth quarter 2008 can be connected. February 12: Psychologist Kathryn Faughey was brutally murdered in her Manhattan office by a mentally ill man whose intended victim was a psychiatrist in the same practice. March: 2008 Times Square bombing. March 15: A crane collapse at a construction site in Turtle Bay killed seven and damaged adjacent buildings. September 15: Lehman Brothers went bankrupt. December 2: 25-year-old aspiring dancer Laura Garza disappeared after leaving a Manhattan nightclub with a sex offender named Michael Mele. Her remains were found in Olyphant, Pennsylvania in April 2010. On the first day of his trial in January 2012, Mele admitted to killing Garza and plead guilty to first degree manslaughter. December 11: Ponzi schemer Madoff arrested. 2009 including the first quarter 2009, second quarter 2009, third quarter 2009, and fourth quarter 2009 can be connected. January 15: US Airways Flight 1549 ditched in the Hudson River after both engines failed; all 150 passengers were successfully evacuated.Times Square began pedestrianization. High Line Park Phase I and Bank of America Tower were completed. Kickstarter was in business. Citi Field and new Yankee Stadium opened. New York Yankees won the World Series, first since 2000 and 27th overall. Iraq Veterans Against the War headquartered in city.[165] NYC BigApps contest began 2010 including the first quarter 2010, second quarter 2010, third quarter 2010, and fourth quarter 2010 can be connected. There was a Times square bombing attempt and a possible tornado.

Early 2010s

The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 can be connected.

2011 including the first quarter 2011, second quarter 2011, third quarter 2011, and fourth quarter 2011 can be connected. A movement known as Occupy Wall Street began.

2012 including the first quarter 2012, second quarter 2012, third quarter 2012, and fourth quarter 2012 can be connected. Hurricane Sandy caused extensive damage.

2013 including the first quarter 2013 can be connected. 21st century Fox was headquartered in the city. The second quarter 2013 including April 2013, May 2013, and June 2013 can be connected. The third quarter 2013 and fourth quarter 2013 can be connected.

2014 including the first quarter 2014 and second quarter 2014 can be connected. Bill de Blasio became mayor.

2015 including the first quarter 2015, second quarter 2015, third quarter 2015, and fourth quarter 2015 can be connected.

Late 2010s

The late 2010s including 2016 and 2017 can be connected.


2016 including the first quarter 2016 and second quarter 2016 can be connected.

The first quarter 2016 including January 2016 and February 2016 can be connected. The World Trade Center Transportation Hub opened. March 2016 including 2016 week 10, 2016 week 11, 2016 week 12, 2016 week 13, and 2014 week 14 can be connected.

The second quarter 2016 including April 2016 can be connected.

April 2016 including 2016 week 14, 2016 week 15, 2016 week 16, 2014 week 17, and 2016 week 18 can be connected.

The third quarter 2016 and fourth quarter 2016 can be connected.

2017 including the first quarter 2017 can be connected. The second quarter 2017 including April 2017 can be connected.


The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 16 Jan 2017 Last updated 13 Aug 2017