History of India

Introductory material

   

History

Prehistory

Early prehistory

Early prehistory including early mid Pleistocene prehistory, mid Pleistocene prehistory, and late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. It is not thought that India was inhabited during Pliocene or early Pleistocene prehistory.

Early mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Hominid remains from about 500,000 years before present have been identified. Late mid Pleistocene prehistory can be connected. Anatomically modern humans from about 75,000 years before present have been identified.

Middle prehistory

Middle prehistory including the 5th decamillennium BP, 4th decamillennium BP, 3rd decamillennium BP, and 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected.

The 5th decamillennium BP including the early 5th decamillennium BP, early mid 5th decamillennium BP, mid 5th decamillennium BP, late mid 5th decamillennium BP, and late 5th decamillennium BP can be connected. I have no details on India during this period. The 4th decamillennium BP including the early 4th decamillennium BP, early mid 4th decamillennium BP, mid 4th decamillennium BP, late mid 4th decamillennium BP, and late 4th decamillennium BP can be connected. I have no details on India during this period. The 3rd decamillennium BP including the early 3rd decamillennium BP, early mid 3rd decamillennium BP, mid 3rd decamillennium BP, late mid 3rd decamillennium BP, and late 3rd decamillennium BP can be connected. Rock cave paintings date to about 30,000 BC. The 2nd decamillennium BP including the early 2nd decamillenium BP, early mid 2nd decamillennium BP, mid 2nd decamillennium BP, late mid 2nd decamillennium BP, and late 2nd decamillennium BP can be connected. Rock cave paintings date to about 30,000 BC. Mesolithic settlements have been identified. The earliest Neolithic settments date to about 12,000 years BP.

Late prehistory

Late prehistory including the 8th millennium BC, 7th millennium BC, 6th millennium BC, 5th millennium BC, and 4th millennium BC can be connected.

The 8th millennium BC including the early 8th millennium BC, early mid 8th millennium BC, mid 8th millennium BC, late mid 8th millennium BC, and late 8th millennium BC can be connected. The Bhirrana findings dating to about 7500 BC are mentioned. The Bhimbetka rock shelters date to about this time. The 7th millennium BC including the early 7th millennium BC, early mid 7th millennium BC, mid 7th millennium BC, late mid 7th millennium BC, and late 7th millennium BC can be connected. I have little information about the 7th millennium BC in India. The 6th millennium BC including the early 6th millennium BC, early mid 6th millennium BC, mid 6th millennium BC, late mid 6th millennium BC, and late 6th millennium BC can be connected. The stone age carvings of the Eddakal caves near Kerala are thought to date to about 6000 BC. The 5th millennium BC including the early 5th millennium BC, early mid 5th millennium BC, mid 5th millennium BC, late mid 5th millennium BC, and late 5th millennium BC can be connected. Neolithic culture was present in the Indus valley about 5000 BC. The 4th millennium BC including the early 4th millennium BC, early mid 4th millennium BC, mid 4th millennium BC, late mid 4th millennium BC, and late 4th millennium BC can be connected. The early Indus Valley or Harappan civilization began to arise.

Antiquity

Antiquity including the early 3rd millennium BC, late 3rd millennium BC, early 2nd millennium BC, late 2nd millennium BC, and early 1st millennium BC can be connected. The city of Delhi can be traced back into antiquity.

Early 3rd millennium BC

The early 3rd millennium BC including the 30th century BC, 29th century BC, 28th century BC, 27th century BC, and 26th century BC can be connected. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified.

The 30th century BC including the early 30rth century BC, early mid 30th century BC, mid 30th century BC, late mid 30th century BC, and late 30th century BC can be connected. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. Neolithic communities began to appear in lower Ganges valley. The 29th century BC including the early 29th century BC, early mid 29th cenury BC, mid 29th century BC, late mid 29th century BC, and late 29th century BC can be connected. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. The 28th century BC including the early 28th century BC, early mid 28th century BC, mid 28th century BC, late mid 28th century BC, and late 28th century BC can be connected. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. The 27th century BC including the early 27th century BC, early mid 27th century BC, mid 27th century BC, late mid 27th century BC, and late 27th century BC can be connected. The early Indus valley civilization can be identified. The 26th century BC including the early 26th century BC, early mid 26th century BC, mid 26th century BC, late mid 26th century BC, and late 26th century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present.

Late 3rd millennium BC

The late 3rd millennium BC including the 25th century BC, 24th century BC, 23rd century BC, 22nd century BC, and 21st century BC can be connected.

The 25th century BC including the early 25th century BC, early mid 25th century BC, mid 25th century BC, late mid 25th century BC, and late 25th century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present. The 24th century BC including the early 24th century BC, early mid 24th century BC, mid 24th century BC, late mid 24th century BC, and late 24th century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present. The 23rd century BC including the early 23rd century BC, early mid 23rd century BC, mid 23rd century BC, late mid 23rd century BC, late 23rd century BC, and late 23rd century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present. The 22nd century BC including the early 22nd century BC, early mid 22nd century BC, mid 22nd century BC, late mid 22nd century BC, and lat 22nd century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present. The 21st century BC including the early 21st century BC, early mid 21st century BC, mid 21st century BC, late mid 21st century BC, and late 21st century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present.

Early 2nd millennium BC

The early 2nd millennium BC including the 20th century BC, 19th century BC, 18th century BC, 17th century BC, 16th century BC, and 15th century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present.

The 20th century BC including the early 20th century BC, early mid 20th century BC, mid 20th century BC, late mid 20th century BC, and late 20th century BC can be connected. The Indus Valley or Harappan civilization was present. The 19th century BC including the early 19th century BC, early mid 19th century BC, mid 19th century BC, late mid 19th century BC, and late 19th century BC can be connected. The Harappan civilization was in decline. The 18th century BC including the early 18th century BC, early mid 18th century BC, mid 18th century BC, late mid 18th century BC, and late 18th century BC can be connected. Cities of the Harappan civilization were abandoned. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, began to develop. The 17th century BC including the early 17th century BC, early mid 17th century BC, mid 17th century BC, late mid 17th century BC, and late 17th century BC can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. The 16th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 16th century BC, mid 16th century BC, late mid 16th century BC, and late 16th century BC can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed.

Late 2nd millennium BC

The late 2nd millennium BC including the 15th century BC, 14th century BC, 13th century BC, 12th century BC, and 11th century BC can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, predominated.

The 15th century BC including the early 15th century BC, early mid 15th century BC, mid 15th century BC, late mid 15th century BC, and late 15th century BC can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. The 14th century BC including the early 14th century BC, early mid 14th century BC, mid 14th century BC, late mid 14th century BC, and late 14th century BC can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. The 13th century BC including the early 13th century BC, early mid 13th century BC, mid 13th century BC, late mid 13th century, and late 13th century can be connected. Iron age Vedic culture, thought to have been an Indo-Aryan synthesis, developed. The 12th century BC including the early 12th century BC, early mid 12th century BC, mid 12th century BC, late mid 12th century BC, and late 12h century BC can be connected. The Kuru kingdom can be identified. The 11th century BC including the early 11th century BC, early mid 11th century BC, mid 11th century BC, late mid 11th century BC, and late 11th century BC can be connected. The Kuru and Videha kingdoms are mentioned.

Early 1st millennium BC

The early 1st millennium BC including the 10th century BC, 9th century BC, 8th century BC, 7th century BC, and 6th century BC can be connected. Later Vedic civilization was present.

The 10th century BC including the early 10th century BC, early mid 10th century BC, mid 10th century BC, late mid 10th century BC, and late 10th century BC can be connected. The Kuru, Panchala, and Videha kingdoms are mentioned. The 9th century BC including the early 9th century BC, early mid 9th century BC, mid 9th century BC, late mid 9th century BC, and late 9th century BC can be connected. The kingdoms of Kuru, Panchala and Videha are mentioned.The 8th century BC including the early 8th century BC, early mid 8th century BC, mid 8th century BC, late mid 8th century BC, and late 8th century BC can be connected. The kingdoms of Panchala and Videha are mentioned. The 7th century BC including the early 7th century BC, early mid 7th century BC, mid 7th century BC, late mid 7th century BC, and late 7th century BC can be connected. A process of urbanization began, and some of the works known as the Upanashids were written. The 6th century BC including the early 6th century BC, early mid 6th century BC, mid 6th century BC, late mid 6th century BC, and late 6th century BC can be connected. A process of urbanization continued, and some of the works known as the Upanashids were written.

Classical and medieval history

Classical and medieval history including early classical, late classical, early medieval, and late medieval history can be connected. Cities including Mumbai, Delhi, and Calcutta can be traced back into classical and medieval times.

Early classical history

Early classical history including the 5th century BC, 4th century BC, 3rd century BC, 2nd century BC, and 1st century BC can be connected.

The 5th century BC including the early 5th century BC, early mid 5th century BC, mid 5th century BC, late mid 5th century BC, and late 5th century BC can be connected. Magadha was an important state. The Persians had conquered part of India. The 4th century BC including the early 4th century BC, early mid 4th century BC, mid 4th century BC, late mid 4th century BC, and late 4th century BC can be connected. The Nanda empire ruled much of India, and Alexander the Great reached India but turned back. The Mauryan empire arose. The 3rd century BC including the early 3rd century BC, early mid 3rd century BC, mid 3rd century BC, late mid 3rd century BC, and late 3rd century BC can be connected. The Mauryan empire flourished. The 2nd century BC including the early 2nd century BC, early mid 2nd century BC, mid 2nd century BC, late mid 2nd century BC, and late 2nd century BC can be connected. The Mauryan empire fell into decline. The 1st century BC including the early 1st century BC, early mid 1st century BC, mid 1st century BC, late mid 1st century BC, and late 1st century BC can be connected. Indo-Greek and Indo-Scythian kings ruled.

Late classical history

Late classical history including the 1st century CE, 2nd century CE, 3rd century CE, 4th century CE, and 5th century CE can be connected. The Gupta empire was prominent in this period.

The 1st century CE including the early 1st century CE, early mid 1st century CE, mid 1st century CE, late mid 1st century CE, and late 1st century CE can be connected. The Indo-Parthians, Indo-Sassanids, and Kushan empire can be identified in this period. The 2nd century CE including the early 2nd century CE, early mid 2nd century CE, mid 2nd century CE, late mid 2nd century CE, and late 2nd century CE can be connected. The Kushan empire can be identified in this period. The 3rd century CE including the early 3rd century CE, early mid 3rd century CE, mid 3rd century CE, late mid 3rd century CE, and late 3rd century CE can be connected. The Kushan empire can be identfied in this period. The 4th century CE including the early 4th century CE, early mid 4th century CE, mid 4th century CE, late mid 4th century CE, and late 4th century CE can be connected. The Gupta empire arose during this period. The 5th century CE including the early 5th century CE, early mid 5th century CE, mid 5th century CE, late mid 5th century CE, and late 5th century CE can be connected. The Gupta empire was prominent.

Early medieval history

Early medieval history including the 6th century CE, 7th century CE, 8th century CE, 9th century CE, and 10th century CE can be connected. Mumbai can be considered. The Gupta empire ended and various Indian empires arose. Islam entered India.

The 6th century CE including the early 6th century CE, early mid 6th century CE, mid 6th century CE, late mid 6th century CE, and late 6th century CE can be connected. The Gupta empire collapsed. The 7th century CE including the early 7th century CE, early mid 7th century CE, mid 7th century CE, late mid 7th century CE, and late 7th century CE can be connected. The empire of Harsha flourished briefly. The 8th century CE including the early 8th century CE, early mid 8th century CE, mid 8th century CE, late mid 8th century CE, and late 8th century CE can be connected. The Gurjara Pratihara empire, Rashtrakutya empire, and Pala empire were important. The Umayyad caliphate established some rule in what is now Pakistan, but most Islamic invaders of India were repulsed. The 9th century CE including the early 9th century CE, early mid 9th century CE, mid 9th century CE, late mid 9th century CE, and late 9th century CE can be connected. The Gurjara Pratihara empire, Rashtrakutya empire, and Pala empire were important. The 10th century CE including the early 10th century CE, early mid 10th century CE, mid 10th century CE, late mid 10th century CE, and late 10th century CE can be connected. The Gurjara Pratihara empire, Rashtrakutya empire, and Pala empire were important.

Late medieval history

Late medieval history including the 11th century CE, 12th century CE, 13th century CE, 14th century CE, and 15th century CE can be connected. Mumbai can be considered. The Delhi Sultanate and the Mongol invasion are noteworthy.

The 11th century CE including the early 11 century CE, early mid 11th century CE, mid 11th century CE, late mid 11th century CE, and late 11th century CE can be connected. The Shahi dynasty, Lohara Dynasty, and Chola empire were important. The 12th century CE including the early 12th century CE, early mid 12th century CE, mid 12th century CE, late mid 12th century CE, and late 1th century CE can be connected. The Chola empire, the Pala empire centered in the Bengal region, and western Chalukya empire were significant. The 13th century CE including the early 13th century CE, early mid 13th century CE, mid 13th century CE, late mid 13th century CE, and late 13th century CE can be connected. The Delhi sultanate ruled much of northern India and suffered Mongol incursions. The 14th century CE including the early 14th century CE, early mid 14th century CE, mid 14th century CE, late mid 14th century CE, and late 14th century CE can be connected. India was partly ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, partly by the Vijayanagara empire, and partly by other smaller states. In 1398 Delhi was sacked by Timur. The 15th century including the early 15th century, early mid 15th century, mid 15th century, late mid 15th century, and late 15th century can be connected. India was partly ruled by the Delhi Sultanate, partly by the Vijayanagara empire, and partly by other smaller states.

Modern history

The modern history of India including the 16th century, 17th century, 18th century, 19th century, and 20th century including the early 20th century, early mid 20th century, mid 20th century, late mid 20th century, late 20th century, and early 21st century can be connected.

Future

The future including the far future can be connected. The near future including next month, next quarter, next year, and the next 5 years can be connected. The middle future including the next 20 years, next century, next 5 centuries, and next 20 centuries can be connected.

History, sociology, institutions, culture, anthropology, personal studies, and science will be connected as the site develops.

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Created 19 Sep 2013 Last updated 9 Dec 2016