20th Century History of China

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be used to China.


20th Century

The 20th century can be used to examine regions which include cities such as Shanghai, Beijing, and Canton.

Early 20th century

The early 20th century including the early 1900s, late 1900s, early 1910s, and late 1910s can be connected. The early 1900s including 1901, 1902, 1903, 1904, and 1905 can be connected. Dowager Empress Cixi returned to Beijing from Xi'an in 1902, effectively ruled China and proposed a number of reforms. The late 1900s including 1906, 1907, 1908, 1909, and 1910 can be connected. The Guangxu Emperor and the Dowager Empress died in 1908. The early 1910s including 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, and 1915 can be connected. The Xinhia revolution of 1911 deposed the emperor. Sun Yat-sen was proclaimed provisional President, but later Yuan Shikia was made president. The late 1910s including 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, and 1920 can be connected. Yuan Shikai died in 1916 and his death left a power vacuum. Numerous local warlords took power in their respective domains.

Early mid 20th century

The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected.

The early 1920s including 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, and 1925 can be connected. Sun Yat-sen was allied with the Communist party and began a military campaign to reunite China, but died in 1925. The late 1920s including 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930 can be connected. Chiang Kai-shek siezed control of the Nationalist party and began a campaign against southern and central warlords and the Communists. The early 1930s including 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 can be connected. The Japanese invaded Manchuria in 1931. There was civil war with between the Nationalists and Communites, with the Fujian Rebellion of 1933-34 and the Long March of 1934 associated with Communists. The late 1930s including 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940 can be connected. In 1937 the Japanese invaded China at Beijing, and the second Sino-Japanese-war continued into and became part of World War II. The Communists and Nationalists both fought the Japanese, as well as each other.

Mid 20th century

The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected.

The early 1940s including 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 can be connected. The Nationalists and Communists both fought the invasion by Japan. The late 1940s including 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, and 1950 can be connected. The civil war between the Communists and Nationalists ended in a Communist victory and Mao proclaimed the People's Republic of China in 1949. The early 1950s including 1951, 1952, 1953, 1954, and 1955 can be connected. Mao instituted collectivization policies and intervened in the Korean war. The late 1950s including 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and 1960 can be connected. In 1958 Mao instituted a Great Leap Forward.

Late mid 20th century

The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be used to examine China.

The early 1960s including 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1965 can be connected. The Great Leap Forward and enforced collectivization of China were not proving successful. The late 1960s including 1966, 1967, 1969, 1969, and 1970 can be connected. Mao instituted a Cultural Revolution. The early 1970s including 1971, 1972, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. The PRC replaced Taiwan in the United Nations. The late 1970s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected. Mao Zedong died and Deng Xiaoping became the foremost leader of China. There was a degree of economic and cultural liberation, although the Communist Party contined to control the government.

Late 20th century

The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be used to examine China.

The early 1980s including 1981, 1982, 1982, 1984, and 1985 can be connected. The process of economic liberalization continued. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. The reforms taking place in the USSR and Eastern Europe were chilled with the Tianamen square massacre. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. Jiang Zemin assumed leadership of China.

The late 1990s including 1996 can be connected. 1997 including the first quarter 1997, second quarter 1997, third quarter 1997, and fourth quarter 1997 can be connected. Hong Kong was returned to Chinese rule. 1998 including the first quarter 1998, second quarter 1998, third quarter 1998, and fourth quarter 1998 can be connected. Jiang Zemin became President of China, General Secretary of the Chinese Communist Party, and Chairman of the Central Military Commission. 1999 including the first quarter 1999, second quarter 199, third quarter 1999, and fourth quarter 1999 can be connected. Macau reverted to Chinese rule. There was official persecution of the Falun Gong sect. 2000 including the first quarter 2000, second quarter 2000, third quarter 2000, and fourth quarter 2000 can be connected. I do not yet have details of this year.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015; and late 2010s can be used to examine regions of China including cities of Shanghai and Bejing.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 31 Mar 2015 Last updated 24 Nov 2017