Modern History of China

The modern history of China including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century can be connected.

   

Modern History

Cities such as Shanghai, Beijing, Canton, Shenzhen, Tianjin, and Dongguan can be connected.

16th century

The 16th century including the early 16th century, early mid 16th century, mid 16th century, late mid 16th century, and late 16th century can be connected. The Ming dynasty ruled China in this period.

The early 16th century including the early 1500s, late 1500s, early 1510s, and late 1510s can be connected. The Hongzi emperor and then the Zhengdi emperors ruled. European seafarers first reached China. The early mid 16th century including the early 1520s, late 1520s, early 1530s, and late 1530s can be connected. The Jiajing emperor ruled. The mid 16th century including the early 1540s, late 1540s, early 1550s, and late 1550s can be connected. The Jiajing emperor ruled. Trade contacts with the Portuguese expanded. The late mid 16th century including the early 1560s, late 1560s, early 1570s, and late 1570s can be connected. First the Jiajing emperor ruled until 1567, then the Longquing emperor until 1572, then the Wanli emperor. China began substantial foreign trade, chiefly with the Spanish and Portuguese. The late 16th century including the early 1580s, late 1580s, early 1590s, and late 1590s can be connected. The Wanli emperor ruled China.

17th century

The 17th century including the early 17th century, early mid 17th century, mid 17th century, late mid 17th century, and late 17th century can be connected. The Ming dynasty was succeeded by the Qing or Manchu Dynasty.

The early 17th century including the early 1600s, late 1600s, early 1610s, and late 1610s can be connected. The Wanli emperor neglected his duties amid various disasters, and the Jurchen people began to mobilize outside Chinas's northern border. The early mid 17th century including the early 1620s, late 1620s, early 1630s, and late 1630s can be connected. A rebellion against the Ming dynasty found allies in the Jurchen, renamed the Manchu people, and began a campaign against the Ming. The mid 17th century including the early 1640s, late 1640s, early 1650s, and late 1650s can be connected. The Qing or Manchu dynasty began to conquer the Ming dynasty of China. The late mid 17th century including the early 1660s, late 1660s, early 1670s, and late 1670s can be connected. The Kangxi emperor took the throne and continued the conquest of outlying areas of China. The late 17th century including the early 1680s, late 1680s, early 1690s, and late 1690s can be connected. The Kangxi emperor ruled.

18th century

The 18th century including the early 18th century, early mid 18th century, mid 18th century, late mid 18th century, and late 18th century can be connected.

The early 18th century including the early 1700s, late 1700s, early 1710s, and late 1710s can be connected. The Kangxi emperor ruled. The early mid 18th century including the early 1720s, late 1720s, early 1730s, and late 1730s can be connected. The Kangxi emperor died and the Yongzheng emperor ruled. The mid 18th century including the early 1740s, late 1740s, early 1750s, and late 1760s can be connected. The Qianlong emperor conducted military campaigns that extended Chinese influence into Central Asia. The late mid 18th century including the early 1760s, late 1760s, early 1770s, and late 1770s can be connected. The Qianglong emperor ruled and the Qing dynasty was possibly at its height. The late 18th century including the early 1780s, late 1780s, early 1790s, and late 1790s can be connected. The imperial government began to be increasingly corrupt and the White Lotus rebellion began.

19th century

The 19th century including the early 19th century, early mid 19th century, mid 19th century, late mid 19th century, and late 19th century can be used to examine regions which include cities such as Shanghai and Beijing.

The early 19th century including the early 1800s, late 1800s, early 1810s, and late 1810s can be connected. The Qing dynasty continued to rule China. The White Lotus rebellion was brought to an end. The early mid 19th century including the early 1820s, late 1820s, early 1830s, and late 1830s can be connected. Trade relations with European countries became strained, as Chinese merchants would only accept silver for Chinese goods.The mid 19th century including the early 1840s, late 1840s, early 1850s, and late 1850s can be connected. China was defeated by the UK in the first Opium war and the treaty of Nanking humiliated the Chinese. The Taiping rebellion began, and the second Opium war resulted in another Chinese defeat. The late mid 19th century including the early 1860s, late 1860s, early 1870s, and late 1870s can be connected. The Taiping rebellion against Manchu rule was put down, but others arose.

The late 19th century including the early 1880s, late 1880s, and early 1890s can be connected. The late 1890s including 1896, 1897, 1898, 1899, and 1900 can be connected. The Guanxu Emperor proposed reforms which would lead to a constitutional monarchy, but the Dowager Empress Cixi defeated them. The Boxer Rebellion arose in 1899.

20th century

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s, and late 2010s can be used to examine regions which include cities such as Shanghai, Beijing, and Canton.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 17 May 2014 Last updated 17 May 2016