Istanbul was formerly known as Byzantium and Constantinople.
Antiquity including the early 1st millennium BC can be connected. Istanbul was founded as Byzantium about 660 BC. Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be connected.
Modern history including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be connected.
The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected.The city was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The city was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. The city was the capital of the Ottoman Empire. The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected. The city was the capital of the Ottoman Empire.
The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, and mid 20th century can be connected. It was renamed Istanbul in the 20th century. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be connected.
The early 21st century including the early 2000s and late 2000s can be connected. The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015 can be connected. Gezi park protests occurred in Taksim Square.
The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected. 2017 including the first quarter 2017, second quarter 2017, third quarter 2017, and fourth quarter 2017 can be connected.
The future including the near future, middle future, an far future can be connected.
Peoples of the world
Peoples of the world including major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.
Nations such as Russia, Bangladesh, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Egypt, Germany, Iran, Turkey, Congo DR, Thailand, France, United Kingdom, Italy, South Africa, South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali, Ecuador, Cambodia, Malawi, Zambia, Senegal, Zimbabwe can be connected.
Asiatic peoples including South Asian peoples, Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples, and Oriental peoples can be connected. Pakistan can be connected. South Asian peoples such as India can be connected. Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples such as those of Indonesia can be connected. Oriental peoples such as those of China can be connected.
Western Civilization including Anglic peoples can be connected. Brazil can be connected. Anglic peoples including the United States can be connected.
African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected.
American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian and North American Indian peoples can be connected. Brazil can be connected. Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.
Other communities such Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires can be connected.
Social mechanics including social change, social types, and social structure can be connected.
Institutions including economics, education, and family studies can be connected. Religion including particular religions, religious organization, religous practice, and religious belief can be connected. Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected.
Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected.
Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.
Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.
Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.
Created 10 June 2013 Last updated 20 Nov 2017