Introductory material




History including classical and medieval history, modern history, and the future can be connected.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical history, late classical history, early medieval history, and late medieval history can be connected.

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected. Karachi is thought to have been founded early in this period as a village. Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected. Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected.

Modern history

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected. Karachi was officially founded in 1729.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be connected.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. Karachi was ruled by the Talpur dynasty of Sindh. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. The British occupied the town in 1838 and 1839. The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. The town was annexed to the British Indian Empire in 1843, made the capital of the province of Sindh, and in 1847 added to the Bombay Presidency. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. A telegraph line to London and the first rail connections to the rest of British India were established. The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, early 1890s, and late 1890s can be connected. The Empress Market was built.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. Karachi had become the greatest grain exporting port of the British Empire. The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected. An aerodrome was build and Karachi again became capital of Sindh province. The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1850s, and late 1950s can be connected. Karachi became the capital of Pakistan at independence in 1947, but the capital was moved, first to Rawalpindi and then Islamabad. The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected. There were some years of decline and others of relative prosperity in Karachi.

The late 20th century including the early 1980s and late 1980s can be connected. The early 1990s including 19991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. There was an influx of refugees from Afghanistan into the city and between 1992-1994 there was political violence. The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, 1998, 1999, and 2000 can be connected. The violence of the early 1990s subsided.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, and early 2010s can be connected.

The early 2000s including 2001, 2002, 2003, 2004, and 2005 can be connected. Naimatullah Khan begame Mayor of Karachi. The late 2000s including 2006, 2007, 2008, 2009, and 2010 can be connected. Benazir Bhutto was assassinated in Karachi.

The early 2010s including 2011, 2012, and 2013 can be connected. 2014 including the first quarter 2014, second quarter 2014, third quarter 2014, and fourth quarter 2014 can be connected. Karachi Children's Literature Festival was held. 2015 can be connected.

The late 2010s including 2016 can be connected. 2017 including the first quarter 2017 and second quarter 2017 can be connected.


The future including the near future, middle future, and far future can be connected.

Other sociology

Peoples of the world

Peoples of the world including nations and major groups of Western Civilization, Asiatic peoples, African peoples, and American Indian peoples can be connected.

Nations such as Bangladesh, Japan, Mexico, Philippines, Vietnam, Ethiopia, Egypt, Germany, Iran, Turkey, Congo DR, Thailand, France, United Kingdom, Italy, South Africa, South Korea, Burma, Colombia, Spain, Ukraine, Tanzania, Argentina, Kenya, Poland, Algeria, Canada, Iraq, Uganda, Morocco, Sudan, Peru, Uzbekistan, Malaysia, Venezuela, Saudi Arabia, Nepal, Yemen, Afghanistan, Ghana, North Korea, Mozambique, Taiwan, Australia, Syria, Côte d'Ivoire, Madagascar, Sri Lanka, Angola, Cameroon, Romania, Chile, Netherlands, Kazakhstan, Niger, Burkina Faso, Guatemala, Mali can be examined for connections.

Asiatic peoples including South Asian, Southeast Asian and Oceanic, and Oriental peoples can be connected. Pakistan can be connected. South Asian peoples such as those of India can be connected. Southeast Asian and Oceanic peoples such as those of Indonesia can be connected. Oriental peoples such as those of China can be connected.

Western Civilization including Anglic and Latin peoples can be connected. Russia can be connected. Anglic peoples such as those of the United States can be connected. Latin peoples such as those of Brazil can be connected.

African peoples such as those of Nigeria can be connected.

American Indian peoples including Middle American Indian peoples and North American Indian peoples can be connected. Brazil can be connected. Middle American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected. North American Indian peoples such as those of the United States can be connected.

Other communities

Other cities such as Tokyo, Seoul, Mexico City, New York City, Mumbai, Jakarta, Sao Paulo, Delhi, Shanghai, Manila, Karachi, Cairo, Beijing, Osaka, Canton, Moscow, Los Angeles, Calcutta, Dacca, Buenos Aires, Istanbul, Rio de Janeiro, Shenzhen, Lagos, Paris can be examined for connections.

Social mechanics

Social change including social change factors, and social change processes can be connected. Particular changes and movements including stone age developments, the agricultural revolution, agrarian developments, and the industrial revolution can be connected.

Social types including industrial societies, agrarian societies, horticultural societies, and hunting and gathering societies can be connected. Social structure including community and regional structure, class structure, institutional structure, cultural structure, and anthropological structure can be connected.

Institutions including economics, education, and family can be connected. Religion including religions of the world, religious organization, religious practice, and religious belief can be connected. Government including particular governments, government activity, government structure, and law can be connected.

Culture including behavioral culture, conceptual culture, and material culture can be connected.

Anthropology including particular groups, human geography, human ecology, physical anthropology, demography, and social foundations can be connected.

Personal studies including biography, psychology, and the human body can be connected.

Science including biology, earth science, astronomy, chemistry, and physics can be connected.

Created 6 Apr 2013 Last updated 31 Oct 2017