20th Century History of India

The 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be used to examine the history of India


20th Century

The 20th century can be used to examine regions which include cities such as Mumbai, Dehli, and Calcutta.

The early 20th century including the early 1900s and late 1900s can be connected. The early 1910s including 1911, 1912, 1913, 1914, and 1915 can be connected. There were increasing demands for Indian independence. The late 1910s including 1916, 1917, 1918, 1919, and 1920 can be connected. The British enacted measures which gave India greater self government. Gandhi became active in the movement for greater self-government.

Early mid 20th century

The early mid 20th century including the early 1920s, late 1920s, early 1930s, and late 1930s can be connected.

The early 1920s including 1921, 1922, 1923, 1924, and 1925 can be connected. Gandhi led a non-cooperation movement protesting British government. The late 1920s including 1926, 1927, 1928, 1929, and 1930 can be connected. Gandhi and others were active in protesting the British government of India. The early 1930s including 1931, 1932, 1933, 1934, and 1935 can be connected. The 1935 Government of India act provided for expanded self-government of India. The late 1930s including 1936, 1937, 1938, 1939, and 1940 can be connected. There was continued agitation for independence, although British India supported the British in World War II.

Mid 20th centuy

The mid 20th century including the early 1940s, late 1940s, early 1950s, and late 1950s can be connected.

The early 1940s including 1941, 1942, 1943, 1944, and 1945 can be connected. British India supported the British in World War II, but the independence movement gained strength. The late 1940s including 1946, 1947, 1948, 1949, and 1950 can be connected. India was granted independence in 1947. Jawaharlal Nehru was the first Prime Minister. The early 1950s including 1951, 1942, 1953, 1954, and 1955 can be connected. Jawaharlal Nehru was re-elected Prime Minister in the first national elections in 1952. The late 1950s including 1956, 1957, 1958, 1959, and 1960 can be connected. Nehru led India as Prime Minister.

Late mid 20th century

The late mid 20th century including the early 1960s, late 1960s, early 1970s, and late 1970s can be connected.

The early 1960s including 1961, 1962, 1963, 1964, and 1965 can be connected. India was led by Nehru, who died in 1964. There was an inconclusive war with Pakistan in 1965. The late 1960s including 1966, 1967, 1968, 1969, and 1970 can be connected. Indira Gandhi, daugher of Nehru, was elected Prime Minister of India. The early 1970s including 1971, 1982, 1973, 1974, and 1975 can be connected. Indira Gandhi was returned to political power and the third of four wars with Pakistan commenced. With the assistance of India, East Pakistan achieved independence as Banglashesh. The late 1970s including 1976, 1977, 1978, 1979, and 1980 can be connected. Indira Gandhi was removed from office following abuses after a declaration of emergency, but the Prime Ministers who succeeded her offered little improvement, and she was returned to office.

Late 20th century

The late 20th century including the early 1980s, late 1980s, early 1990s, and late 1990s can be used to examine India.

The early 1980s including 1981, 1982, 1983, 1984, and 1985 can be connected. Indira Gandhi was assassinated, and her son Rajiv came to power. The Bhopal disaster took place. The late 1980s including 1986, 1987, 1988, 1989, and 1990 can be connected. Rajiv Gandhi lost power and VP Singh became Prime Minister. The early 1990s including 1991, 1992, 1993, 1994, and 1995 can be connected. Former Prime minster Rajiv Ganghi was assassinated. Prime minister P.V. Narasimha Rao was prime minister.

The late 1990s including 1996, 1997, and 1998 can be connected. The Hindu Nationalist Bharatiya Janata party became the largest party, and Atal Bihari Vajpayee was elected twice as Prime Minister. 1999 including the first quarter 1999, second quarter 1999, third quarter 1999, and fourth quarter 1999 can be connected. The Kargil war with Pakistan occurred. Atal Bihari Vajpayee was re-elected as Prime Minister. 2000 including the first quarter 2000, second quarter 2000, third quarter 2000, and fourth quarter 2000 can be connected. India's population exceeded 1 billion. US President Bill Clinton visited India.

Early 21st century

The early 21st century including the early 2000s, late 2000s, early 2010s including 2011, 2012, 2013, 2014, and 2015; and late 2010s can be used to examine India.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 31 Mar 2015 Last updated 27 Oct 2016