Slow to go

Although I have been working on the review of early classical history, this has been going slower than I wanted. For one, the review of African and American Indian peoples took longer than I expected. I have also been working on what I call the lower end of the Knowledge Base, most productively on the inter connections of the areas I call anthropology. For a third, I was working toward New York City as a target for historical investigation.

So, I’ve watched all of the first season of the Rings of Power. I don’t think it lives up to the hype, but it’s not a complete turkey. I’d give it a rating of three stars out of five.

The sixth and final entry of a series I’ve been reading, the “Ageless Mysteries” by Vanessa Nelson came out. This is a sort of police procedural in a fantasy realm, where the heroine is a city watchman who is tasked with investigating a series of murders and other crimes, many of them involving magic, in a city which is ruled by a class of powerful winged beings known as the Ageless. I can’t say much about it without giving spoilers, but I considered it a decent read. The machinations, motives, and fates of the principal antagonists, were finally revealed, and their ends satisfactory. I expected the relationship between Thea and her closest supporter to turn romantic, and it didn’t. Three starts of out of five, for plot threads not quite resolved, and not quite credible politics among the Ageless.

Fiction series review: The Chained Adept

This 4-book fantasy series by Karen Myers, begins with “The Chained Adept.” In a magical accident when the heroine, a wizard called Penrys, is teleported to a distant continent, where she instantly defends a wizard called Zandaril from a magical attack. Penrys was found about three years ago, naked except for an unremovable golden chain around her neck, and with no memory, by a wizard at the wizard Collegium of Ellech. She had been found to have a powerful magical talent and some training outside the traditions of the Collegium, taken in, and give the title of Adept. She falls in with the wizard she defended who has been sent from his home nation of Zannib to assist another nation, the Kigali, to find what out what is behind a local invasion by a third nation, the Rasesni.

In the second book, “Mistress of Animals”, after defeating the threat in the first book, Penrys and Zandaril, whose true name was revealed as Najub, attempt to visit his home clan in Zannib. Their visit is interrupted when a disaster struck a neighboring clan. Most of the animals, and the people belonging to the clan have disappeared, except for a few wandering scattered survivors who do not know exactly what happened to the rest. Penrys and Najub trace the trouble to another chained wizard, the Mistress of Animals of the title, and are married.

In the third book, “Broken Devices” Penrys and her husband Najub are summoned by the emperor of the Kigali, to find that there has been a virtual plague of these memory-less chained wizards scattered around the world.

In the fourth, “On A Crooked Track” Penrys returns to Ellech along with Najub to investigate the mysterious origins of the chained wizards.

To be brief, I liked the series. Much of its delight comes from its intricate world building and the mysteries that are encountered and solved, hence my care to avoid as many spoilers as possible.


Although I am personally interested in the sciences, I decided several years back that trying to build my knowledge of the world from the bottom up wouldn’t work. Too often I lacked motivation or reason to concentrate on particular topics, so I started to work from the top down, with history. This is working better for me.

In this version of the Knowledge Base, I have reached a point where history is connecting to science. This is more useful for science than it it is for history, because examination of the particular sciences being with history.

I like to start at the beginning, with prehistory. At present, this needs connection to areas of culture, especially areas of material culture. This also involves the examination of history, especially modern history, For the 19th century I am able to roughly review the status of archaeological research among major peoples and somewhat correlate this with the major peoples of prehistory. I plan to proceed along the same lines for the 20th century and 21st centuries in general.

Although it is tempting to begin a rewrite of early prehistory already, using additional connections and developments I have made while working with history in general the periods of antiquity, I think it will be more useful to continue forward.

To this end, I am reviewing the connections to classical and medieval history. From this point onward, I will be concentrating on Western Civilization more than Asiatic peoples, and among Asiatic peoples, more on the Oriental peoples of China, Japan, and Korea more than South Asia. It may take a day or few to work through the connections of nations and peoples, social mechanics and social institutions of classical and medieval history. Since I don’t have a whole lot to say about these because they till too abstract and not very interesting to talk about, I may fill in with references to books and things.

Early 1st millennium BC #1

Egypt was ruled in the 3rd intermediate period by the 21st through 26th dynasties until it was conquered by Persia. Mesopotamian peoples were also conquered by Persia. I don’t yet have much detail of Persia, since I am still working back to this. In Anatolia, the Phrygian, Lydian, Carian, and Lycian peoples followed the collapse of the Hittite empire Persian peoples conquered Egyptian and Mesopotamian peoples in this period, although I am still working Iran, or Persia. In what are now India and Pakistan, Vedic peoples were continuing to develop, and where encountered by the Persian empire. Chinese peoples were also developing, although I do not yet have China specifically back to to this period.

In Western Civilization, the pre-Classic Greek peoples followed the Mycenaean empire, and among Latin peoples, Etruscan and Roman peoples were present. Because they were important in earlier periods, Northern East African, Interior East African, and Central East African peoples are being considered, and I am starting to look at Interior West African peoples. In South Africa, the San and Khoikhoi peoples seem to have predominated. I do not yet have details of Central African peoples, or of Middle American or South American Indian peoples, but I am considering them.

Late 2nd Millennium BC #1

Egypt was ruled by the New Kingdom of the 18th through 20th dynasties, which was followed by the 3rd intermediate period. Mesopotamian peoples were still important in this period, although I don’t yet have the details. In Anatolia, the Hittite empire prevailed. I don’t yet have details for Levantine, Persian, Arabian, or North African peoples. This was the period of most of the early Old Testament. Vedic culture was forming in what are now India and Pakistan. I still don’t have details for Chinese, Southeast Asian, or Central Asian peoples.

Mycenaean peoples were present on the Greek mainland, supplanting the Minoan civilization of Crete. Other European peoples are not yet detailed. African peoples are represented by Interior East African peoples, Northern East African peoples, and Central East African peoples. I also do not yet have details of Western African peoples. Because of their importance in earlier times, I have mention of the San and Khokhoi peoples of South Africa. I do not yet have details of Middle American Indian peoples or South American Indian peoples

Slogging along

I’m overdue for the next installment of my historical review. I’m already working on the next one. I got through the outline of psychology I mentioned last week, and I’ve been connecting history to the human body. There is also the fact that as I go forward through history, the number of nations and other topics to keep track increases, so a writeup becomes somewhat more daunting the further I go. I’m reasonably pleased with my plans for development, which have a nice aesthetic appeal, although practicality may be another matter. Between dealing with a balky printer (it worked last week, why did it go offline when I last wanted a print job?) and various personal maintenance chores, it’s been slower going than I like.

Early 2nd Millennium BC #1

For this period, there are written sources dating back to the late 2nd millennium BC, primarily in the Middle East, which give a somewhat hazy and imperfect view of the early 2nd millennium BC. During the early 1st millennium BC, the Hebrew bible was being composed, which has information about earlier times. The Greek epics were being composed as well. During the early classical period, Greek and Roman sources and scholarship give a little information of the early 2nd millennium BC. This continued into the late classical period. In early medieval times, Christian scholars preserved a few records of earlier times. In the 16th and 17th century,students relied heavily on traditional accounts, but in the 18th century, there were the beginnings of archaeological investigations. In the 19th century, there were numerous discoveries of ancient ruins and sources, which brought long-lost contemporary accounts of the early 2nd millennium BC to light. In the 20th century, historical scholarship continued to develop. From the mid 20th century onward, I am considering South Asia. Although Western and Middle Eastern scholarship were better developed, I don’t yet have enough material from present day nations corresponding to the peoples of early interest. In the 21st century, I have connections to Egypt.

In Egypt, the Middle Kingdom of the 11th through 14th dynasties was succeeded by the 2nd intermediate period of the 15th through 17th dynasties and the New Kingdom of the 18th dynasty. Although Mesopotamian peoples were important, I still need to work details of Iraq from later periods. In Anatolia, Hattian, Hurrian, and Hittite peoples were present. I do not yet have details of Levantine, Arabian, or Persian peoples. It is thought that Indo-European speaking peoples appeared in India and Pakistan, as Harappan civilization declined. I do not yet have details of Oriental, Southeast Asian or Central Asian peoples. It is thought from linguistic evidence that Indo-European speakers from what are now Southern Russia and Central Asia began to migrate into Europe, the Middle East, and South Asia, but I don’t yet have the details.

The Minoan civilization was present in this period, but I do not yet have details of the rest of Europe. I am also still working on Eastern Africa, Western African, Southern Central African, and Central African peoples in later periods, and on Middle American and South American peoples.

I am still working on social mechanics, although agrarian developments and societies were predominant. Pagan religion was also the most important. Asian religion was beginning to become more distinct from pagan religion generally. I have also supposed that Abrahamic religion dates back to this period. I am proceeding with studies of Government, economics, education, and family, but these aren’t yet fully integrated with the peoples of the world.


I’ve been going to continue my review of history with the early 2nd millennuim BC, but after several of those in a row, I’m doing a little changeup. So, for books I’ve read in the past couple of weeks, there have been “Let Me Tell Your Again”, the latest installment in the April series by Mackey Chandler. “Battles in the Black”, by J.M. Anjewierden, the latest entry in the Black Chronicles, “This Potion is da Bomb” by Honor Raconteur, the latest entry in the Henri Davenforth Chronicles, “Preternaturally Familiar”, the latest entry by Alma T.C. Boykin, the latest in her “Familiar” series, “A Lady’s Heart of Gold” by Sally Britton, the last in her “Hearts of Arizona” series, “Cinder-Nanny” by Sariah Wilson, “The Wordsmith of Emerson Pass” by Tess Thompon, the seventh of eight planned in her Emerson Pass Historical romances, “On Stormy Seas” by Eric Thomson, the eighth in his Siobhan Dunmoore series, and “A Truth to Lie For” by Ann Perry, the fourth in her Elena Standish series. Yes, I read fast, and yes, I like series..only one Cinder-Nanny isn’t in one.

I listened to nearly all of the latest LDS General Conference, and found myself, as usual, both encouraged and reinforced, and somewhat depressed by my various failures and inadequacies. There are a couple of talks I need to go over and review more thoroughly.

I have a couple of family members that I am not on good terms with, and my recent attempts at reconciliation have gone badly. In one, I seem to have done more harm than good in my last attempt, and for another, my overtures have been rebuffed. It hurts to be rejected by basically good people I would like to like. It’s depressing, and it’s a continual but familiar struggle not to be overcome with bitterness. So I’ll stifle the rant and go on about my business…this, too,, shall pass.

Late 3rd millennium BC #1

The late 3rd millennium BC from 2500 BC to 2000 BC was investigated in later periods of antiquity, classical and medieval times, and has been more investigated in modern times, chiefly beginning in the 18th century. With archaeological discoveries in the 19th century, 20th century, and 21st century, knowledge of it has been improving.

Asiatic peoples remained the most important, and Middle Eastern peoples the most prominent of those. In Egypt, the Old kingdom of Egypt in the 5th and 6th dynasties, the first intermediate period, and the Middle kingdom with the 11th dynasty prevailed. Mesopotamian peoples were also prominent, although details are somewhat obscure until I have covered more of the history of Iraq. Hattian and Hurrian peoples were present in what is now Turkey. I have connections to Arabian and Levantine peoples, although not much detail until I get to more specific countries. I have not brought North African and Persian peoples back this far yet.

In South Asia, the Harappan civiliation reached its height in what is now Pakistan. Oriental, Southeast Asian and Oceanic, and Central Asian peoples are not yet closely examined.

European peoples had not developed as much, although among Balkan peoples and specifically Greek peoples, Minoan civilization was present. I only have mention of the peoples of what are now Latin, Northeast European, and Germanic regions.

African peoples can also be considered. East African peoples were the most prominent. Interior East African peoples may have been the most important, but I am still bringing back the history of Sudan from modern times. I don’t yet have details of Northern East African or Central East African peoples. For Western Africa, I am still bringing back Interior West Africa through classical and medieval times. Southern Africa and Central Africa also do not have much detail.

American Indian peoples have limited mention of Middle American Indian peoples, and South American Indian peoples.

Agrarian developments and agrarian society were the most prominent in this century, but I do not yet have details. Pagan religion and Asian religion were predominant. International government began in this period, but national governments can also be traced. Government activity including such things as warfare, diplomacy, and intelligence is applicable, among various peoples, and government structure and law can also be considered. Economic systems, industries, and economic activity can also be traced, and school systems. Families and elements of culture are mentioned, but again, I don’t yet have many details.

Early 3rd Millennium BC #1

The advent of recorded history makes it possible to connect this period to later periods of antiquity, classical and medieval times, and modern history. This was supplemented by archaeology beginning in the 18th century and continuing into the 19th century, 18th century, and 21st century.

Among Asian peoples, numerous cities were founded. Agrarian developments predominated, as institutions developed. culture flourished, and populations grew. Horticultural societies and hunting and gathering societies persisted. The most important were Middle Eastern peoples. In Egypt, the Old Kingdom including the first through fourth dynasties was present. Among Mesopotamian peoples, cities were also founded and developed. Arabian peoples can also be considered. Anatolian peoples were already becoming more important, but need to be brought back. After Middle Eastern peoples, South Asia was becoming more significant. There was more development in what is now Pakistan than in what is now India. Oriental, Southeast Asian, and Central Asian peoples were also developing.

My emphasis shifts in this period, with European peoples getting earlier and greater emphasis than African peoples. Agrarian developments were slower than among Asian peoples. Balkan peoples were probably the most advanced. Greek peoples are still being brought back from later periods, although I have connections to Latin and Northeast European regions.

In Africa, I am still concentrating on Eastern African peoples. Interior East African peoples are the most developed. Sudan is being pulled back through classical and medieval history because it includes ancient Nubia, which has connections to Egypt. Northern East African peoples and Central East African peoples seem to have been less developed. There is also another shift in emphasis, as Western African peoples seem to have advanced more than Southern African peoples. Interior West Africa is being brought back through classical and medieval times.

American Indian peoples are also being considered. Middle American Indian peoples are somewhat connected, and South American Indian peoples are being brought back through later periods.

Elements of social mechanics are being investigated. Particular religions are being considered. Pagan religion predominated. I am considering the beginnings of Asian religion although this is not clearly distinct from pagan religion in this period. International government had not yet developed, although national government had. Early forms of Government activity, government structure, and law are being developed, and economic systems, industries, and economic activity are traceable. I can also begin to identify school systems.